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YGK Jewish Holidays

QuestionAnswer
Celebrated on the first and second days of Tishrei, it marks the beginning of the Jewish year. It is believed that on this day, people's souls are judged, and God "temporarily" decides their fate. Rosh Hashanah
Between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, the ______________________________, are the Ten Days of Repentment, when people are given a chance to reflect and repent. Day of Atonement
Between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, are the ______________________________, when people are given a chance to reflect and repent. Ten Days of Repentment
On this holiday, , it is customary to wear white clothes and eat apples, honey, and pomegranates Rosh Hashanah
Other customs include the blowing of the shofar (an instrument made from a ram's horn) and the ceremony of Tashlich, in which Jews throw bread crumbs into running water to symbolize the cleansing of their sins, is also performed. Rosh Hashanah
Instrument made from a ram's horn; blown during Rosh Hashanah Shofar
Ceremony in which Jews throw bread crumbs into running water to symbolize the cleansing of their sins, is also performed during Rosh Hashanah Tashlich
Celebrated on the tenth day of Tishrei, it is the Jewish Day of Atonement. Yom Kippur
At the end of this holiday, it is believed that one's fate is sealed. Jews are required to abstain from eating, drinking, washing, and sex. Forbidden fashions include jewelry, makeup, and leather shoes. Yom Kippur
One traditionally wears white clothes to symbolizing purity from sin. In the afternoon, the Book of Jonah is read. Yom Kippur
A full day of prayers begins with the Kol Nidre, an ancient incantation that forgives Jews from vows or promises unwittingly made during the past year. As on Rosh Hashanah, the shofar is blown Yom Kippur
On Yom Kippur, this book is read during the afternoon Book of Jonah
Celebrated on the 15th of Tishrei, it commemorates the booths that the Israelites lived in following the Exodus from Egypt; it also celebrates the harvest. Sukkot (meaning booth)
Traditionally, Jews build booths, in which they live and eat for seven days. In synagogue, four symbolic species (the palm, the etrog [a large yellow citrus], myrtle, and willow) are waved in seven directions. Sukkot
Each night, in the sukkah, it is traditional to invite a Biblical figure to be your guest for that night. Sukkot
This festival lasts for 8 days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev (the third month). Hanukkah
It is traditional to light the eight-branched Menorah each night and spin the dreidel. Exchanging presents is only a recent tradition developed in the U.S. Hanukkah
It celebrates the victory of the small Maccabee army against the large Greek army of Antiochus, as well as the recapture and purification of the Temple in Jerusalem (ca. 168 BC). Hanukkah
Celebrated on the 14th of Adar (the sixth month) and commemorating the victory of the Jews, led by Esther and Mordechai, against Haman, who tried to destroy the Jews because of his anger at Mordechai. Purim
The story, recorded in the Book of Esther (read from a one-handed scroll called a megillah), takes place in Shushan, the capital city of the kingdom of the Persian King Ahasueras. Purim
Onthis holiday, it is traditional to dress up, get drunk, give charity, eat triangular pastries called hamentaschen, and exchange gifts (Mishloach Manot) with friends. Purim
Celebrated for seven days beginning on the 15th day of Nissan (the seventh month), it commemorates the Exodus from Egypt. It is also the ancient Hebrew New Year (superceded in that role by Rosh Hashanah). Passover (or Pesach)
On the first two days, Jews have a festival dinner called a seder, where they retell the story of the Exodus, from a book called a hagaddah. Passover (or Pesach)
Jews are required to abstain from eating or owning leavened bread for the duration of the festival; matzah (usually a square flat unleavened bread) is eaten instead. Passover (or Pesach)
On Passover, the Song of Songs is recited. Passover also begins a cycle of seven weeks, called the Omer, a period of semi-mourning. Passover (or Pesach)
Celebrated on the sixth day of Sivan (the ninth month), the 50th day of the Omer, after Passover; this holiday means "weeks," hence the name Pentecost. Shavu'ot
It commemorates the giving of the Torah to the Israelites at Mt. Sinai, as well as the beginning of the harvest in ancient Israel. Shavu'ot
Sukkot, Passover, and Shavu'ot are the three pilgrimages, when Jews would all gather at the Temple each year; on Shavu'ot, Jews would dedicate their first harvest fruits to the Temple. Shavu'ot
The Book of Ruth is read in synagogue on Shavu'ot, and it is traditional to study all night on this festival. Shavu'ot
This is a day of mourning for the destructions of both the First and Second Temples. It is traditional to fast and to keep oneself in a solemn mood. The Ninth of Av
The Book of Lamentations and the Book of Job are read, traditionally while sitting on the floor and with candles as the only lights, as Jews are supposed to refrain from physical comfort. The Ninth of Av
Book that is read in synagogue during Shavu'ot Book of Ruth
Books read during the Ninth of Av The Book of Lamentations and the Book of Job
Festival dinner during Passover Seder
Book that retells the story of Exodus, read during Passover Hagaddah
A square, flat unleavened piece of bread eaten during Passover matzah
a period of semi-mourning related to Passover Omer
Created by: Mr_Morman