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WEBD101

Final Exam

TermDefinition
A network that covers a wider area, such as several buildings or cities. WAN
Web pages are text files written in this language. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
HTML allows you to divide an image into different zones, or_______, each linked to a different destination. hot-spots
CSS also allows RGB values to be entered as ________numbers. hexadecimal
The ___________ property defines how browsers should handle white space in the rendered document. white-space
Only_______ caption is allowed per Web table. one
The _______ appends the form data to the end of the URL specified in the action attribute get method
________ keys can be used with hyperlinks and are particularly helpful to users with impaired motor skills. Access
Each browser has its own__________ that specifies the appearance of different HTML elements. Internal style sheet
In a(n)___________list, the list items are in no particular order. unordered
A(n)__________path provides a precise location for a file within the entire folder structure of a computer. Absolute
A URL, short for_________________, specifies a precise location on the web for a file. Uniform Resource Locator
_____________units are units that are fixed in size regardless of the device rendering the web page. Absolute
If____________elements are floated in the same direction, they stack up, creating a row of elements each aligned with the margin of the previous element. sibling
The border attribute does not control the width of __________grid lines. internal
Most browsers display table headings in a(n)_________font, centered within the table. bold
You can organize columns into __________and format one or more entire column with a single style declaratory attribute. column group
Cell_________refers to the space between the cell contents and the cell border. padding
The input type="_____________"displays an option button. radio
Selection lists are used for long lists of options, usually appearing in a(n)_______list box. drop down
Adding the _________________ attribute to the <select> tag allows multiple selections from a list. multiple
Pseudo-Class_______controls elements whose values fail validation test. in range
The width-to-height ration of a video frame is also referred to as the ________ratio. aspect
metropolitan area network MAN
Local area network LAN
A computer that manges one or more printers. Print
A computer and storage device dedicated to storing files. Any user on the network can store files on the server. File
A web server is a program that uses or hypertext transfer protocol to serve the files that form web pages to users in response to their requests, which are forwarded by their computers' HTTP clients. Web
a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in markup language. Cascading Style Sheet
Functions of W3C the w3c is an international community where members and the public work together to develop web standards.
Web page programming environments notepad ++ Aptana notepad ConText UltraEdit
this tag defines a set of navigation links, intended only for major blocks of navigation links <nav>
this tag defines a footer for a document or section and typically contains authorship info, copyright info, contact, sitemap, back to top links, and related documents. <footer>
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code is binary code for alphabetic and numeric characters that IBM developed for its larger operating systems. EBCDIC
American Standard Code for Information Interchange is a character coding standard, that represents text in computers, telecommunications equipment and other devices. ASCII
a positional numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16, that uses 16 distinct symbols most often the symbols 0-9 to represent values zero to 9, and ABCDEF or abcdef to present values 10 to 15. Hex
an object-oriented computer programming language commonly used to create interactive effects within web browsers. JavaScript
display pictures in a web page <img src="url" alt="some_text" style="width:width;height:height;">
Relative versus absolute paths relative paths do not include in the address absolute values do have http in their URL. When a relative link is clicked the page is found by looking for the location relative to the page where the link appears. An absolute path uses a precise URL.
Makeup of a URL Protocol = = www.name.com Port = :80 Path to the file = /path/to/myfile.html Parameters = ?kety1=value1&key2=value2 Anchor = #SomewhereInTheDocument
Internet-based servers FTP telnet news
create an image map within a web page <img src="planets.gif" width="145" height="126" alt="Planets" usemap="#planetmap"> <map name="planetmap"> <area shape="rect" coords="0,0,82,126" href="sun.htm" alt="Sun"> <area shape="circle" coords="90,58,3" href="mercur.htm" </map>
create a hotspot within a web page <map name="ScriptHTML"> <area shape="rect" coords="6,4,93,38" href="HTML-introduction.asp"> </map>
Differences between the different versions of CSS CSS3 - contains new modules like slectors, box model, backgrounds and borders, and text effects. contains the old CSS specification which has been split into smaller pieces, called modules. CSS2 - a single document.
