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GK 17


Although he is probably not now best remembered as an architect, which man's (1511-1574) best-known architectural work is the Uffizi Gallery in Florence? Vasari
Known for its small, square hamburgers called 'sliders', which American hamburger chain - founded in Wichita in 1921 - is generally credited as the first fast food chain in the USA? White Castle
Which is the only group of the periodic table which contains elements which are solid, liquid, and gas at room temperature? Halogens
Thought to have been the inspiration for the phoenix in Greek mythology, which ancient Egyptian deity - who takes the form of a grey heron - is said to have let out the cry that shattered the eternal silence and ushered light and life into the world? Bennu
Around 15,000 have been found - which small clay humanoid and animal figurines were made during Japan’s late Jōmon period (14,000 – 400 BC)? Dogu
Attended by Al Gore, which university in Nashville, Tennessee is named in honour of the famous shipping and railroad magnate who provided the university with its initial endowment? Vanderbilt University
Its large number of Soviet immigrants has led to it having more chess grandmasters per capita than any other city in the world. Which Israeli city is the largest city in the Negev Desert? Beersheba
Which Oscar-winning actress won an Emmy Award for her role as Marie Delphine LaLaurie in the third season of American Horror Story and was nominated for a Golden Globe for her role as Ethel Darling in the fourth season of the same show? Kathy Bates
Which spice mix - particularly associated with Morocco - with a three word name, plays a similar role in North African cuisine to that played by garam masala in Indian cuisine? Ras el Hanout
Currently under construction, and expected to open in 2018, the House of One will become the world's first religious structure to house a church, a mosque, and a synagogue. In which capital city is it being built? Berlin
In which novel do the doctors Slammer and Slasher appear? The Pickwick Papers
The islands of Elba and Giglio are the two largest in which group, off the coast of Italy? Tuscan Archipelago
The shield of the Teutonic Order features which colour cross on a white background? Black
Who wrote "Chéri in 1920 Colette
Who wrote "Children Of The New Forest"? Captain Marryat
Which Romanian-born German novelist, poet and essayist won the 2009 Nobel Prize for Literature? Herta Muller
Which Belarusian investigative journalist and non-fiction prose writer won the 2015 Nobel Prize for Literature? Svetlana Alexievich
In which geological epoch did the Paleolithic age occur? Pleistocene
The Zhoukoudian cave system, that has yielded many archaeological discoveries, including one of the first specimens of Homo erectus, is located SW of which major city? Beijing (site of discovery of 'Peking man')
Which hominid is currently believed to have been the first to master the use of fire? Homo Erectus
Which author and thinker placed every one of his children into a foundling hospital, despite being famous for a work describing a child's ideal education? Rousseau
On 23 July 1749, which author and thinker was arrested and imprisoned in the Vincennes for criticism of the French government - it was while walking to visit him that Rousseau had his idea that art and science caused moral degeneration? Diderot
Which two-word Latin phrase, means "of its (his, her, or their) own kind; in a class by itself; unique"? Sui generis
How is Rousseau's "Discourse On The Origins and Foundations of Inequality Among Men" also known? Second discourse
In which city was Jean-Jacques Rousseau born? Geneva
Whose 1690 work was "Second Treatise of Government"? John Locke
What is the famous opening sentence of "The Social Contract" by Rousseau? Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains
Which (c. 638 – c.558 BC) Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet is remembered for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in archaic Athens - he failed in the short term, yet he laid the foundations for Athenian democracy? Solon
Give a year in the life of John Stuart Mill. 1806-73
Which English political economist's (1772-1823) most famous work is his Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1817), and he is also credited with inventing the cost of production theory of value? David Ricardo
People of which nationality won every Nobel Prize awarded in 1976? USA
Which Prizes, estbalished in 1993, are awarded in four categories (Logic and Philosophy; Mathematics; Visual Arts and Musical Arts) and decided by committees of three of the Swedish Royal Academies? Rolf Schock Prizes
Much of his dramatic work depends on improvisation, which Italian actor-playwright, comedian, singer and left-winger won the 1997 Nobel Prize in Literature despite having authored few conventional permanent written works? Dario Fo
Which river flows through Hobart in Tasmania - there are several English rivers of the same name? Derwent
Which bridge features on the crest of Sunderland AFC? Wearmouth
Which river is formed at Launceston in Tasmania by the merging of the North Usk and South Usk - there is a river in the SW of England with the same name? Tamar
In which year was Nelson Mandela inaugurated as PM of South Africa? 1994
"Cinderella Rockafella" was a number one single in 1968 for Esther and Abi who? Ofarim
Michael Fassbender was nominated for a Best Actor Award for playing the title role in which 2015 film? Steve Jobs
Which British fashion designer was born in Nottingham in 1946? Paul Smith
Manuel II, was, in 1910, which country's last monarch? Portugal
What is the subject of the website TMZ (Thirty Mile Zone)? Celebrity/showbiz news
Who played Marshal Matt Dillon in the US TV series, Gunsmoke, that ran for 20 years? James Arness
Taking place on the last Sunday of January every year since 1920 which Vincennes race is harness racing's most prestigious? Prix D'Amerique
Probably the artist's second best-known work, Self-Portrait with Death Playing the Fiddle is an 1873 painting by whom? Arnold Böcklin
By some measures the rainiest city in the world, Buenaventura (pop. 360,000) is which country's largest Pacific port? Colombia
Particularly focussing on the cultures of Bali, Java, and Saharan Morocco, The Interpretation of Cultures (1973) was listed by the TLS as one of 100 the most important publications since WW2. It is a collection of essays by which US anthropologist? Clifford Geertz
Briefly the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate between 796 and 809 under the reign of Caliph Harun al-Rashid, which Syrian city, on the north bank of the Euphrates, once served as the de facto capital of Islamic State? Raqqah or Al-Raqqah
What nationality is the racing cyclist Jolanda Neff, who, in 2015, became the first ever gold medal-winner at the European Games by virtue of winning the cross country event at the inaugural competition in Baku? Swiss
Now one of the 60 most visited museums in the world, the Museo Soumaya in Mexico City is named after Soumaya Domit, the wife of the museum's founder. Which man founded the museum in 1994? Carlos Slim
Whose works include "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals" (1785) and "Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone" (1793)? Immanuel Kant
In the Jungle Book, which species of animals raise Mowgli? Wolves
What was the one-word pseudonym of a feral child,oft cited in psychology studies, born 18/4/1957, who was a victim of severe neglect and social isolation, who was kept locked alone in her room until age 13, when she was rescued by Californian authorities? Genie
The Arabic word for 'light', what was the name given in Arabia to the Turkish soap opera Gümüş, originally filmed 2005-7, that became a pop-culture phenomenon when dubbed in Arabic language and is claimed to have altered gender roles in some Arab states? Noor
What was the World Record time for the 100m set on 16 August 2009 by Usain Bolt at the World Athletics Championships final in Berlin? 9.58s
In psychology, which two-word term refers to the tendency for people to perform differently when in the presence of others than when alone? Social facilitation
The first Canadian to legally break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, which retired sprinter once held the world record for the 100 metres race following his gold medal performance in the 1996 Olympic Games? Donovan Bailey
The case of Kitty Genovese is the most famous - what two word name has been given to the social psychological phenomenon that refers to cases in which individuals do not offer any means of help to a victim when other people are present? Bystander Effect
In the Famous Five stories, which child owns Timmy the dog? George/Georgina
Who was the Principal conductor of the Halle Orchestra from 1943 to 1970? Sir John Barbirolli
How is the WW1 Third Battle of Ypres (31 July to 6 November 1917) better known? Battle of Passchendaele
In which English county is England's lowest-lying point on land? Cambridgeshire
The Trial of the Pyx, the procedure in the United Kingdom for ensuring that newly minted coins conform to required standards, is held annually where? Goldsmith's Hall (Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths)
As of 2016, which Bury St Edmunds based company is the UK's largest pub retailer and brewer, listed on the FTSE 250? Greene King
With a population of 2700, which is the largest island off the coast of Ireland? Achill Island
Called "The Queen of Tejano Music" which artist was murdered by her friend and former employee Yolanda Saldivar in 1995? Selena
In 1996, Ricardo Lopez sent a bomb to which singer with whom he was obsessed, before shooting himself as the culmination of 22 hours of obsessive video diaries - the bomb was intercepted before it could do any harm? Bjork
How many rounds are there in an amateur boxing match? Four
Who defeated Mike Tyson in 1990 in one of the biggest sporting shocks of all time? James Buster Douglas
Which Ethiopian runner won a double at the 2008 Summer Olympics in the 5000m and 10000m; he also won the 2004 Olympic title over 10,000 m - as of May 2016 he holds the world record in the 5,000 metres and 10,000 metres events? Kenenisa Bekele
Yaroslav Rybakov won the 2002 European championships and 2009 World Championships in which athletics event? High jump
Steven Hooker, now retired, was an Australian athlete who won the 2008 Olympics gold medal, and 2009 World Championship gold, in which discipline? Pole vault
A which racecourse is the St Leger held? Doncaster
Which boxer (born 1954, murdered 2006) was the last man to fight Muhammad Ali, and the man from whom Mike Tyson won his first heavyweight crown - the WBC, in 1986? Trevor Berbick
Which boxer was nicknamed "The Easton Assassin" after his birthplace of Easton, Pennsylvania? Larry Holmes
Which of the 5 UK horse racing classics is run last in the calendar year? St Leger
Where is the 1000 Guineas horse race run? Newmarket
Which events comprise a modern pentathlon? Shooting, fencing, swimming, riding, running
Which man (1863-1937) devised both the Modern Olympics and the modern pentathlon? Pierre de Coubertin
At which Olympic Games did women first take part in the modern pentathlon? 2000
Which two people founded The English National Ballet? Dame Alicia Markova and Sir Anton Dolin
In which country was the artist Mark Rothko born, in 1903? Russia
The song "Sweet Thing" appears on which Van Morrison album, released in 1968? Astral Weeks
Which painter's "Ramsgate Sands" was bought by Queen Victoria? William Powell Frith
Who put on a 2008 art show called "Beautiful Inside My Head Forever"? Damien Hirst
Which controversial conceptual artists' works include "One Day You Will No Longer Be Loved III", "Death", "Insult to Injury" and "Sex"? Chapman Brothers
Which architect designed the European Court of Human Rights building? Richard Rogers
In Lear's nonsense poem, who went to sea in a sieve? Jumblies
Whose successful plays include Absurd Person Singular (1975), The Norman Conquests trilogy (1973), Bedroom Farce (1975), Just Between Ourselves (1976), A Chorus of Disapproval (1984), Woman in Mind (1985) and A Small Family Business (1987)? Alan Ayckbourn
What is the meaning of the Russian newspaper's name "Izvestia"? "delivered messages"
In 1990, who won the FA Cup while competing outside the top division? West Ham United
