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YGK W. Europe Rivers

YGK Western European Rivers

Begins in the Swiss Alps, passes through Lake Constance (in German, the Bodensee) Rhine
It flows west along the German-Swiss border, then turns north to form part of the German-French border. The river then flows north & joins with the Meuse & Scheldt to enter the North Sea at a delta in the Netherlands. Rhine
Cities along its course include Basel, Strasbourg, Mainz, Bonn, Cologne, and Rotterdam, and tributaries include the Main, Mosel, and Ruhr Rhine
Has played a strategic role in most German conflicts since the time of the Gallic Wars, but was not established as an international waterway until the _______ Commission of 1815. Rhine
German myth tells of the Lorelei, a nymph who lured sailors on this river and to their deaths. Rhine
Though only the second-longest river in France (behind the Loire), it is of key importance, as it flows through Paris Seine
Along the way, it passes through Troyes, Fontainebleau, and Rouen. It is France’s chief transport waterway, along with its tributaries the Marne and Oise. Seine
Starting on the Plateau de Langres near Dijon, it weaves northwest for 485 miles to enter the English Channel near Le Havre Seine
Rising in east-central Spain, it flows west for roughly 645 miles to the Atlantic, passing through Lisbon, Portugal on the way. Tagus (or Tajo or Tejo)
The principal river of the Iberian Peninsula. Tagus (or Tajo or Tejo)
The cities of Toledo and Santarém are on this river, and hydroelectric dams on the river produce huge artificial lakes including the Sea of Castile. Tagus (or Tajo or Tejo)
One of Europe’s few major rivers to flow directly into the Mediterranean (via the Gulf of Lion), it originates in the Swiss Alps and flows into Lake Geneva. Rhone
It emerges at Geneva and flows south, passes through Lyon, Avignon, and Arles, and enters the sea just west of Marseille. At Arles, the river splits into “grand” and “petit” branches which encircle the island of Camargue. Rhone
The river’s valley is famous for its red wine, and because it is navigable for 300 miles, it is the key access route of southern France. Rhone
Most of this river is in Eastern Europe, but it begins in Germany’s Black Forest (or Schwarzwald) near Freiburg, crossing Bavaria before it enters Austria. Danube
In all, it passes through (or touches the borders of) 10 nations on its 1,785-mile course ending at the Black Sea. Chief tributaries include the Drava and Sava, and it passes through 4 national capitals: Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, and Belgrade. Danube
Formerly known as the Ister, it was often used to define a northern border for the Roman Empire. Danube
Italy’s longest river at 405 miles, it passes through Piedmont and Lombardy before entering the Adriatic 30 miles south of Venice. Po
It flows through Turin and Cremona, and it passes near Milan, Padua, Pavia, and Mantua. The river has a long history of floods, and the manmade levees called argini which protect towns and crops can exacerbate the floods. Po
Pollution, especially from Milan, is becoming a major environmental concern. Po
France’s longest river, it begins in the Cevennes range of southern France, flows north to the center of the country, then flows due west to the Bay of Biscay. Loire
Notable cities on the river include Nevers, Orleans, Blois, Tours, a& Nantes. "Last wild river in Western Europe." Many proposed dams on the river haven't been built because of opposition to the flooding of land and to interference with Atlantic salmon. Loire
Its' namesake valley is particularly known for its vineyards and for its châteaux, a collection of over 300 castles dating to the 16th and 17th centuries. Loire
At 230 miles, it is Ireland’s longest river. It flows from Lough Allen, and Loughs Ree and Derg are also on its course. Shannon
At Limerick, the river widens into its namesake estuary and runs for 50 more miles before it enters the Atlantic. A chief tributary is the Suck River. It does not pass through Dublin, although the Liffey does. Shannon
Peat bogs and marshes line the river for much of its course, and it is considered a dividing line between Ireland’s more cultivated east and wild west. Shannon
Along with the Neisse, this river forms the Germany-Poland border, as dictated at the Potsdam Conference in July and August of 1945. Oder
One of the largest rivers to enter the Baltic, it has been a major transport route for centuries. Ostrava in the Czech Republic and Breslau in Poland are on the river. Oder
Near its mouth is Stettin, which Churchill used as the northern terminus of his “Iron Curtain” (Trieste, in the South, is an Adriatic port not near a major river). Oder
At the mouth of this river are Usedom Island, Swinemuende, and Peenemuende, which were primary test sites for the German V-2 rocket in the 1940s. Oder
Running from Thames Head near Cirencester to an estuary near Southend in Essex, it is the principal river of England and flows through central London. Thames
The Houses of Parliament and the London Eye overlook the this river, as does Big Ben. Flowing through Reading, Oxford, and Swindon, it is prevented from flooding London by its namesake Barrier near the Isle of Dogs. . Thames
Though it is the longest river entirely in England, it trails the Severn (which also flows into Wales) as the longest river in the United Kingdom Thames
Longest river in the United Kingdom Severn
Along with the Oder, forms the Germany-Poland border Neisse
River that flows through Dublin Liffey
Created by: Mr_Morman