Differences between the different versions of HTML HTML 2.0 is the classic or first version. constituted almost all the elements but lacked the extensions for netscape and microsoft. HTML 3.2 never implemented HTML 4.0 a SGML application which had style sheets HTML4.0.1 current official version
How do we designate colors in – CSS – HTML you can use the color name or HEX
What is the first statement before any style rules the selector
How do we use the class attribute and why do we use it? the class attribute specifies one or more classnames for an element. The class attribute is mostly used to point to a class in a style sheet.
How do we use alphabetical markers in lists <ol type="A"> or <ol type="a">
Definition of background position values The background-position property in CSS allows you to move a background image (or gradient) around within its container.
What is the difference between absolute and relative positioning? relative positioning = "relative to itself" If you set position: relative; on an element absolute = This is a very powerful type of positioning that allows you to literally place any page element exactly where you want it.
What is a pseudo-element A CSS pseudo-element is used to style specified parts of an element. For example, it can be used to: Style the first letter, or line, of an element. Insert content before, or after, the content of an element.
How do we resize tables <table width="400">
What is the definition of the <pre> tag The <pre> tag defines preformatted text. Text in a <pre> element is displayed in a fixed-width font (usually Courier), and it preserves both spaces and line breaks.
Describe the use of cell padding and cell spacing CELLSPACING controls the space between table cells. CELLPADDING sets the amount of space between the contents of the cell and the cell wall.
Describe the differences between colspan and rowspan The attributes COLSPAN ("how many across") and ROWSPAN ("how many down") indicate how many columns or rows a cell should take up.
How do we use frames? – Are they still used today most designers avoid using frames and HTML 4.01 does not support frames. The main issue in using frames is to ensure that URLs keep working.
What is a cell A table cell is one grouping within a chart table used for storing information or data. Cells are grouped horizontally (rows of cells) and vertically (columns of cells)
form element - Text entry <input type="text"> defines a one-line input field for text input
form element -Password <form action="action_page.php"> Username: <input type="text" name="user"> Encryption: <keygen name="security"> <input type="submit"> </form>
form element - Checkbox <form action="demo_form.asp"> <input type="checkbox" name="vehicle" value="Bike"> I have a bike<br> <input type="checkbox" name="vehicle" value="Car" checked> I have a car<br> <input type="submit" value="Submit"> </form>
form element - Radio button <input type="radio" name="gender" value="other"> Other
form element - Drop-down selections <select name="cars"> <option value="volvo">Volvo</option> <option value="saab">Saab</option> <option value="fiat">Fiat</option> <option value="audi">Audi</option> </select>
form element - Text areas <textarea name="message" rows="10" cols="30"> The cat was playing in the garden. </textarea>
form element - Uploading files <form action="upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data"> Select image to upload: <input type="file" name="fileToUpload" id="fileToUpload"> <input type="submit" value="Upload Image" name="submit"> </form>
HTML version _____added interactive elements including web forms. 2.0
The document ______is not displayed within the page but is usually displayed in a browsers title bar or on a browser tab title
to create a link to an anchor use the _____attribute. anchor
A(n)____path specifies the location for a file in relation to the folder containing the current web document. relative
In the URL the id/anchor name is _________. #majors
_________servers can store files that internet users can download, or transfer, to their computers. FTP
Yellow has the triplet______. (255,255,0)
A typeface that mimics handwriting with highly stylized elements and flourishes, best used in small doses for decorative page elements, is ______. cursive
A typeface in which a a small ornamentation appears at the tail end of each character is _______. serif
Terry is building a website and wants to have three main links called home, product info, and contact us. She will create a hierarchy of page elements and revise the style sheets. Using Terry's three pages, the home page contains two____elements. child
Webkit, Mozilla, and Presto support similar extensions that mirror the _____background-size and background-clip properties. CSS3
To stack elements, you can use the ______style. z-index
Pre-formatted text is displayed by the browser in a _______font. monospace
The _______attribute allows you to determine which sides of the table will have borders. frame
_______supports caption-side values of left and right to place the caption directly to the left or right of a web table Firefox
information entered into a field is called the field _______. value
The placeholder automatically disappears as soon as a user selects the _______box. input
To group option buttons so that selecting one deselects all of the others, you must make the _____attribute the same. name
The _____control element is used to create a custom button. command
Large sound and video files cause the most trouble for users with low-_______connections. bandwidth
Each team member has a picture and a video. To set it up so that either the video or the picture displays they could use a _____if they knew their audience uses IE. conditional comment
Created by: sweetand1337