Who was the first man to jump over eight foot in the men's high jump? Javier Sotomayor (Cuba)
The women-only international Bridge Team Championship is named after which European city? Venice (Venice Cup)
Which queen consort of England from 1486 until her death is reportedly the model for Queen playing cards? Elizabeth of York (consort of Henry VII)
In cricket, what other term do Australians use for extras? Sundries
Who became the first Ladies' football team in Europe to turn full-time professional in April 2000 but to semi-professional status three years later? Fulham Ladies
Which horse was the first that Ruby Walsh rode to victory in a Grand National? Papillon
In 2003, only one British man rode in the Tour de France - which Scot? David Millar
Which three events make up the US horse racing Triple Crown? Kentucky Derby; Belmont Stakes; Preakness Stakes
Which game, named after animals, involves skimming flat stones across water? Ducks and Drakes
In Russian history, how are the former monk Grigori Otrepyev - and several other men - better known? The False Dmitri
Polish peasant Franziska Schanzkowska took what name in her attempt to claim that she was a famous figure from history? (She wasn't) Anastasia Romanov/Anna Anderson
Which ancient rhetorician recorded a number of brilliant escapes in his Strategems of War (c2 AD)? Polyaenus
In 1825, Russian army officers led about 3,000 soldiers in a protest against Nicholas I's assumption of the throne after his elder brother Constantine removed himself from the line of succession in which uprising? Decembrist Uprising
What was Ann Frank's real, full first name? Annelise
Hydrated magnesium silicate is often used in the home- what is it Talcum Powder
Mary Leta Dorothy Sleighton of New Orleans, born December 10, 1914, is better known to posterity as whom? Dorothy Lamour
The coccyx bone takes its name from the Greek for which bird? Cuckoo
Who was the first British PM to appear in a live TV broadcast? Neville Chamberlain (returning from Munich)
Which language did Holy Roman Emperor Charles V famously speak to his horse in? German
Which popular game was named by Alexey Pajitnov for the number four and the sport of tennis? Tetris
'I have not told half of what I saw' were reportedly which explorer's last words? Marco Polo
Who was Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond's mother, if his father was Henry VIII? Elizabeth Blount
H Lewis Allways, P S Burton and Kenneth Miles were rejected suggestions for which more famous pseudonym? George Orwell
In the comedy radio show Band Waggon, Arthur Askey and Richard Murdoch allegedly lived in a tent on the roof of which building? Broadcasting House
"Boom Boom Pow" was a 2009 number 1 hit for which band? Black Eyed Peas
Which Swede did Roger Federer defeat in the final to win the men’s singles title at the 2009 French Open? Robin Soderling
What was the name of the Royal Navy aircraft carrier that was sunk by a German U-boat in the Mediterranean Sea on 14 November 1941? HMS Ark Royal
Which 2016 American romantic comedy film directed by Christian Ditter and written by Abby Kohn and Marc Silverstein, based on the novel of the same name by Liz Tuccillo? How To Be Single
In which 1993 film does John Goodman star as the fictional schlock-horror film director Lawrence Woolsey? Matinee
Who directed the films "They Shoot Horses, Don't They" and "Tootsie" - he was Oscar nominated for both, but his only win was for another film? Sydney Pollack (won for Out of Africa)
Which film won five Oscars at the 50th Oscar Ceremony in 1978, for films released in 1977? Annie Hall
Which BBC series featured a vampire, a werewolf and a ghost who shared a Bristol flat? Being Human
Who played Annie Hall in the film of the same name? Diane Keaton
What was the name of the character played by Liza Minelli in "Cabaret"? Sally Bowles
In which year was the film Blade Runner set? 2019
What was the name of Woody Allen's character in "Annie Hall"? Alvy Singer
In Genesis, Esau sells his firstborn rights to Jacob for what? Some stew
Apart from Cain and Abel, who else is named as Adam's son in the book of Genesis? Seth
In Genesis, who is the son of Cain? Enoch
The WW1 Battle of Coronel is named after a city in which country - the battle took place off the coast of this city? Chile
On 8 April 1904 the UK signed which agreement? Entente Cordiale with France
The secret Triple Alliance signed on 20 May 1881 was between which three countries? Germany, Austro-Hungary and Italy
In Franz Lehar's opera, what is the name of "The Merry Widow"? Hanna Glaward
What fruit is slivovitz brandy made from? Plums
Which beer was advertised as being "what your right arm's for"? Courage
Which product was once advertised in the UK as "good to the last drop"? Maxwell House
In cooking the term "Robert" in the name of a dish denotes the presence of what? Mustard
Bono of U2 got his stage name from a store selling what? Hearing Aids
Which work, BWV 1080, by JS Bach remained unfinished at his death? Art of Fugue
What is the only word spoken in Mel Brooks film "Silent Movie", said by Marcel Marceau? Non
Tripper's Day was a badly received sitcom in the UK, noteable for being whose last role - he died between episodes 2 and 3? Leonard Rossiter
William Hartnell's only Carry On appearance was in which film? Carry On Sergeant
Kirk Alyn played which well-known character in a 1948 movie serial - the first of many actors to play the role? Superman
Which role in the 1977 film "Star Wars" nearly went to Christopher Walken? Han Solo
Jenny Flex is a Bond girl in which movie? A View To A Kill
What was John Wayne's real name? Marion Morrison
Who played female lead 'Wendy' in Kubrick's "The Shining"? Shelley Duvall
Who directed cult film "Ferris Bueller's Day Off"? John Hughes
The Simpsons first made their debut on whose eponymous show? Tracey Ullman
In which county is Woburn Abbey? Bedfordshire
Bedford stands on which river? River Great Ouse
How is the island of Kerkira better known in the UK? Corfu
Which city was known as Lindum to the Romans? Lincoln
Which 12th century cathedral is situated six miles from Newark-on-Trent and thirteen miles from Mansfield? Southwell Minster
What name is given to a shallow arched gallery within the thickness of an inner wall, above the nave of a church or cathedral? Triforium
In which state of the USA is Mount Washington, where a windspeed of 231 miles per hour (372 km/h) was recorded at the summit in 1934, the world record for most of the 20th century? New Hampshire
Sapo National Park is the largest protected area of rainforest and, as of 2016, the only national park in which country? Liberia
In which country is the Eucumbene Dam? Australia (NSW)
What was the name of Hong Kong's airport until 1998? Kai Tak Airport
Which French aristocrat (1816-1882) is today most remembered for developing the theory of the Aryan master race and helping to legitimise racism by scientific racist theory and racial demography, writing "On The Inequality Of The Human Races"? Arthur de Gobineau
Houston Stewart Chamberlain, an Englishman who published overtly racist books on racist theory in the late 19th century, was the son-in-law of which composer? Richard Wagner
Which Jewish composer wrote the operas "Robert le diable" (1831), Les Huguenots (1836) and Le prophète (1849), and was one of the most successful stage composers of the 19th century? Giacomo Meyerbeer
Richard Wagner was the music director of which city's Opera from 1843 to 1849? Dresden
In which city was Richard Wagner born in 1813? Leipzig
Ironically, the son of a rabbi, which Jew was a friend of the anti-Semitic Richard Wagner, and conducted his orchestra in Bayreuth? Hermann Levi
Which philosopher wrote 1818's "The World As Will And Idea"? Schopenhauer
What was Richard Wagner's last opera? Parsifal
What was the name of "Emile's" fictional ideal partner in "Emile, or an Education" by Jean-Jacques Rousseau? Sophie
What name was given to the French civil code established in 1804, very influential on developing countries inside and outside of Europe that were attempting to modernize their countries through legal reforms, is still the basis of French law codes today? Code Napoleon/Napoleonic Codes
The fourth instalment of which video game series was set in the fictional country of Kyrat in the Himalayas region? Far Cry 4
Completed in 1160, which Vienna tourist attraction is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienna and the seat of the Archbishop of Vienna? St Stefan's Cathedral/Stephansdom
Important in the development of theories of the unconscious and psychoanalysis, how was the patient Bertha Pappenheim (1859-1936) anonymised by Josef Breuer? Anna O
How is the town on Northern Crete's coast formerly called Candia now known? Heraklion
In which town or city in the UK is the Ashmolean Musuem? Oxford
In the early 1880s a Cretan farmer chanced upon pottery fragments, later excavated by Arthur Evans, that turned out to be the first indications of the archaeological site of which ancient city? Knossos
The primary script used in palace and religious writings of the Minoan civilization, which script, discovered by Arthur Evans, remains undeciphered as of 2016? Linear A
The palace at Knossos is believed to have corresponded to which location in the Odyssey of Homer? Labyrinth
Which early Dutch geneticist introduced the word "mutation"? Hugo Marie de Vries
Which Scottish physicist's most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as manifestations of the same phenomenon? James Clerk Maxwell
Who wrote "The French Lieutenant's Woman"? John Fowles
Which playwright wrote "The Jew of Malta"? Marlowe
Which author wrote "The Long Goodbye" in 1953? Raymond Chandler
What was Dan Brown's first novel after "The Da Vinci Code"? The Lost Symbol
Who wrote the poem "The Village Blacksmith" in 1840? Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Give a year in the life of the painter Canaletto. 1697-1768
Which painter and French customs official painted "The Hungry Lion"? Rousseau
Who painted 1889's "The Yellow Christ", a landmark in symbolist painting? Gauguin
Which artist, considered a Pre-Raphaelite, painted "April Love", first exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1856? Arthur Hughes
The painter George William Joy was born in which country? Ireland
Who was the Japanese Prime Minister from 1941-1944 who was later executed for war crimes? Hideki Tojo
Which New Wave group did Boy George leave in order to form Culture Club? Bow Wow Wow
Which American physicist of Spanish descent, born in 1911, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1968 and was the first scientist to propose that dinosaurs became extinct as a result of a giant meteor impact with Earth? Luis Walter Alvarez
What does a copoclephilist collect? Keyrings
Before becoming Prime Minister, of which governmental department was Jim Hacker the minister in 'Yes, Minister'? Department of Administrative Affairs
Which of Shakespeare's plays opens with the line, "Proceed, Solinus, to procure my fall"? The Comedy of Errors
Which was the only one of Sigmund Freud's children to become a psychoanalyst? Anna
Which French dessert, often served at weddings, is a high cone of profiteroles bound with caramel and decorated with chocolate and has a name meaning 'crunch in the mouth'? Croquembouche
Who (1825-93) was known as "the father of modern neurology", and was influential in psychiatry's development, his name being associated with at least 15 medical eponyms, including another term for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease? Jean-Martin Charcot
Located at the Southern end of the Mariana Trench, what is the name given to the deepest point in the Pacific Ocean? Challenger Deep
Whose first novel was 1894's "Almayer's Folly"? Joseph Conrad
Which character is "Kidnapped2 in Robert Louis Stevenson's novel? David Balfour
A 1897 punitive expedition by a UK force of 1,200 under Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, in response to the defeat of a previous British-led invasion force under General Philips (which had left all but 2 men dead) attacked and destroyed which W African nation? Benin
Married 1959-1964 who was Liz Taylor's fourth husband? Eddie Fisher
Which American indie rock band from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, formed in 2005, have released the albums "Wagonwheel Blues", "Slave Ambient" and "Lost in The Dream"? The War on Drugs
What are the last four words spoken by Kurtz in the novel "Heart of Darkness"? "The horror! The horror!"
