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OT Vocabulary/Terms

Dyskenisia involuntary; non-repetitive mvnt affecting distal/proximal/axillary<br> Basal ganglia disorder (Parkinson's, Huntington's)
Dystonia sustained abnormal posture that causes twisting and pain of muscles
Athetosis Involuntary writhing mvnt of the arm and hand; inadequate timing, force, accuracy of movement (CP)
Myoclonus brief, rapid contraction of muscles
Akinesia Impaired ability to initiate body movement
Ataxia Incoordination including tremors
Apraxia Inability to perform voluntary mvnt (probs in cortex of brain) <br> (use visualization techniques)
Athenosis difficulty with control and grading of mvnt pattern
ideomotor apraxia indv. can't imitate/follow movement on command even though they understand the task <br> (use general statements vs. step-by-step directions)
Dysarthria Slurred speech, slow difficult to produce and understand
Paresthesia abnormal sensation of the skin such as numb/tingling
Agnosia inability to recognize objects or people by vision
Dyspraxia Difficulty in planning/sequencing motor tasks
Alexia inability to understand written language
Akathesia Inability to sit still. State of restlessness due to urgent need for mvnt
Presbyopia decreased acuity
Anosognosia Form of neglect where indv. denies any deficits
Dysdiadochoknesia Impaired in ability to do rapid/alternating mvnt
Dyssynergia breakdown in mvnt due to joints being moved separately
Bradykinesia Slowing of mvnt patterns
Chorea Involuntary mvnt of the face
Hemiballismus unilateral chorea, violent, forceful mvnt of proximal muscles
convergence turning of the eyes inward to see an object close to the face
accomodation able to focus on far and short distances
Mobile Arm Support Requirements Adequate power from neck, trunk, shoulder girdle, or elbow muscles. Adequate motor control; 0-90 degrees PROM in shoulder flexion and abduction, as well as adequate PROM in internal and external rotation, elbow flexion, and pronation; trunk stability
preseveration Persistent focus on a previous topic or behavior after a new topic or behavior is introduced.
catharsis relieving of emotions by expressing one's feelings
suppression defense mechanism where a client diverts uncomfortable feelings into socially acceptable feelings (fear of an undesirable event to anticipation of a desirable event)
regression returning to an earlier stage of development to avoid tension or conflict (client becomes needy or childlike during period of stress)
displacement redirection of an emotion from one object to a similar but less threatening (child angry at parents displaces feelings towards little siblings)
projection attribution of unacknowledged characteristics or thoughts to others (someone who feels guilty interprets the statements of others as blaming him/her)
reaction formation switching of an unacceptable impulse into its opposite (hugging someone you would like to punch)
asthenia weakness