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12 Principles-Anim.

The 12 principles of animation

TermDefinition
Anticipation This movement prepares the audience for a major action the character is about to perform, such as, starting to run, jump or change expression. Examples are a pitcher's wind-up or a golfers' back swing.
Appeal Corresponds to what would be called charisma in an actor. A character who is not necessarily sympathetic – villains or monsters can also fall under this principle – the important thing is that the viewer feels the character is real and interesting
Arcs Most actions follow a slightly circular path. This is especially true of the human figure and the action of animals. Give animation a more natural action and better flow. Examples are a pendulum swinging, arm movement, head turns and even eye movements.
Exaggeration This principle describes an action that remains true to reality, just presenting it in a wilder, more extreme form
Follow Through and Overlap The action that follows the main action; actions do not stop at the same time.
Secondary Actions This action adds to and enriches the main action and adds more dimension to the character animation, supplementing and/or re-enforcing the main action.
Slow In and Slow Out Principle with more drawings near the beginning and end of an action, emphasizing the extreme poses, and fewer in the middle. Most objects need time to accelerate and slow down, this principle softens the action, making it more life-like
Solid Drawing This principle means taking into account forms in three-dimensional space, or giving them volume and weight. The animator needs to be a skilled artist and has to understand the basics of 3D shapes, anatomy, weight, balance, light and shadow, etc
Squash and Stretch Gives the illusion of weight and volume to a character as it moves. It is used in all forms of character animation from a bouncing ball to the body weight of a person walking. Will be used the most often.
Staging Its purpose is to direct the audience's attention, and make it clear what is of greatest importance in a scene. This can be done by the placement of a character in the frame, the use of light and shadow, or the angle and position of the camera
Straight Ahead Versus Pose to Pose One means drawing out a scene frame by frame from beginning to end, while the other involves starting with drawing a few key frames, and then filling in the intervals later
Timing This principle makes objects appear to obey the laws of physics; for instance, an object's weight determines how it reacts to an action, like a push. Critical for establishing a character's mood, emotion, and reaction.
Created by: rsolis03ahs