Who is the hero and narrator of "Heart of Darkness"? Marlow
Who was Liz Taylor's fifth of seven husbands, and the one she was married to for the longest period of time? Richard Burton
In which decade did Baron Haussmann start his work of remodelling Paris with his signature wild boulevards? 1850s
Biblically, who demanded the head of John the Baptist? Salome
What is the name of the town in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy, famous for its orange-throwing festival? Ivrea
Which word, that derives ultimately from the Slavonic for 'highwayman', has been used to refer to certain types of cavalry throughout Europe since the 15th Century and is present, to this day, in the names of two British regiments? Hussar
Jim Jones founded which church, 914 of whose members committed suicide in the jungle of Guyana in 1978? People's Temple
Which composer wrote the 1905 opera "Salome"? Richard Strauss
Wassily Kandinsky, Alexej von Jawlensky, Marianne von Werefkin, Franz Marc, August Macke and Gabriele Münter were founder members of which 1911-14 artistic group? Der Blaue Reiter
Sometimes compared to the Fauves for their shared interest in primitivism, which artistic group was founded in 1905 by Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff? Die Brucke (The Bridge)
Which composer married Mathilde von Zemlinsky in 1901? Schoenberg
Which song, released in June 1964 and with a melody taken from a traditional ballad, was the first UK number 1 single to have a playing time of over 4 minutes? House of the Rising Sun (The Animals)
The Hawaiian swimmer Duke Kahanamoku, who won the 100m freestyle gold medal at the 1912 and 1920 Olympic Games, is considered the inventor of which sport? Surfing
The artistic group Les Nabis took their name from the word "prophet" in which language? Hebrew
In the early 20th century, Vienna, Berlin and Munich all had art movements that comprised the name of the city followed by which word? Secession
"Woman With A Hat" and "The Green Stripe" were provocative 1905 modernist works by which artist Henri Matisse
Which critic coined the name "Fauves", or "wild beasts" to describe the art of Matisse, Derain, de Vlaminck et al? Louis Vauxcelles
Which artist's last great series, of 1904-5, was "The Bathers"? Paul Cezanne
What was the name of The Addams Family's pet octopus? Aristotle
In the novel 'Gulliver's Travels' by Jonathan Swift what was Gulliver's first name? Lemuel
In the TV series what was "Columbo"'s first name? Frank
Which anthropologist released the famous "The Golden Bough", identifying similarities between cultures worldwide? James Frazer
According to Islam, what is the name of the bridge, narrower than a spider's thread and sharper than a sword, that good Muslims will cross on the Day of Judgement to enter Paradise? Al-Sirat
Purple, black, red, white, and yellow varieties exist of which vegetable, where the taproot is eaten - official statistics compiled by the The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations of its production bundle it with turnips, however? Carrots
Which political theorist established the Italian Communist Party and spent much of his life in jail where he wrote his most famous works called 'The Prison Notebooks'? Antonio Gramsci
Which huge aquatic reptile of the Jurassic period, with a name meaning 'smooth-sided tooth,' was once thought to be the largest carnivore ever to have lived, but it is now believed that reports of its size were inaccurate? Liopleurodon
What were the names of the two American athletes who performed the infamous Black Power salutes during the playing of the American National anthem after each had won a medal in the 200m at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City? Tommie Smith and John Carlos
Georges Braque was born in which port city? Le Havre
Which critic coined the term 'cubism', initially as an insult? Louis Vauxcelles
In the 1944 film 'National Velvet', starring Elizabeth Taylor, what was the name of the horse ridden to victory in the Grand National? The Pie
Which French artist who, with his wife Sonia and others, cofounded the Orphism art movement, noted for its use of strong colours and geometric shapes? Robert Delaunay
Which Czech painter and graphic artist was a pioneer and co-founder of the early phases of the abstract art movement and Orphic cubism (Orphism) - his abstract works arose from a base of realism, but later evolved into pure abstraction? František Kupka
What nationality was Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, considered one of the pioneers of 20th century abstract art? Lithuanian
In what field was Alfred Stieglitz a famous name? Photography
Which educator and philosopher founded 1896's "Laboratory School" in Chicago? John Dewey
At 21 stories, and built in 1903, what work by Daniel Burnham is usually considered New York's first skyscraper? Flatiron Building
Considered to have coined the term "form follows function" which "father of the skyscraper"'s works include Buffalo's Prudential Building and St Louis' Wainwright Building, although he died an alcoholic? Louis Sullivan
What was first used commercially in 1889 in the Demarest Building in New York? Elevator
The Larkin Administration Building, completed in 1904 but torn down in 1950, was a Frank Lloyd wright building in which US city? Buffalo
The Fort Peck Dam in Montana is the highest of six major dams along which river? Missouri
In what year did Bertrand Russell die, aged 97? 1970
Which university college was attended by Bertrand Russell? Trinity, Cambridge
Which Italian painter, born in 1721, is best remembered for his paintings of Venice and Warsaw, the latter being considered so accurate that they were used in the reconstruction of the Polish capital after the Second World War? Bernardio Bellotto
Which fruit is sometimes known in Asia as the 'Moon of the Faithful'? Apricot
Although originally slated to be Tallulah Bankhead - until she fell ill - who actually played "Jezebel" in the 1938 film? Bette Davis
Who directed the 1938 film "Jezebel"? William Wyler
Which 1954 Hitchcock classic starring Ray Milland and Grace Kelly was based on an earlier 1952 play by Frederick Knott? Dial M for Murder
Who played Blanche DuBois in the 1951 film "A Streetcar Named Desire"? Vivien Leigh
Who played Stanley Kowalski in the 1951 film "A Streetcar Named Desire"? Marlon Brando
Who directed the 1951 film "A Streetcar Named Desire"? Elia Kazan
What nationality was the man behind the famous 'inkblot test', Hermann Rorschbach? Swiss
The trees Euterpe edulis and Euterpe oleracea are the two main cultivars used to produce which vegetable harvested from their inner core and growing bud? Hearts of Palm
Hester Prynne is a character in which classic novel? Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter"
The bleeding-heart monkey is an alternative, if misleading, name for which species of primate found in the Ethiopian Highlands? Gelada Baboon
Which philosopher won the 1950 Nobel Prize for Literature? Bertrand Russell
Who invented the photographic paper Velox, which he then sold to Eastman Kodak at a handsome profit? Leo Baekeland
What nickname is given to a first-class mathematics degree recipient at Cambridge? Wrangler
Gottlob Frege was a famous name in which field? Mathematics
Which mathematician wrote A Treatise on Universal Algebra in 1898, Axioms of Descriptive Geometry in 1907 and Prinicipia Mathematica with Bertrand Russell? Alfred North Whitehead
Which medication and hormone was isolated by Jokichi Takamine in 1901? Adrenaline
Which fashion designer owned a famous cat called Choupette? Karl Lagerfeld
William Bayliss and Ernest Starling coined which word in 1905 after discovering secretin in 1902? Hormone
Dr Jean Alfred Fournier provided an extensive study of which disease, and stressed the importance of it being the cause of degenerative diseases? Syphilis
Chesapeake Bay lies in which two US states? Maryland and Virginia
Often abbreviated to HIS the words "hic iacet sepultus", seen on tombstones, are Latin for what? Here lies buried
The Second Barons War' was triggered by Henry III's rejection of which constitutional provisions, which sought to reform the common law and were named for which city, where the 1258 'Mad Parliament' was convened? Oxford
Michael Faraday named two laws for which synthetic process that Humphry Davis used to isolate potassium and sodium? Electrolysis
In the Hall-Heroult process, what lightweight metal is extracted from bauxite? Aluminium
Which Altered Images star was the love interest in "Gregory's Girl"? Clare Grogan
Section 3 of which 1983 UK Act of Parliament denies prisoners the vote? Representation of the People Acts
What is defined in the US as a crime punishable by death or by more than one year in prison? Felony
Which singer was born Henry John Deutschendorf? John Denver
Which town, internationally famed for a pasta sauce made of cured pork cheek, was all but destroyed in an August 2016 earthquake in Italy? Amatrice
Which city was historically, the home of pesto - it is the capital of Liguria? Genoa
For years known as the Gebi, the Menelik Palace is home to which country's Prime Minister? Ethiopia
Aden was the capital of which nation from 1967 to 1990? South Yemen
Stanislav Shushkevich became the first President of which of the former Soviet States in 1991? Belarus
In 1983, 'Only You' became the first a capella number 1 hit in the UK; which group recorded it? The Flying Pickets
What is the First Noble Truth of Buddhism? All is suffering (accept similar)
What name is given to the unsatisfactory cycle of life in Buddhism? Samsara
The Hawthorne Effect is type of reactivity in which individuals modify or improve an aspect of their behaviour in response to what? Being observed
Which Buddhist term, traditionally translated into English with the word enlightenment, although its literal meaning is closer to "awakening." It is also a name given to the tree where Buddha attained enlightenment. Bodhi
Which capital city was established in 1755 around the village of Dagon by King Alaungpaya? Yangon (Rangoon)
Which ethnic group from Myanmar, living mostly in the eponymous State, Bago Region, the Irrawaddy Delta and along the border of Thailand and Burma, were one of the earliest peoples to reside in SE Asia, and spread of Theravada Buddhism in Indochina? Mon
In the novel by Anne Brontë, what was the name of the Tenant of Wildfell Hall? Helen Graham
Which vegetable is the primary ingredient in the Sicilian vegetable spread called caponata? Aubergine
In Greek mythology, what was the name of the never-sleeping, hundred headed dragon that guarded the golden apples in the Garden of the Hesperides? Ladon
Which American country singer, who toured with her daughters as backing singers, was known as the 'Mother of Country Music'? Maybelle Carter
Which astronomic unit of measurement is equal to 3.26 light years? Parsec
In which French town was the first Winter Olympic Games held in 1924? Chamonix
Which composer wrote the scores for Sergei Eisenstein's films 'Ivan the Terrible' and 'Alexander Nevsky'? Prokofiev
Which talented but massively arrogant German-born portrait painter, who died in 1723 having painted every English monarch from Charles II to George II, stated that the world would have been a better place had God consulted him at the Creation? Godfrey Kneller
Which rich sauce made from egg yolks, butter, shallots, tarragon, chervil and wine vinegar is named after a region of South West France? Bearnaise
Which island off the westernmost tip of the Isles of Scilly is famous for its lighthouse and was once listed in 'The Guinness Book of Records' as the smallest island in the world? Bishop Rock
Who sung the 1966 song "Homeward Bound"? Simon and Garfunkel
Who was pronounced King of Scotland at Scone on St. Andrew's Day 1292? John Balliol
In which city was George Friederic Handel born? Leipzig
Who painted "The Tortoise Trainer", possibly the best-known work in Turkish painting? Osman Hamdi Bey
With a focus on Orientalism in 19th Century art, which art museum in the Tepebaşı quarter of the Beyoğlu (Pera) district in Istanbul, Turkey, is located at Meşrutiyet Avenue No. 65? Pera Museum
Dying in 624AD, who was the first Bishop of London and third Archbishop of Canterbury? St Mellitus
Which English dressmaker was hanged in 1873 for the murder of up to 20 people, including 3 husbands, by arsenic poisoning? Mary Ann Cotton
Which 14th century Provost of Paris built the Bastille, and promptly became the first person to be confined there after being placed on trial for heresy? Hugues Aubriot
After dismissal from the Royal Navy, which 19th century naval officer, nicknamed the 'sea wolf', served in the rebel navies of Chile, Brazil and Greece in their struggles for independence? Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald
The painter Giovanni Antonio Bazzi (1477-1549) was given what nickname on account of his supposed homosexuality? Il Sodoma
Taking place in 208-209AD, which decisive battle in China at the end of the Han dynasty, saw the forces of the warlord Cao Cao fail to conquer lands south of the Yangtse? Battle of Chibi/Battle of Red Cliffs
After whom is Pisa's airport named? Galileo Galilei
What is the world's least densely populated country? Mongolia
What is the world's most densely populated country? Monaco
Probably the most famous building in Petra, which structure is known in English translation as "The Treasury"? Al-Khazneh
Which two European nations have square flags? Switzerland, Monaco
Which man created the London Underground map in 1931? Harry Beck
Which card game, less commonly played post-WW2, was once the most popular type of gambling game in 19th century USA, and was also called "bucking the tiger" or "twisting the tiger's tail"? Faro
Æ, the letter in the Old English alphabet, shares its name with which tree? Ash
Which are the five original Cinque Ports? Hastings, New Romney, Hythe, Dover, Sandwich
Who narrated the BBC children's series "In The Night Garden..."? Derek Jacobi
Which actress married the playwright (so successful that he doesn't have a Wikipedia page) Nick Vivian in 1996? Jane Horrocks
The Descent from the Cross is the central panel of a triptych painted in 1612-14 by who - he later painted two wimilar paintings on the same theme? Rubens
The pharaoh Zoser, famous for his early "step pyramid" belonged to which of Egypt's dynasties? Zoser
The Great Hypostyle Hall is a well-visited monument at which Egyptian temple complex? Karnak
Which term in Classical architecture refers to the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns? Architrave
What name is given to the spiral, scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column? Volute
Who was the legendary wife of King Nimrod, mentioned in Genesis? Semiramis
Likely a conflation of several real historic personalities, rather than a genuine man, who - according to Hellenistic sources - founded the capital of Assyria? Ninus
According to legend, what was built by Nebuchadnezzar II for his Median wife, Queen Amytis, because she missed the green hills and valleys of her homeland? Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Narrowly missing out in 2009, how many times did Tom Watson win the Open? Five
In which year was the first Open championship? 1860
Where was the first Open championship held? Prestwick (1860)
Who was the last amateur winner of the Open? Bobby Jones (1930)
Who won the first Open championship? Willie Park Senior
The first Harry Ramsden restaurant was set up in 1928 in which small town in West Yorkshire? Guiseley
In which English seaside town would you find the De La Warr Pavilion? Bexhill
Which patriotic anthem, written by the American abolitionist and poet Julia Ward Howe in 1861, was popularised by the Unionists during the American Civil War? Battle Hymn of the Republic
Who was the ancient Greek river deity, eldest son of Oceanus and Thethys, who assumed the form of a bull and fought with Heracles for the love of Deianira? Achelous
