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Unit 3 Lesson 1 HTML

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
View Source code that your web browser uses to create the web page you are looking at
Hyper Text Markup Language defines how a web page is to be structured
Tags structural instructions that define a web pages structure and various content containers enclosed in angle brackets < >
Well Formed Webpages Web documents that adhere to the HTML guidelines
Cascading Style Sheets used to define the layout of your web pages, add the colors, fonts, and the aesthetic features to your web site
<!DOCTYPE html> declaration which is placed above the opening <html> tag so a browser interprets all the HTML 5 features
root element the <html> open and close tags
head the region of a web page that contains utility tags that work behind the scenes and provide information about the page
body the primary content region on a web page that contains all the actual content that is displayed in the browser
Meta tags provide information about a web page and are placed in the head region of the document
<meta charset="utf-8"> meta tag that indicates that the browser should use the English character set
spiders programs that constantly search the web by following links to find new web pages, and to update the information on the web pages currently in their database
element any object on the page, such as an image, paragraph, container of information, lists, video, etc; created by tags, usually consisting of an opening and corresponding closing tag.
container elements elements such as header, article, section, etc that help organize and define content within the body of a web page
header used to define the header of the body element
section used to group elements, or it can be used to divide content within an element
article where the primary content of a web site is written
nav contains the web site's primary navigation
aside additional content that is "aside" the primary content on the page or content that should not be taken out of context
footer contains the information that would be at the bottom of a web page, generally copyright information, or any other information that should be displayed at the foot of a web page
div the original container element; used to create containers that do not necessarily fit into any other of the container categories, or to simply group content together
Heading Tags used as headings for different sections on a web page; <h1> to <h6>
Paragraph Tags define the paragraphs on a web page; paragraph in web design is a looser term than what you might use to define a paragraph in your English class. A single sentence could still be enclosed within paragraph tags. <p> </p>
Line Breaks inserted into a web document using the <br> tag
Opportunity Line Breaks added with the <wbr> tag before long lines of continuous text, such as a web url to tell the browser that if a line break is needed, it should be here. If a line break is not needed, the browser will ignore the tag
Horizontal Rule draw a horizontal line or divider on your web page; <hr>
<strong> Bolds text
<em> Italicizes text
encapsulate when tags surround the text that they are formatting; If more than one tag is formatting the text, then the closing tags must be written in reverse order from how they were opened.
Block elements define the container elements and structure of a web page
Inline elements will not change the layout and are are used to format small areas of content, such as individual letters, words, or a sentence at the most
attribute used to define an inline style sheet for a single element on a web page
inline style sheet consists of the style attribute, with a property and value
style rule A single property/value combination
colon : -- used to create an inline style sheet style rule
hexadecimal format receded by the # sign and then defined by adjusting the intensity of red, green, and blue to create other colors
color: style property accept any of the standard color names, or the RGB (hexidecimal) color codes
background-color: style property used to apply a background color to any of the block or inline elements
special characters Web browsers use these to create characters that would otherwise be ignored or interpreted as something else on your web page, or are not represented on the keyboard such as a copyright symbol
.html or .htm file extension will tell the web browser that the file is a web page document and it should open it as such
cross browser compatible A web page that performs the same in all browsers
progressive enhancement a web site is designed to provide the necessary content to all browsers at the most basic level, but visitors using the latest browsers will receive a more enhanced presentation of the content
Created by: kristijoyner