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YGK African Water

YGK African Bodies of Water

QuestionAnswer
Usually cited as the longest river in the world, it flows about 4,132 miles in a generally south-to-north direction from its headwaters in Burundi to Egypt's Mediterranean Sea coast, where it forms a prototypical delta. Nile
Over 80% of the it's flow comes from the shorter Blue headstream, which arises from Ethiopia's Lake Tana and meets the longer White, whose headwaters include Lake Victoria, at Khartoum. Nile
At the first of its cataracts is the Aswan High Dam, which forms Lake Nasser and greatly reduces the annual floods. Nile
Africa's second-longest river, it flows in a counterclockwise arc some 2,900 miles to the Atlantic Ocean. Congo
Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness depicts the often cruel conditions this river's basin endured as a Belgian colony. Congo
The upper part of this river's principal sources are the Lualaba, which rises in the DRC's Katanga province, and Zambia's Chambeshi River. Congo
Boyoma Falls (formerly Stanley Falls), a section of seven cataracts near Kisangani, marks the beginning of this river's proper. Congo
Forming the Malebo Pool near the world capitals of Kinshasa and Brazzaville, the Lower part of this river flows past Angola's Cabinda exclave as it enters the ocean. Congo
Weaving across southern Africa, it rises in eastern Angola, passes through Zambia, flows along the borders of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe, crosses through Mozambique, and enters the Indian Ocean's Mozambique Channel near Chinde. Zambezi
Namibia's Caprivi Strip was created to allow access this river. The Cabora Bassa & Kariba Dams form large lakes of the same name. Zambezi
The fact that this river separates Zambia and Zimbabwe is a classic trivia question. Zambezi
The most spectacular feature of this river is Victoria Falls, or Mosi-oa-Tunya ("the smoke that thunders"), which is over a mile wide and is the largest waterfall by flow rate in Africa. Zambezi
The most spectacular feature of the Zambezi River; it is a over a mile wide and the largest waterfall by flow rate in Africa Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya (smoke that thunders)
Africa's third-longest, it flows in a great clockwise arc through Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria before entering the Gulf of Guinea. Niger
The medieval Mali and Songhai Empires were centered on this river, whose course was mapped by Scottish explorer Mungo Park in the 1790s. Niger
In Nigeria, it receives the Benue River, its main tributary. Its' massive namesake delta, known for its fisheries, wildlife, and petroleum, is an area of increasing social unrest. Niger
Rising as the Crocodile (or Krokodil) River in South Africa's Witwatersrand region, it forms the Transvaal's border with Botswana and Zimbabwe, then crosses through Mozambique. Limpopo
Deforestation in Mozambique contributed to massive flooding of the Limpopo in 2000. Limpopo
Perhaps the most famous description of this river comes from Rudyard Kipling, who in "The Elephant's Child" referred to it as "the great grey-green, greasy river, all set about with fever-trees". Limpopo
Flows for about 1,000 miles from central Angola, through Namibia's Caprivi Strip, and into the Kalahari Desert of Botswana. Okavango
There, rather than flowing into the sea, it terminates in a massive inland swamp known as its namesake delta, an area that, especially during the wet season, teems with wildlife in an otherwise inhospitable region. Okavango
The world's second-largest freshwater lake by area, it lies along the Equator and is shared between Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania. Located on a plateau between two rift valleys, its lone outlet is the Victoria Nile, a precursor of the White Nile. Lake Victoria
Named by British explorer John Hanning Speke forthe then Queen, the introduction of the predatory Nile perch in the 1950s has caused environmental degradation, sending many native cichlid species into extinction. Lake Victoria
Africa's second-largest lake by area, it is also the second-deepest in the world, surpassed only by Lake Baikal. Due its extreme depth (over 4,700 feet), it contains seven times as much water as Lake Victoria. Lake Tanganyika
A source of the Lualaba River, it is shared by Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Zambia. On its Tanzanian shore is the town of Ujiji, at which Henry Morton Stanley "found" Dr. David Livingstone in 1871. Lake Tanganyika
Africa's third-largest lake by area and the southernmost of the Great Rift Valley lakes, it is wedged between the nations of Malawi, Tanzania, and Mozambique. Lake Malawi (or Lake Nyasa)
Fed by the Ruhuhu River, its lone outlet is the Shire River, a tributary of the Zambezi. it contains hundreds of species of endemic fish, especially cichlids. Lake Malawi (or Lake Nyasa)
The largest manmade lake, by area, in the world, it was created by the construction of Ghana's Akosombo Dam across the Volta River in the 1960s. Lake Volta
The lake covers the area where the Black Volta and White Volta rivers formerly converged. Lake Volta
The Akosombo Dam can provide over a gigawatt of power, enough to supply nearby aluminum smelters utilizing the energy-intensive Hall-Héroult process and the needs of the rest of the country. Lake Volta
Formerly Africa's 4th largest lake, its surface area has been reduced by over 90% since the 1960s due to droughts & diversion of water from such sources as the Chari River. Lake Chad
The lake is at the intersection of Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria, but most of the remaining water is in Chad and Cameroon. Lake Chad is very shallow and has no outlet, so seasonal rainfall causes large fluctuations in its area. Lake Chad
It is very shallow and has no outlet, so seasonal rainfall causes large fluctuations in its area. Lake Chad
The lake is at the intersection of Chad, Cameroon, Niger, & Nigeria, but most of the remaining water is in Chad & Cameroon. Lake Chad
An artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through its namesake isthmus. After 10 years of construction, it was officially opened on November 17, 1869. Suez Canal
Sea that separates Egypt and Saudi Arabia; thereby separating Africa from Asia. The sea that Moses separated according to the Old Testament of the Bible Red Sea
The strait that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. It separates Spain from Morocco and thereby separates Europe from Africa Strait of Gibraltar
the longest river in South Africa. It rises in the Drakensberg mountains in Lesotho, flowing westwards through South Africa to the Atlantic Ocean. Orange River (or Gariep River, Groote River, Senqu River)
A 1,086 km long river in West Africa that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean Senegal River
a major river in West Africa, running 1,130 kilometres from the Fouta Djallon plateau in north Guinea westward through Senegal and the Gambia to the Atlantic Ocean at the city of Banjul Gambia RIver
one of the African Great Lakes. It is Africa's seventh-largest lake, and the world's twenty-seventh largest lake by volume. On the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo Lake Albert
Formerly known as Lake Rudolf, is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley, in northern Kenya, with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia. Lake Turkana
It is the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake. By volume it is the world's fourth-largest salt lake Lake Turkana
A large gulf at the northern tip of the Red Sea, east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian mainland. Its coastline is divided between four countries: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia. Gulf of Aqaba
A bight off the West African coast, in the easternmost part of the Gulf of Guinea. It extends from the River Delta of the Niger in the north until it reaches Cape Lopez in Gabon. Bight of Biafra or the Bight of Bonny
Countries located at this bight are Nigeria (eastern coast), Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Island and Rio Muni), and Gabon (northern coast). Bight of Biafra or the Bight of Bonny
A bight on the western African coast that extends eastward for about 400 miles from Cape St. Paul to the Nun outlet of the Niger River. Bight of Benin
To the east it is continued by the Bight of Bonny (formerly Bight of Biafra). The bight is part of the Gulf of Guinea. The Republic of Benin and this bight were both named after the Benin Empire. Bight of Benin
a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea on the northern coast of Libya; it is also known as Gulf of Sirte or the Great Sirte or Greater Syrtis Gulf of Sidra
Created by: Mr_Morman