Who was the US Democratic Presidential candidate who was left paralysed after he was shot in an assassination attempt in 1972? George Wallace
Which term was coined in 1954 by J. D. Scott, literary editor of The Spectator, to describe a group of writers including Philip Larkin, Kingsley Amis, Donald Davie, D. J. Enright, John Wain, Elizabeth Jennings, Thom Gunn, and Robert Conquest? The Movement
In Shakespeare's play "Henry V" who is famed for his red nose, and is eventually hanged for stealing from church? Bardolph
Which biographer married Margaret Drabble in 1982? Michael Holroyd
Which novelist founded "Gramophone" magazine? Compton MacKenzie
What term is used in ballet for "a traveling step starting in fifth position from demi-plié", a gliding movement? Glissade
Who wrote the novel "East of Eden" in 1952? Steinbeck
Who painted 1919's "Le Bassin De Nymphes"? Monet
What is the first name of Dr Doolittle in the books? John
Who wrote the Dr Doolittle books? Hugh Lofting
Lord Nigel Lawson is a former editor (1965-70) of which magazine? The Spectator
Who wrote the novel "The Counterfeiters"? Andre Gide
In which year did Marcel Proust die? 1922
What was the second part of "A La Recherché De Temps Perdu"? A l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleur (In the Shadow of Young Girls in Flower)
What was the third part of "A La Recherché De Temps Perdu"? Le Cote de Guermantes (Guermantes Coast)
Who wrote the 1916 opera-ballet "Renard"? Stravinsky
Myrtle Wilson is a character in which novel? The Great Gatsby
Who wrote the play "The Wild Swans at Coole"? WB Yeats
Which Ulysses character is called "Poldy" by his wife? Leopold Bloom
Which 8-letter word means a grammatical mistake in speech or writing? Solecism
Their name ultimately deriving from a Kig of Aethiopia in Greek mythology, what name is given to a type of star that pulsates radially, varying in both diameter and temperature and producing changes in brightness with a well-defined stable period? Cepheid variable
After a mistaken tweet on that date in 2011, how is the 28th April jocularly known to UK Twitter users? Ed Balls Day
Sir Alex Fergusson - with two 's's - held which position from 2007 to 2011? Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament
What were the four original main racial categories under South Africa's apartheid system? Black, white, coloured and Indian
The Stade Josy Barthel was for many years the home of which national European football team? Luxembourg
Who founded the Girl Guides in 1910? Robert Baden-Powell
Which small arthropods belong to the subclass Acari (also known as Acarina) and the class Arachnida? Mites (and ticks)
As of 2016 how many Assembly Members (AMs) are there in total in the Welsh Assembly? 60
Arsenalna (at 105.5 m or 346 ft), possibly the deepest Metro station in the world, is part of which city's Underground system? Kiev
Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin is the largest metropolitan area in which US state? South Carolina
With a modern population of just over 21,000 people which town and district of Bilecik Province in the Marmara region of Turkey was the first capital of the Ottoman Empire from its formation in 1299 to 1335? Söğüt
From which opera is the "Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves" taken? Nabucco
What does the musical instruction "da capo" signify? Repeat from the start
Which water nymph, a female spirit in Slavic mythology and folklore, inspired operas of the same name by Dvorak and Alexander Dargomyzhsky? Rusalka
Reaching a height of 3,404 metres (11,168 ft), what is the highest point in the Pyrenees? Aneto
Second only in size to Louisville, what is Kentucky's second-largest city? It shares its name with a much smaller, but arguably more famous site in Massachusetts that was the site of the first shots of the American Revolutionary War? Lexington
Johnny Thunders (born John Anthony Genzale, Jr.; July 15, 1952 – April 23, 1991) was a punk guitarist who came to prominence in the 1970s with which band? The New York Dolls
In Norse myth the stallion Svaðilfari fathered the eight-legged horse Sleipnir with which God in the form of a mare? Loki
The Tarim Basin, dominated by a large desert, lies in the NW of which country? China
Which dynasty of Shahs was overthrown by the 1979 Iranian revolution? Pahlavi dynasty
Historically, it was the prevailing religion of the Turks, Mongols, and Hungarians, as well as the Xiongnu and the Huns - which Central Asian religion, taking its name from the Mongolian for 'sky' has undergone a revival after the collapse of the USSR? Tengrism
Which star of 'The Usual Suspects' played Dr. Paul Weston in the HBO drama In Treatment (2008-2011), a role for which he won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for two Emmy Awards and two Satellite Awards? Gabriel Byrne
Doctor Christian Jessen, Dawn Harper and Pixie McKenna presented which Channel 4 show that ran from 2007-2015? Embarrassing Bodies
Who played the White Witch in 2005-10 series "Chronicles of Narnia" and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for her performance as lawyer Karen Crowder in "Michael Clayton"? Tilda Swinton
Mary Alice Young is the deceased fictional narrator of which US TV series? Desperate Housewives
Which of David Beckham's children was the first one to be born in Spain? Cruz
Which supermodel has appeared in "Miami Rhapsody", "To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar" and "Ali G Indahouse"? Naomi Campbell
Truman and Adler are the surnames of which fictional pair who starred in a 1998-2006 TV series? Will and Grace
In the 1967 version of "Camelot", who played King Arthur? Richard Harris
In which movie does Leonardo diCaprio play Amsterdam Vallon, and Cameron Diaz Jenny Everdeane? Gangs of New York
Who both wrote the screenplay for, and starred in, "Superbad", although his first movie role was a minor character in "Donnie Darko"? Seth Rogen
1973 film "Badlands" was which acclaimed director's debut film? Terence Malick
Who directed "The French Connection"? William Friedkin
Judy Holliday won a Best Actress Oscar for which 1950 film? Born Yesterday
In whose novels is the British intelligence community referred to as "the circus"? John Le Carre
In "The French Connection" what was the first name of the character referred to as "Popeye" Doyle? Jimmy
Who won an Oscar for directing "The Deer Hunter"? Michael Cimino
Which actress married Warren Beatty in 1992, and unusually for Hollywood, saw her marriage last? Annette Bening
Who wrote the TV series "Solo", "The Liver Birds" and "Butterflies"? Carla Lane
Who played Wonder Woman in the 1970s TV series? Linda Carter
In which year did Frankie Howerd die? 1992
Mammoth Cave National Park is in which US state? Kentucky
The Khyber Pass links which two countries? Pakistan and Afghanistan
In which body of water are the chalk stacks off the UK coast called "The Needles"? The Solent
"Ninety Mile Beach" is in which Australian state? Victoria
The Okefenokee Swamp straddles which two US states? Florida and Georgia
The Danube River passes through how many countries? Nine
The Okavango Delta is in which country? Botswana
Which river forms the border between Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein and thus at one time between East and West Germany? Elbe
What is the name of the largest geyser in Yellowstone National Park? Old Faithful
Which river forms much of the boundary between North Korea and China? Yalu (Amnok)
Petrified Forest National Park is in which US state? Arizona
Pitch Lake, the largest natural deposit of asphalt in the world, is in which island? Trinidad
In which country is the Plain of Jars? Laos
What is the world's longest river? Nile
What is the world's second longest river? Amazon
What is the world's third longest river? Mississippi-Missouri
What is the longest river in Europe? Volga
What is the longest river in France? Loire
What is the longest river in Italy? Po
The Sudd is a vast swamp in which country? South Sudan
Which country was the first on the American mainland to be visited by Christopher Columbus, on his third voyage? Venezuela
Which is the largest lake in South America? Lake Maracaibo
Which world famous waterfall is on Auyán-tepui? Angel Falls
A 26 March 1812 devastated which capital city, which Simon Bolivar was in at the time? Caracas
Which season is "verano" in Spanish? Summer
How many golf clubs can be legally carried in a bag? Fourteen
Where were the 1912 Olympics held? Stockholm
Where were the 1920 Olympics held? Antwerp
Which ground hosted its first Test match on 8 July 2009 as the opening match of an Ashes series between England and Australia? Sophia Gardens, Cardiff
Which England cricketer took two wickets in his first Test over, against India in December 2008? Graeme Swann
What is the home ground of the Warrington Wolves rugby league team? Halliwell Jones Stadium
Which golfer won the Open a record six times from 1896 to 1914? Harry Vardon
Who won the 2016 golf Open with a record score of -20? Henrik Stenson
What was won for the first time by Maurice Garin in 1903? Tour de France
Who won the Tour de France in 2013, 2015 and 2016? Chris Froome
Between 2012 and 2016 the Tour de France was won by British cyclists except for 2014, when it was won by which Italian? Vincenzo Nibali
The Oval at Kennington is home to which English county cricket team? Surrey
Before 1975, which was the only non-English speaking country to win tennis's Davis Cup? France
Whose first Formula 1 win was the 2009 German Grand Prix at the Nurburgring? Mark Webber
Although the race judge was over 70, and blind in one eye, in which year was there a dead heat in the Boat Race? 1877
Which pub features on a Monopoly board? Angel of Islington
Which are the two brown Monopoly properties? Old Kent Road; Whitechapel
Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco Da Gama are all football teams that play in which city? Rio de Janeiro
William Percy Carpmael founded which rugby union team? Barbarians
In which town or city do the Italian football team Atalanta play in which city? Bergamo
Which creator of "Dungeons and Dragons", real first name Ernest, died in 2008? Gary Gygax
Which horse won the Cheltenham Gold Cup in 2007 and 2009? Kauto Star
Which horse, a great rival of Kauto Star, won the Cheltenham Gold Cup in 2008? Denman
In 1974, what was temporarily lost by Johan de Bruyn in the 1974 3rd Lions Test against South Africa? A glass eye
How many players are there on a hurling team? Fifteen
Carrick-on-Shannon is the county town of which Irish county? Leitrim
Enniskillen is the county town of which Irish county? Fermanagh
Naas is the county town of which Irish county? Kildare
Tralee is the county town of which Irish county? Kerry
Tullamore is the county town of which Irish county? Offaly
Which is the largest marine phylum, comprising about 23% of all the named marine organisms? Mollusca
Ethnically and linguistically similar to Han Chinese with the exception that most of them practice Islam, 10.5 million of which ethnic group are concentrated mainly in the NW China? Hui
The Duleep Trophy is competed for in which sport? Cricket
David Cameron, Michael Palin and Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull all graduated from which Oxford college? Brasenose College, Oxford
Tenzin Gyatso is which ordinal number of Dalai Lama? Fourteenth
In which Ian McEwan novel is the protagonist, Joe Rose, stalked by someone suffering from de Clerambault's syndrome? Enduring Love
In which English county was Laurie Lee born? Gloucestershire
Who invented the geodesic dome? Buckminster Fuller
What name is given to the decorated panel of glass above a door? Fanlight
Who authored the manifesto of Futurism - he died aged 33 in 1916 after being thrown from a horse during a military training exercise? Umberto Boccioni
Jugendstil was the German form of which art movement? Art Nouveau
Which novel opens with the line: "The great fish moved silently through the night water"? Jaws (Peter Benchley)
Which critic created the term "post-Impressionism"? Roger Fry
Which critic coined the term "surrealism"? Guillaume Apollinaire
What name is given to opaque watercolours? Gouache
Philip Johnson was the first winner of which award in 1979? Pritzker Prize
What name was given to a sculpted youth, often a column, in Ionic architecture? Kouros
Which part of Classical architecture refers to the superstructure of moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns, resting on their capitals? Entablature
Affery Flintwitch appears in which Dickens novel? Little Dorrit
At which inn do the pilgrims meet in Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales"? Tabard Inn
"Four Nights in Knaresborough" was written by which playwright? Paul Webb
"Four Nights in Knaresborough" is a play about which historical event? Murder of Thomas a Becket
Who founded Penguin books? Allan Lane
The play "War Horse" is based on a book by which former Children's Laureate? Michael Morpurgo
Who was Children's Laureate from 2009 to 2011? Anthony Browne
During which US President's tenure was the forced relocation of Native Americans, called "The Trail of Tears"? Andrew Jackson
Which US President won the 1844 election and defeated Whig Henry Clay in a close contest that turned on the controversial issue of slavery expansion through the annexation of the Republic of Texas? James K Polk
Sometimes called "the Napoleon of the West", which American-born Spaniard (creole) fought to defend royalist New Spain and then for Mexican independence, and was Mexico's 8th President? Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Also known as the Battle of Angostura, which February 1847 battle saw the United States Army use artillery to repulse the much larger Mexican Army in the Mexican–American War? Battle of Buena Vista
Who was the 12th US President, in office from March 4, 1849 to just July 9, 1850, when he died? Zachary Taylor
Who was the librettist of Bluebeard's Castle, the opera by Bela Bartok? Béla Balázs
Which 19th century Russian chemist first drew up the periodic table? Dmitri Mendeleev
Barium, radium, magnesium and strontium are four of the six elements belonging to which category? Alkaline Earth Metals
Which 1933 Nobel Prize winner's eponymous equation describes the behaviour of fermions and predicted the existence of antimatter? Paul Dirac (Dirac equation)
Which Soviet physicist (1908-68) who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics discovered the quantum mechanical theory of diamagnetism, the theory of superfluidity and the theory of second-order phase transitions? Lev Landau
Which abolitionist and former slave founded the "North Star" paper and wrote a 3 part autobiography, the second part entitled "My Bondage My Freedom"? Frederick Douglass
Aragonite is one of the two main, naturally-occurring crystallite forms of which mineral? Calcium Carbonate
Who wrote 1973's "Sula" and 1981's "Tar Baby", although probably her most famous work was released in 1987? Toni Morrison (Beloved was released in 1987)
Which scientist wrote the first popular work about chaos theory, "Chaos: Making A New Science" in 1987, and introduced the portmanteau word "chaoplexity"? James Gleick
Which term was coined by the mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot (1924-2010) for a natural phenomenon or a mathematical set that exhibits a repeating pattern that displays at every scale? Fractal
How many dimensions (at least) are used to describe string theory? Ten
In string theory and related theories such as supergravity theories, what term refers to a physical object that generalizes the notion of a point particle to higher dimensions? Brane
Which French mathematician introduced cyclic cohomology in the early 1980s as a first step in the study of noncommutative differential geometry? Alain Connes
What was the collective pseudonym under which a group of (mainly French) 20th-century mathematicians, with the aim of reformulating mathematics on an extremely abstract and formal but self-contained basis, wrote a series of books beginning in 1935? Nicolas Bourbaki
What does the "A" stand for in the term "a-volves", where simulations of evolution are run on computers? Artificial
Which mathematical function is the opposite of differentiation? Integration
What does it mean if someone "has a nose to light candles at"? They are drunk
Oil of Vitriol is an alternative name for which acid? Sulphuric
Which typeface shares its name with a hall in a Sherlock Holmes novel? Baskerville
3M, American Apparel, Blaupunkt, BMW, Funimation, General Motors, Jeep, Kawasaki, Knoll, Lufthansa, Motorola, Nestlé, Panasonic, Parmalat, Philippine Airlines, Sears, Skype, Target, Texaco, Tupperware, Viceland, and Verizon all use which typeface? Helvetica
In the Bible, who was Moses' brother? Aaron
Which fantasy novelist wrote about the Dragonriders of Pern? Anne McCaffrey
Three Bond film theme tunes were sung by Shirley Bassey: Goldfinger, Diamonds are Forever, and which other? Moonraker
What house did Lord Lee of Fareham give to the British nation in 1917? Chequers
What name is given to the small features at the end of strokes within letters? Serifs
Which noted architect designed the Ospedale degli Innocenti in Florence? Filippo Brunelleschi
In which century did Bocaccio write "The Decameron"? 14th
Whom did Venice defeat in the 1378-81 War of Chioggia? Genoa
Who designed the Baptistry doors outside Florence's Duomo? Lorenzo Ghiberti
Give a year in the life of Filippo Brunelleschi. 1377-1466
Which comic opera by Benjamin Britten was based on Guy de Maupassant's story 'Le Rosier de Madama Husson'? Albert Herring
What is the name of the popular Japanese dessert made from seaweed jelly, bean paste and fruit and served with a sweet black syrup? Anmitsu
Which body of water separates the Arabian Sea from the Persian Gulf? Gulf of Oman
Which of the competitors for the Scottish crown was pronounced King of Scotland at Scone on St Andrew's Day 1292? John Balliol
Which British athlete-turned-politician won the silver medal for the 1500m at the 1920 Olympic Games and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1959? Philip Noel-Baker
Holy Roman Emperor from 1576-1612 who has been seen as an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great patron of Northern Mannerist art; and a devotee of learning which helped seed the scientific revolution? Rudolf II
Il Redentore is a church on which island in the Venetian lagoon, strangely named for it was not the site of the ghetto? Giudecca
Which German demonstrated a calculating machine to the Royal Society in London in 1673? Leibniz
Which monarch assumed full control of Russia in 1696, when his brother Ivan died? Peter the Great
Which four rivers are represented on Bernini's monumental sculpture located in a fountain in Rome's Piazza Navona? River Plate, Nile, Danube, Ganges
The lecherous Lothario was a character introduced in the 1703 play 'The Fair Penitent', written by which English dramatist? Nicholas Rowe
Which paste, with a name deriving from the Catalan for 'garlic and oil', is made from garlic, oil, mayonnaise and salt? Aioli
In 2000, the International Hydrographic Organisation created the Earth's fifth ocean from the southern portions of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans; what name has it been given? Southern Ocean
Which French style of military cap, with a circular top and horizontal peak, was popular in the 19th century? Kepi
In the Christian calendar, what name is given to the three days immediately prior to Ascension Thursday, upon which special prayers are said in the hope of producing a good harvest? Rogation Days
Which architect designed St Peter's Square in the Vatican City? Gianlorenzo Bernini
Which Danish astronomer in 1676 made the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light? Ole Rømer
In 1999, the former professional wrestler and actor Jesse Ventura became the Governor of which American state? Minnesota
In terms of album sales, which singer was the best selling artist worldwide of the 1990s? Garth Brooks
Which ancient Greek astronomer is credited with having compiled the first known star catalogue? Hipparchus
Which famous Englishman was born on 20th October 1632 in East Knoyle in Wiltshire? Sir Christopher Wren
The 1666 Great Fire of London occurred in which month? September
Who became King of Prussia in 1740? Frederick II (the Great)
Which county cricket team won the first Gillette Cup in 1963? Sussex
Published in the early 20th Century, 'Free Fields' and 'Songs of the Rye' are among the most famous works of which Danish poet? Aakjaer Jeppe
Deriving from the Greek for 'crescent', what is name is given to the convex or concave upper surface of a column of liquid, the curvature of which is caused by surface tension? Meniscus
Which American sprinter broke the 100m world record in 1968 and held that record for the next 15 years? Jim Hines
Which film of 1998, directed by Darren Aronofsky, told the story of the troubled but brilliant maths prodigy Maximillian Cohen? Pi
Which of the WW1 war poets was born in Oswestry in 1893? Wilfred Owen
Oswestry is in which English county? Shropshire
Featured in Pat Barker's "Regeneration", what was the name of the psychiatrist who led the treatment of WW1 soldiers suffering from shell shock at Craiglockhart Hospital near Edinburgh - Blunden, Owen and Sassoon were all treated by him? WH Rivers
Which canal was the site of the death of Wilfred Owen, just one week before the Armistice? Sambre Canal
Widely considered one of the most important artists of the Neue Sachlichkeit, which German painter (1891-1969) was noted for his ruthless and harshly realistic depictions of Weimar society (like 1928's Metropolis) and the brutality of war? Otto Dix
What is the English translation of the Neue Sachlichkeit art movement, of which Max Beckmann was a prominent member? New Objectivity
Who wrote the 1917 modernist ballet "Parade"? Erik Satie
Who won the 1957 Nobel Prize for Literature, only to be unexpectedly and suddenly killed 3 years later? Albert Camus
What is the second largest city in Algeria? Oran
Which French dramatist is perhaps best known for his 1943 play Antigone, an adaptation of Sophocles' classical drama, that was seen as an attack on Marshal Pétain's Vichy government? Jean Anouilh
Which philosopher wrote the 1944 play "Huis clos"? Sartre
The semi-autobiographical 1955 work "Tristes Tropiques" was by which prominent anthropologist? Claude Levi-Strauss
What nationality was the poet and playwright Wole Soyinka? Nigerian
A breakthrough African novel, who wrote 1954's "People of the City"? Cyprian Ekwensi
Which avant-garde choreographer, in works such as "Story" and "Events" would decide only the night before, which parts of the dances should be performed? Merce Cunningham
Who famously wrote the polemic "Against Interpretation", arguing that literature loses its power once it is analysed and interpreted? Susan Sontag
Martha Graham and Twyla Tharp were important 20th century names in which field of the arts? Choreography
The serpent was a distant ancestor of which modern musical instrument? Tuba
Which song had the lyric "Why am I soft in the middle/The rest of my life is so hard"? You Can Call Me Al by Paul Simon (1986)
In Greek myth, how many Titans were there in total? Twelve
Who released the 2008 album "Perfect Symmetry"? Keane
Which food brand's name ultimately derives from a Latin phrase for "the strength of man"? Hovis
Which musical features the songs "Tonight" and "I Feel Pretty"? West Side Story
Who sung the 1963 UK Number 1 "I Like It"? Gerry and the Pacemakers
Which nut is used to make marzipan? Almond
What was the real first name of Chuck Berry? Charles
Which foodstuff comes from bramble bushes? Blackberries
Which song has the lyric "It's 9 o'clock on Saturday/The regular crowd shuffles in"? Piano Man (Billy Joel)
Who quit the Spice Girls in 1998? Geri Halliwell
In opera, how are Zuga and Nadir better known? The Pearl Fishers
In Mozart's opera, which character is presented with the magic flute as a gift? Tamino
Who composed "Die Fledermaus"? Johann Strauss the younger
Which note is a violin's highest string tuned to? E
The character Christine Daaé appears in which musical? The Phantom Of The Opera
In which musical does "the tribe" fight conscription to the Vietnam war? Hair
Which Dutch grain liqueur is flavoured with cumin and aniseed? Kummel
Which liqueur from the city of Torreglia (Italy) tastes of almond and is flavoured with cherries? Maraschino
The Tan Hill Inn, the highest pub in England lies close to the northern boundary of which national park? Yorkshire Dales
What is the SI unit of energy for absorbed dose of radiation? Gray
Peta- is an SI prefix denoting ten raised to which power? Fifteen
Deci- is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting a factor of what? A tenth, or 10 to the minus one
Tera- is an SI prefix denoting ten raised to which power? Twelve
The Guano Era refers to a period of stability and prosperity in which country during the mid-19th century? Peru
Which word in education derives from the Ancient Greek for "to lead a child"? Pedagogy
Which educator opened her first school Casa dei Bambini in the San Lorenzo district of Rome in 1907? Maria Montessori
"Ol Man River" comes from which musical? Showboat
"Cupid", "Chain Gang", "Wonderful World", "Another Saturday Night", and "Twistin' the Night Away" were all songs by which artist, who died in 1964, shot in alleged self-defence? Sam Cooke
Which opera was inspired by George Crabbe's 1810 book "The Borough"? Peter Grimes
Which play of 1964 by Arthur Miller is generally thought to be about his failed relationship with Marilyn Monroe? After the Fall
Which film of 1961 was written by Arthur Miller, directed by John Huston, and featured the last performances of two notable screen figures? The Misfits (the last performances of Gable and Monroe)
From 1295 to 1832 a parliamentary constituency of England, which rotten borough in Wiltshire contained a hill, and at time no voters at all, but still elected two MPs to the House of Commons? Old Sarum
The Museum of Fine Arts in which European capital contains a number of works by Pieter Breughel the Elder, including The Tower of Babel and Children's Games? Vienna
Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, long attributed to Breughel the Elder, but now thought to be a copy of the original, is displayed in the Royal Museum of Fine Arts in which city? Brussels
Which geologic period spans 41.2 million years from the end of the Cambrian Period 485.4 million years (Ma) ago to the start of the Silurian Period 443.8 Ma? Ordovician
Between 1781 and 1790 Kant wrote three major critiques: of Pure Reason, of Practical Reason and which other? Critique of Judgement
How is nacre, organic-inorganic composite material produced by some molluscs as an inner shell layer more commonly known? Mother-of-pearl
Nelly Dean, often cited as an example of an unreliable narrator, appears in which 1847 novel? Wuthering Heights
In which month is the Vernal Equinox? March
To the nearest million miles what is the average distance from the Earth to the Sun? 93 million miles
In which year was Sputnik 1 launched? 1957
What is the world's largest toothed animal? Sperm whale
Which Englishman calculated Neptune's position (1819-92) independently of Laverrier, the latter's figures leading to its later discovery in Germany? John Couch Adams
What is an addax? Antelope (the white antelope, lives in Sahara)
What is defined as "a change in an organism's structure and function that allows it to survive and reproduce more effectively"? Adaptation
Addison's disease is a disease of which glands in the body? Adrenals
Which letter is formed by the pattern on an adder's head? V
Adiabatic processes occur without the gain or loss of what property? Heat
Which Royal Navy rank is immediately superior to Rear Admiral? Vice Admiral
Which part of the body are also called the suprarenal glands? Adrenals
What type of nuclear reactor is an "AGR"? Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor
Which flowering shrub has varieties called "Alice Hoffmann", "Miss California" and "Dollar Princess"? Fuchsia
To the nearest gram, how many grams are there in an ounce? 28 (28.3)
Bamboo belongs to which family of plants? Grasses/Poaceae
Which is the only species of big cat that is unable to fully retract its claws? Cheetah
What does NASA stand for? National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Which public officer's main roles are to administer oaths and affirmations, take affidavits and statutory declarations, witness & authenticate the execution of certain classes of documents and take acknowledgments of deeds and other conveyances? Notary Public
Which Solar System celestial body has a diameter of approximately 3476km? Moon
The multinational technology company Lenovo originated in which country? China
In Shakespeare's 'Timon of Athens', what is the name of the churlish philosopher who exerts his influence on the title character? Apemantus
The Pio Quinto is a cake, drenched in rum and topped with custard and cinnamon, that originated in which country? Nicaragua
What was the name of the train robbed in the Great Train Robbery of 1963? Aberdeen Express
Who was the legendary Greek physician, later deified as the god of the healing arts, who was destroyed by a thunderbolt sent by Zeus lest he teach mankind to evade death? Asclepius
Samuel Joseph Byck gained notoriety after he hijacked a plane with the intention of crashing into the White House in the hope of killing which American President? Richard Nixon
Which headland is at the southernmost point of Greenland? Cape Farewell
Which was the first single to sell one million records in the United Kingdom? Rock Around The Clock
Which is the only one of the 13 zodiacal constellations not to be used as a star sign? Ophiucus
In the famous James Bond film, what is the first name of the villainous Goldfinger? Auric
The Dutch painter Karel Appel was perhaps the most famous member of which avant-garde art movement active from 1949 to 1952 in Copenhagen, Brussels and Amsterdam? Cobra
Who directed (500) Days of Summer, the 2012 Spider-Man reboot The Amazing Spider-Man and its sequel The Amazing Spider-Man 2 in 2014? Marc Webb
Who directed directed the feature films Superbad, Adventureland, and Paul? Greg Mottola
Which 2009 sci-fi film directed by Neill Blomkamp, written by Blomkamp and Terri Tatchell, and produced by Peter Jackson and Carolynne Cunningham, is set in South Africa? District 9
Who directed the film Road to Perdition (2002), and the James Bond films Skyfall (2012) and Spectre (2015)? Sam Mendes
Who directed The 40-Year-Old Virgin (2005), Knocked Up (2007), Funny People (2009), This Is 40 (2012), and Trainwreck (2015)? Judd Apatow
Which US chef (1912-2004) was played in a 2009 film by Meryl Streep? Julia Child
In "The Life Of Brian", by Monty Python, what was Brian's surname? Cohen
Who played Malachy McCourt in 1999 Irish-American drama film "Angela's Ashes"? Robert Carlyle
What is the name of the small, furry creatures that became Gremlins? Mogwai
Les Dawson followed who as host of "Blankety Blank"? Terry Wogan
In 1972, Steve McQueen plays a competitor in which activity in "Junior Bonner"? Rodeo
Who was the first host of the UK version of "Stars In Their Eyes"? Leslie Crowther
Complete the title of the 2005 film based on the novel by Ann Brashares "Sisterhood Of The...."? Travelling Pants
In which year was the first feature-length motion picture with synchronized sound? 1927 (The Jazz Singer)
Which character did Christopher Lee in "The Man With The Golden Gun"? Scaramanga
What was the first live pop programme to be broadcast on ITV, starting 9th August 1963? Ready Steady Go!
On which street does the "Miracle" occur in the 1994 film starring Richard Attenborough as 'Kris Kringle'? 34th
Which action hero starred in 2005's "The Pacifier", as Lt Shane Wolfe? Vin Diesel
Which star of Dallas also played the "Man From Atlantis"? Patrick Duffy
What type of mollusc is the geoduck that is highly regarded in Oriental cuisine? Clam
Which is the first letter of the Hebrew Alphabet? Tet
Who was the American serial killer, nicknamed 'The Green River Killer', who, at his trial in 2003, confessed to the murders of 48 women in Washington state? Gary Ridgway
Named after the Greek writer who first described it, what name is given to the unlit area of sky that can be seen between the arcs of two rainbows caused by the deviation angles of the primary and secondary bows? Alexander's Band
Which Ugandan leader let his country to independence in 1962? Milton Obote
Which American tennis player did Richard Krajicek defeat in the 1996 Wimbledon men's singles final? Malivai Washington
Benjamin Britten's opera 'The Rape of Lucretia' is based on the play 'Le Viol de Lucrèce' by which French playwright? Andre Obey
In Mexican cuisine, what name is given to meats, often a whole sheep, that are traditionally cooked in a pit covered with leaves? Barbacoa
The Square of Three Powers is the name of the central square in which South American city? Brasilia
The 1987 film 'Babette's Feast' was taken from a story written by which Danish author? Karen Blixen
Coming from the Latin for "hill fort", what name is given to a fortified settlement, usually pre-Roman, some from late Bronze Age and Iron Age in Spain as well as the name of the material Celtic culture of the NW regions of the Iberian Peninsula? Castro
Which Spanish city was called Lucus Augusti by the Romans? Lugo
The world's largest cathedral organ is in Dom St Stephan in which city in Lower Bavaria, Germany, called Dreiflüssestadt or "City of Three Rivers," because the Danube is joined there by the Inn from the south and the Ilz from the north? Passau
The German Käthe Kruse, born Katharina Simon (1883-1968) was one of the famous manufacturers of what item, a name known by collectors worldwide? Dolls
What is the largest city on the German Romantic Road? Augsburg
The Portica de la Gloria featuring 200 Romanesque sculptures by Maestro Mateo is a feature of the cathedral in which Spanish city? Santiago de Compostela
The slang term 'on fleek' applies to grooming of which body part? Eyebrows
Which Canadian singer-songwriter released album, Illuminate (2016) and the single "Treat You Better", which both debuted atop the US Billboard 200? Shawn Mendes
The Rexurdimento of the 19th century was a revival of the language and culture of which European region? Galicia
Which cape, popularly thought to be Spain's westernmost point - although it isn't - is the end of an extension to the Camino de Santiago pilgrimage? Cabo Fisterra (Finisterre)
What is the longest river in Pakistan? Indus
What is the longest river in South Africa? Orange
What is the longest river in Myanmar? Irrawaddy
The Brahmaputra River becomes the Jamuna when it enters which country? Bangladesh
Which 'colours' or branches of the Nile meet at Khartoum? Blue, white
Which river flows through both Logrono and Zaragoza? Ebro
The Fraser River lies mainly in which Canadian province? British Columbia
Which two rivers join to form the Humber estuary? Trent, Ouse
What is the longest river wholly within Spain? Guadalquivir
Where is the first cataract on the Nile river? Aswan
The largest Peace River is in which country? Canada
The River Plate is formed from the confluence of which two rivers? Uruguay, Parana
The Millennium Bridge in London lies between which two others? Blackfriars; Southwark
How is the Hwang (Hoáng Hé) river better known? Yellow River
The Tocantins River lies in which country? Brazil
Which sea lies between Sardinia and Italy? Tyrrhenian Sea
Which sea lies between Corsica and Italy? Ligurian Sea
Which river flows through Bremen? Weser
Murmansk is the chief port on which sea? Barents Sea
Which ocean current, a powerful warm ocean current that continues the Gulf Stream northeast, keeps Murmansk ice-free year round? North Atlantic Drift
The somoni is the currency of which nation? Tajikistan
Which Asian capital has a name that translates as 'Monday'? Dushanbe
Widely seen as Tajikistan's national poet and one of the most important writers in the country's history (1878-1954), who wrote Dokhunda, Slaves and Yoddoshtho? Sadriddin Ayni
Give a year in the life of Avicenna (Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā). 980-1037
Avicenna was born in the territory of which modern-day country? Uzbekistan
Who was Donald Trump's running mate in the 2016 US Presidential elections? Mike Pence
During World War II, an atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki because bad weather prevented the bomb being dropped on the original target; on which city was the bomb originally scheduled to be dropped? Kokura
In which American state did Winston Churchill make his famous speech that brought the term Iron Curtain into popular usage in 1946? Missouri
Which letter of the alphabet is used to symbolise the atomic number of an element? Z
Which former Spanish international footballer was nicknamed the Beast of Barcelona? Miguel Angel Nadal
The Shah Jehan Mosque was the first purpose built mosque in the UK and is situated in which English town? Woking
Coming to office in 1852, who was Britain's only Peelite Prime Minister? George Hamilton Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen
What name does the American blues singer-songwriter B.B. King give to his customised guitar? Lucille
Known scientifically as a parhelion, what is the common name for the atmospheric optical phenomenon caused by the refraction of sunlight by small ice crystals that creates the illusion of a halo of light that can look like the Sun? Sun Dog
Who was the South African rugby union player who scored a world record five drop goals against England during the 1999 World Cup? Jannie de Beer
The controversial 1971 film 'The Devils', directed by Ken Russell, was based on a novel by which British author? Aldous
Jason King first appeared in which TV series of 1969? Department S
Which rhyming verse stanza form was created by Dante and first used in his work 'The Divine Comedy'? Terza Rima
Which French sauce, consisting of Béchamel sauce with grated cheese added, is thought to have been named after a 16th and 17th Century writer and diplomat in the court of King Henri IV of France? Mornay Sauce
Which is the most populous native American tribe in the USA? Cherokee
In which country is Mana Pools National Park, one of three parks that together constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site? Zimbabwe
What name is given to an isolated rock hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain? Inselberg (or monadnock)
Which Bantu people make up 82% of the population of Zimbabwe? Shona
The South Luangwa National Park is in which African nation? Zambia
Who wrote Mukiwa (A White Boy in Africa) and its sequel When A Crocodile Eats the Sun? Peter Godwin
Who wrote the plays "The Seven Deadly Virtues" and "Wolf At The Door"? Alan Ayckbourn
Dancer Ninette de Valois was born in which country? Ireland
Robert E Howard created which comic character in 1932, later a film character? Conan the Barbarian
What was the name of John Bunyan's autobiography, first published in 1666? Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners
In Stanley Holloway's famous monologue, who was swallowed whole by a lion at Blackpool zoo? Albert Ramsbottom
What was the title of Cilla Black's 2004 autobiography? What's It All About
Andre Breton and Max Ernst were prominent names in which art movement Surrealism
In Middlemarch by George Eliot, what is the surname of the main character, Dorothea? Brooke
Who kills Tybalt in 'Romeo and Juliet'? Romeo
Which philosopher (1788-1860) frequently referenced Buddhism in his works, being among the first thinkers in Western philosophy to share and affirm significant tenets of Eastern philosophy? Schopenhauer
Who wrote the line "East is east and west is west, and never the twain shall meet"? Rudyard Kipling
How was artist Michelangelo Merisi better known? Caravaggio
Which writer first created Inspector Frost? RD Wingfield
What does 'emeritus' mean? Retired or honourably discharged
Who wrote the 2003 memoirs "Living History"? Hillary Clinton
In 1881, Clara Barton founded the US branch of what? Red Cross
From which ship did Grace Darling rescue survivors from in 1838? Forfarshire
Which Roman colony was built under the emperor Hadrian on the site of Jerusalem, which was in ruins since the siege of 70 AD? Aelia Capitolina
Which extinct, flightless bird was the closest genetic relative of the dodo? Rodrigues Solitaire
Which country's flag consists of four horizontal bands of equal width, coloured (from top to bottom) red, blue, yellow, and green? Mauritius
For what does the SOAS stand in SOAS, University of London? School of Oriental and African Studies
In myth, who was Agamemnon's father? Atreus
Who, in myth, was son of Thyestes and lover of Clytemnestra? Aegisthus
In myth, who pursued Orestes for shedding his mother's blood? Furies
Who, in myth, came up with the idea of the wooden horse at Troy? Odysseus
Which English queen was involved in pardoning the Burghers of Calais? Philippa of Hainault (Edward III's consort)
Hyperion is a moon of which planet in the solar system? Saturn
Which constellation in the night sky is also called "the dove"? Columba
Best remembered for originating the concept of a programmable computer, who created the analytical engine and the difference engine? Charles Babbage
Which self-regulatory organisation is the ASA in the UK? Advertising Standards Authority
Elected 2012, who is the first woman to be General Secretary of the British Trades Union Congress (TUC)? Frances O'Grady
Widespread in aquatic plants, which spongy tissue forms spaces or air channels in the leaves, stems and roots of some plants, allowing exchange of gases between the shoot and the root? Aerenchyma
The electric and magnetic fields in EMR waves are always in phase and at what angle to each other? 90 degrees
In which porous ultralight material derived from a gel, has the liquid component of the gel has been replaced with a gas? Aerogel
What is sometimes called a cat's whisker receiver? Crystal set or Crystal Radio Receiver
In fruits, what name is given to tissue that develops from the ovary wall of the flower and surrounds the seeds? Pericarp
What was once called a 'cameleopard'? Giraffe
What name was given to the site on the Moon where, in 1969, humans landed and walked on another celestial body for the first time? Tranquility Base
What does 'AM' stand for when tuning in your radio? Amplitude Modulation
In what type of solar eclipse is the apparent size of the Moon is smaller than that of the Sun? Annular Eclipse
An exhumation of Tycho Brahe in 2010 revealed that his nose wasn't made of gold, as popularly supposed, but of what? Brass
The shrub Camellia sinensis is used to produce what? Tea
Which American self-taught chemist and manufacturing engineer developed vulcanized rubber? Charles Goodyear
Castoreum is an exudate derived from which animal? Beaver
Agyrophobia (or Dromophobia) is the morbid fear of what? Crossing the street
What has the biggest eyes of any land animal? Ostrich
What is the common name for the largest members of Oligochaeta (which is either a class or a subclass depending on the author)? Earthworms
The Regency TR-1 was the first commercially manufactured what? Transistor Radio
Who patented the cotton gin in 1749? Eli Whitney
Which term was coined in 1983 to market the 'Gavilan SC' computer? Laptop
Who turned out to be the murderer of Reg Cox, killed in the first episode of Eastenders? Nick Cotton
Best known for her role as Rachel Zane on the TV legal drama Suits, she also played FBI special agent Amy Jessup in the sci-fi thriller Fringe - who reportedly dated Prince Harry in 2016? Meghan Markle
Who was cast as Belle in the 2017 live-action "Beauty and the Beast"? Emma Watson
What was the subtitle of "A Night at the Museum 2"? Battle of the Smithsonian
Which film franchise's third instalment was "Dawn of the Dinosaurs"? Ice Age
How is Romanesque architecture sometimes known in England? Norman Architecture
In architecture, what type of vault is produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults? Groin vault
In architecture, what name is give to a succession of arches, each counter-thrusting the next, supported by columns, piers, or a covered walkway enclosed by a line of such arches on one or both sides? Arcade
What style of architecture was known at the time as Opus Francigenum ("French work"), with our common term for it not appearing until later? Gothic architecture
In architecture, The intersection of two to three barrel vaults produces what when they are edged with an armature of piped masonry often carved in decorative patterns? Rib vault
Which period of art which developed in Burgundy, France and northern Italy in the late 14th and early 15th century was named by the French art historian Louis Courajod at the end of the 19th century? International Gothic
Which abbey, founded by William I, Duke of Aquitaine in 910, was notable for its stricter adherence to the Rule of St. Benedict, whereby it became acknowledged as the leader of western monasticism? Cluny Abbey
The second movie in which Hollywood film franchise was subtitled "Revenge of the Fallen"? Transformers (Transformers 2)
What was the name of the fourth film in the Terminator franchise? Terminator Salvation
Who wrote and directed Road Trip (2000), Old School (2003), The Hangover Trilogy (2009, 2011 and 2013), Due Date (2010) and War Dogs (2016)? Todd Philipps
Which well-known Hollywood figure divorced Amy Irving in 1989? Steven Spielberg
Who played Claudius in the "I, Claudius" TV series? Derek Jacobi
Which TV series was set at 125 Eton Place? Upstairs, Downstairs
"Mork and Mindy" was a spin-off from which other US TV series? Happy Days
In which film does Bob Hoskins play the gangster Harold Shand, with Helen Mirren as his partner Victoria? The Long Good Friday
What make of car was driven by TV detective, Columbo? Peugeot
In the 1962 film who played the lead role of rebellious youth Colin Smith in "The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner"? Tom Courtenay
Who played Maria Nunez in 1961's "West Side Story" and also starred in "Rebel Without A Cause"? Natalie Wood
Which family were the central one in TV series "Two Point Four Children"? Porters
What is the surname of briefly infamous pop duo "Jedward"? Grimes
A huge success, winning BAFTAs, and having a Number 1 soundtrack, which musical drama shown on British television in the 70s starred Rula Lenska, Charlotte Cornwell and Julie Covington as the Little Ladies, with characters called Anna Wynd and Dee Rhodes? Rock Follies
Mortimer Wheeler presented which panel show on TV from 1952 to 1959, where different archeologists, art historians, and natural history experts were asked to identify interesting objects or artifacts from museums and other faculties? Animal, Vegetable, Mineral?
Tú sí que sí, formerly ¡Tú sí que vales! is the Spanish version of which UK show? Britain's Got Talent
Which show was won by Joe McElderry in 2009? The X Factor
Which US film director was born Adam Spiegel on October 22, 1969? Spike Jonze
What was the surname of Truman in the US film "The Truman Show"? Burbank
Who played the villainous Hans Gruber in "Die Hard"? Alan Rickman
Whose quote was "it's not the men in my life, it's the life in my men that matters"? Mae West
Which former journalist for the BBC, Channel 4 and The Times was appointed Conservative MP for Ashford in 2007 and Work and Pensions Secretary in 2016? Damian Green
Who created the comic character Marcel Wave for his TV show? Kenny Everett
Which word derives from the name used in antiquity for the Aegean Sea? Archipelago
Which sea is the world's least saline? Baltic Sea
What are the names of the two tides that occur in a daily cycle? Ebb, flood
Which two tides occur bimonthly? Spring, Neap
In which ocean is the Sargasso Sea? North Atlantic
The Sargasso Sea is unique in that it is the only sea in the world to lack what? A coastline
What was the Sargasso Sea named for, the word deriving from the Portuguese originally? Seaweed
Which sea helps connect the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea? Sea of Marmara
What is Estonia's largest island called? Saaremaa
In which ocean is the Weddell Sea? Southern Ocean
In a sporting context, what is a caman? The stick used in shinty or a hurley, the stick used in hurling
What is the traditional venue for the all-Ireland hurling final? Croke Park
Which Irish Taoiseach from 1966 to 1973 and 1977 to 1979, won five all-Ireland hurling titles in his sporting career? Jack Lynch
Which player of hurling, 1920-1979, is often called the greatest ever, having established many championship records, including career appearances (65), scoring tally (33-208) and number of All-Ireland medals won (8), although all have now been broken? Christy Ring
In which city was the first organised ice hockey game played, on March 3rd 1875? Montreal
How many players per side are there in ice hockey? Six
Signed in 2013, who was the first footballer whose transfer fee topped $100 million Euros? Gareth Bale
How long is an ice hockey pitch? 200 feet
At which Olympics did Great Britain win ice hockey gold - their only to date? 1936
How many gold medals did Michael Phelps win at the Beijing Olympics? Eight
Which course hosted the 2016 Ryder Cup, won by the USA? Hazeltine Club, Minnesota
Who did Virginia Wade beat in the 1977 Wimbledon Ladies Singles Final? Betty Stove
Which swimmer, at the 2008 Summer Olympics, became the first U.S. female athlete in modern Olympic history to win six medals in one Olympiad? Natalie Coughlin
Which Chinese poster boy of the 2008 Olympics, and hurdler at 110m, had to withdraw from his home Olympics through injury? Liu Xiang
What nationality is sprinter Walter Dix, who scored bronze at both the 100m and 200m at the 1008 Beijing Olympics? American
Which US 400m runner came out on top of a rivalry with Jeremy Wariner in 2008 by winning in the 2008 Olympic final in a personal best time, and by a record margin of 0.99 secs, though in later years he was suspended for drug use? LaShawn Merritt
The 110m hurdler Dayron Robles, who won gold in the 2008 Olympics, represented which nation? Cuba
From 1996 to 2008, the gold medal winner at the 10,000m in every Olympics was what nationality? Ethiopian
Moroccan-born Rashid Ramzi initially won which country's first ever Olympic medal by winning the 2008 Olympic 1500m, only to be stripped of his title for drug taking? Bahrain
Calzone is a folded pizza that takes its name from the Italian for what? Trouser leg
What did Quentin Crisp describe as "an obituary in serial form with the last instalment missing"? An autobiography
Who painted the 1874 work "La Lodge - A Theatre Scene"? Renoir
Which word, invented by Lewis Carroll, means an amalgam of two other words? Portmanteau
Who wrote 1995's "An American Tabloid", about the JFK assassination? James Ellroy
"Adonais" is an elegy by a fellow romantic poet about whose death? Keats (the author was Shelley)
Who painted the then-controversial "Feast In The House of Levi" in 1573? Paolo Veronese
Who wrote the plays "The Recruiting Officer" (1706) and The Beaux' Stratagem (1707)? George Farquhar
Who wrote the novel "Under the Volcano" in 1947 about an ex-consul in Mexico? Malcolm Lowry
Which British artist, born in Calais, France in 1821, and the grandson of a noted medical theorist, painted "Chaucer at the Court of Edward III" and "Cromwell on his Farm"? Ford Madox Brown
What does 'sic' mean in Latin? 'so' or 'thus'
The flag of which country has a red-crested crane at its centre? Uganda
What was the name used by the aircraft hijacker who, in 1971, leapt from the back of a Boeing 727 over the American Pacific Northwest, after collecting a $200,000 ransom, and was never seen again? DB Cooper
With which two countries did Britain sign the Triple Entente in 1907? France and Russia
Who was the English philosopher, known as the father of social Darwinism, who coined the phrase 'survival of the fittest' in his book 'Principles of Biology' in 1864? Herbert Spencer
The first large scale meet of which sport was organised by Major Ernst Killander in Sweden in 1918? Orienteering
Who was the schoolgirl and homecoming queen who became the first character to be murdered in the TV show 'Twin Peaks'? Laura Palmer
Who was the Canadian soldier of World War I who wrote the famous poem 'In Flanders Fields' which begins with the lines “In Flanders Fields the poppies blow, between the crosses, row on row”? John McCrae
Who was the 7th Century Anglo-Saxon bishop who, whilst living on the Farne Islands off Northumberland, instituted special laws to protect the eider ducks nesting there? St Cuthbert
Founded by James and Jane Wardley in 1772, by what name is the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing better known? Shakers
Mirepoix consists of carrots, celery and which other main vegetable ingredient? Onions
Which group of islands off the coast of Northumberland, England were where Grace Darling's father was a lighthouse keeper? Farne Islands
Which earl of Mercia was the husband of Lady Godiva? Leofric
1620's Battle of White Mountain took place outside which city? Prague
In 1840, who became the first American woman to qualify as a doctor? Elizabeth Blackwell
Hussein Mohamed Irshad was the President of which country from 1983 to 1990? Bangladesh
What was Francis Drake's ship during the Armada Battle? HMS Revenge
Which prison was burned down during the 1780 Gordon Riots, and is now a generic term for any prison? Clink
Which Mexican revolutionary (1879-1919) gave his name to a moustache? Emiliano Zapata
Neville Chamberlain and his father Joseph were both mayors of which city? Birmingham
Which a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher of Magna Graecia and a member of the Eleatic School founded by Parmenides, called the inventor of the dialectic by Aristotle, is best known for his paradoxes? Zeno of Elea
How many readings does a Bill get in the Commons before it is passed to the House of Lords? Three
In which year was Constantine crowned Roman Emperor in York? 306AD
Ougamon Farm was fought over as part of which battle? Waterloo
At what age did Queen Victoria die? 81
Who was the man born John Rowlands on 28 January 1841 better known? Henry Morton Stanley
Who said "you cannot feed the hungry on statistics"? Lloyd George
Which English monarch died in 1483? Edward IV
Give a year in the War of Jenkins' Ear. 1739-48
Which 1815 land battle fought between January 8 and January 18, 1815, constituting the final major battle of the War of 1812, and the most one-sided battle of that war, resulted in a decisive US victory over Britain? Battle of New Orleans
In which year did the Tudors come to power in England? 1485
Which structure - sometimes called a stakewall or a paling—is typically a fence or wall made from wooden stakes or tree trunks and used as a defensive structure or enclosure? Palisade
Which extinct mammals, distantly related to elephants, derived their name from the Greek for "breast tooth"? Mastodon
Which small flat-bottomed vessels with a narrow neck, that unlike a small carafe, have a stopper or lid, are often used for olive oil or balsamic vinegar? Cruets
What name is given to a vertical-axled rotating machine developed for use on sailing ships to apply force to ropes, cables, and hawsers? Capstan
In heraldry what name is given to a full display of all the heraldic components to which the bearer of a coat of arms is entitled? Achievement (or hatchment)
In a suit of armour, which body part was protected by a sabaton? Foot
In a suit of armour, which body part was protected by a poleyn? Knee
In a suit of armour, which body part was protected by a couter or cowter? Elbow
Developed by Kan'ami and his son Zeami, in the 14th century which is the oldest major Japanese theatre art still regularly performed today? Noh
Which form of traditional Japanese puppet theatre, was founded in Osaka in 1684? Bunraku
Also known by its opening words, "Die Fahne hoch" ("The Flag on High"), what was the anthem of the Nazi Party from 1930 to 1945? Horst-Wessel-Lied
Often seen on monks, what name is given to the practice of cutting or shaving some or all of the hair on the scalp, as a sign of religious devotion or humility? Tonsure
Meaning "Duke's Forest" what is the capital of the Dutch province of North Brabant? 's-Hertogenbosch (accept Den Bosch)
Which type of blind or shutter with horizontal slats that are angled to admit light and air, but to keep out rain, direct sunshine, and noise, shares its name with a major world museum? Louvre
Which Nazi politician was best known for his role as the Nazi Party's national youth leader and head of the Hitler Youth from 1931 to 1940? Baldur von Schirach
Which Dutch ennoblement's name literally means "young lord"? Jonkheer
Call change, method and firing are all types of which pastime? Bell ringing
Which malleable metal alloy is traditionally 85–99% tin, with the remainder consisting of copper, antimony, bismuth and sometimes, less commonly today, lead? Pewter
Which plant is also called Persian cumin? Carraway
Which international brand of seasonings, instant soups, and noodles that originated in Switzerland was acquired by Nestle in 1947, but still has over 50% market share of noodles in India, and is synonymous with a seasoning sauce in much of Europe? Maggi
Which office building in Westminster, London, UK, that was commissioned in 1992 and opened in 2001 to provide offices for 213 members of parliament and their staff overlooks Big Ben? Portcullis House
Sir Stanley Paul Chambers (1904–1981), a civil servant, was instrumental in drawing up which system in the UK, implemented in 1944? PAYE
Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979? Mother Theresa
Which English monarch permanently lost Normandy to the French? John
Which President of Colombia won the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize for helping to end his country's 50-year civil war? Juan Manuel Santos
Mohammad Khatami was which country's president from 1997 to 2005? Iran
At what age did Pitt the Younger become PM, in 1783? 24
Who is considered to have been Britain's second Prime Minister, after Sir Robert Walpole, although he was largely a figurehead, with real power exercised by the Secretary of State, Lord Carteret? Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington
What connects the UK baroncies Merthyr, Reith and Silkin? All have been permanently renounced
What were reputedly Ned Kelly's last three words before being hanged? Such is Life
Anny Ondra, a Czech actress (1903-87) was married to which German boxing great? Max Schmelling
Which English-born German-British actress and singer, long based in Germany, was best known for her role as Christel Weinzinger in Erik Charell's 1931 film Der Kongreß tanzt? Lilian Harvey
Which German actress is best remembered for her dual role as Maria and her double, the Maschinenmensch, in Fritz Lang's 1927 silent film Metropolis? Brigitte Helm
Which Venetian painter of the 15th-16th centuries is best known for a cycle of nine paintings, The Legend of Saint Ursula, and shares his name with a food? Carpaccio
In legend, which daughter of the king of Brittany was martyred by Attila, King of the Huns, together with her following of 10,000 virgins, after she had refused to become his wife? St Ursula
Which river flows through Sedan, Charleville-Mézières, Namur and Liège? Meuse/Maas
Bad Godesberg is a suburb of which German city, the suburb being important from 1949 to 1999? Bonn
Which Frankish military leader under Charlemagne became one of the principal figures in the literary cycle known as the Matter of France was killed by rebellious Basques in Iberia at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass? Roland
Which historical title of the German nobility, usually translated as count, but is is often treated as equivalent to the British "earl"? Graf
Which ancient and dense forest stretched eastward from the Rhine River across southern Germany and formed the northern boundary of that part of Europe known to writers of antiquity? Hercynian Forest
Which Polish dish consists of de-boned stuffed meat, most commonly poultry or fish, that is poached and served cold, coated with aspic? Galantine
In the Ring Cycle, what is the name of the dwarf, who guards the treasure of the Nibelungen, but is overcome by Siegfried? Alberich
What was Gilbert and Sullivan's first operetta, an 1871 failure, for which most of the score is now lost? Thespis
Their second collaboration, released in 1875, what was Gilbert and Sullivan's first hit operetta? Trial by Jury
With words written by Sabine Baring-Gould in 1865, for which rousing hymn did Arthur Sullivan provided the music in 1871? Onward, Christian Soldiers
What was the first name of 'Gilbert' of Gilbert and Sullivan fame? William
Which Gilbert and Sullivan work was based on Tennyson's "The Princess"? Princess Ida
Dr Daly, the only clergyman to appear in Gilbert & Sullivan's canon, appears in which work? The Sorceror
Biblically, who succeeded Moses as leader of the Israelites? Joshua
Which act first won the Eurovision Song Contest twice? Johnny Logan
Also called bitter buttons, cow bitter, or golden buttons, which perennial, herbaceous flowering plant of the aster family was apparently in the potion that Ganymede drank in Greek myth to gain immortality? Tansy
What is the real first name of the character Mimi in "La Boheme" by Puccini? Lucia
The cover of 1969 album "A Salty Dog" by which band was based on the cigarette packet of Player's Navy Cut? Procul Harum
Dominetta Vitali, known simply as Domino, is a fictional character and the main Bond girl in which novel? Thunderball
Who composed the 1867 opera "The Fair Maid of Perth"? Georges Bizet
Milt Jackson, also known as "Bags" was a jazz player of which instrument? Vibraphone
Which Delibes ballet has the subtitle "The Girl With The Enamel Eyes"? Coppelia
What does "Cordon Bleu" translate as? Blue Ribbon
Who wrote poetry compilation "Flowers For Hitler" and novel "Beautiful Losers"? Leonard Cohen
How was singer Mary O'Brien better known? Dusty Springfield
The Bessemer Process is used in the mass production of what? Steel
What is the RAF's highest rank? Marshal of the RAF
Which dog breed's name means "swift" in Russian? Borzoi
What name is given to the topic in applied science and engineering dealing with the mechanical properties of liquids or fluids? Hydraulics
Which species of bird, native to the UK, lays the biggest egg? Mute Swan
What is the Morse Code for the letter 'X'? Dash Dot Dot Dash
Which planet in the solar system has the greatest surface gravity? Jupiter
Frederick Sanger won two Nobel Prizes in which of the six fields? Chemistry
Which cloud type is sometimes called "Mare's tails"? Cirrus
In the Navy, at what time does the first 'dog watch' begin? 4pm
The Bell Witch of southern US folklore is synonymous with which state? Tennessee
Who played the psychotherapist in both films "Analyse This" and "Analyse That"? Billy Crystal
Which US actor and director, who died in 2014, directed "Analyse This" and "Analyse That"? Harold Ramis
Which character did Kermit the Frog play in "A Muppet Christmas Carol"? Bob Cratchit
Which Mexican-American self-taught dog behaviourist appeared as "The Dog Whisperer" from 2004 to 2012? Cesar Millan
Who played Wyatt Earp to Val Kilmer's Doc Holliday in the 1993 film "Tombstone"? Kurt Russell
Which English actress, born 1968, received Oscar nominations for roles in "21 Grams" and "The Impossible" and starred in Peter Jackson's remake of "King Kong"? Naomi Watts
Which star of "Drop Dead Gorgeous" "8 Mile" and "Uptown Girls" died of pneumonia and anaemia in 2009 aged 32? Brittany Murphy
Who directed Encounters at the End of the World (2007), Grizzly Man (2005) and Lo & Behold, Reveries of the Connected World (2016)? Werner Herzog
Who directed the films "Basic Instinct" and "Showgirls"? Paul Verhoeven
In which 2000 film is the "Green Destiny" sword sought after? Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
What is the subtitle of the "Bridget Jones 2" film? The Edge of Reason
What is the surname of the siblings in the Narnia chronicles? Pevensie
Bruce Willis provided the voice for RJ in the film "Over The Hedge" - what type of creature is RJ? Raccoon
The film "Gilda", starring Rita Hayworth, is mainly set in which city? Buenos Aires
Harold and Lilian are the forenames of which Shrek character's parents? Princess Fiona
Daniel Day-Lewis, Judi Dench, Nicole Kidman, Marion Cotillard, Penélope Cruz, Sophia Loren, Kate Hudson, and Stacy Ferguson all starred in which 2009 'musical drama metafilm'? Nine
The Legend of Fritton's Gold was the subtitle to which 2009 British film sequel? St Trinian's 2
Who played the heroine Sookie Stackhouse in TV series "True Blood"? Anna Paquin
Who co-starred in the crime drama series Wire in the Blood as Carol Jordan, played Karen Marsden in Cold Feet and Ros in Spooks? Hermione Norris
Stromboli is part of which island group? Aeolian Islands/Lipari Islands
Which body of water separates Mexico and Cuba? Yucatan Channel
The volcanoes Paricutin and Popocatapetl lie in which country? Mexico
Which body of water separates Florida and Cuba? Straits of Florida
The Khone waterfalls, often called the world's wildest, are in which country? Laos
The shingle Hurst Spit projects one and a half miles into which body of water off the coast of the UK? The Solent
Which two islands are separated by the Sunda Strait? Java and Sumatra
The strait separating Nova Scotia and Newfoundland is named after which man? John Cabot
The Guiara Falls lies on the border of which two countries? Brazil, Paraguay
Which man first crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope? Blondin
Which body of water lies between Norway and Denmark? Skagerrak
Which body of water lies between Sweden and Denmark? Kattegat
Copenhagen lies on which island? Zealand (Sjaelland in Danish)
Which body of water lies between Scotland and The Orkneys? Pentland Firth
Which body of water lies between Scotland & Lewis/Harris? The Minch
Where is the volcano Kilauea? Hawaii
In which country are the Boyoma Falls, formerly called Stanley Falls? Democratic Republic of Congo
What is the lowest layer in the Earth's atmosphere? Troposphere
The Moskstraumen, also known as the maelstrom, lies off the coast of which country? Norway
In which US state are the Minnehana Falls? Minnesota
Which European capital city was founded by King Gustav Vasa in 1550? Helsinki
Which city's name is also a term that means to force someone to join a ship lacking a full crew by drugging them or using other underhand means? Shanghai
Who was the first woman to serve as House Speaker in the US house of Representatives? Nancy Pelosi
Signed on 10 September [O.S. 30 August] 1721 what was the last peace treaty of the Great Northern War of 1700–1721? Treaty of Nystad
In terms of differentiating between the Julian and Gregorian calendars, for what does O.S. stand? Old Style
In 1812, Helsinki replaced which city as Finland's capital? Turku
In which year were the Summer Olympics held in Helsinki? 1952
Meaning 'Fortress of Finland' which UNESCO WHS was built by the Swedes as Sveaborg in the mid 18th-century? Suomenlinna
Which clergyman, with a Latin-sounding name (1510-57), became the de facto founder of literary Finnish and a prominent proponent of the Protestant Reformation in Sweden? Mikael Agricola
Carl Ludvig Engel, a German architect, had a big impact on which country's architecture in the 19th century? Finland
Deriving from the Latin for 'a cutting', what name is given to an audible pause that breaks up a line of poetry? Caesura
Which almond filling used in cakes, tarts and pastries is thought to be named after the perfumer to King Louis XIII of France? Frangipane
Which capital city stands at the confluence of the rivers Alzette and Petrusse? Luxembourg City
What name is given to the bluish-brown halo that can be seen around the Sun in the presence of large amounts of dust in the stratosphere, typically observed after a large volcanic eruption? Bishop's Ring
Which king of Greek mythology, when defeated by Odysseus for the armour of Achilles, went mad and slaughtered a herd of sheep before killing himself? Ajax
Which Labour MP lost her Bethnal Green and Bow constituency to George Galloway in 2005? Oona King
For which stage and film musical did Dolly Parton write the hugely popular song 'I Will Always Love You'? The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas
In 1898, which American writer and adventurer became the first person to sail single-handedly around the world? Joshua Slocum
Which 1980 film, starring Robert Redford and directed by Stuart Rosenberg, was set in Wakefield Prison Farm? Brubaker
Which 17th Century female artist painted 'Judith and Holofernes', a depiction of the Biblical story of Judith beheading the Assyrian general Holofernes? Artimesia Gentileschi
Created by: garyegrant