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AP Lit. Fernando 3

AP Literary Devices for AP Lit. Exam

Characterization the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character.
Indirect characterization the autor reveals to the reader what the character is like by describing how the character looks and dresses, by letting the reader hear what the character says, by revealing the character's private thoughts and feelings.
Direct characterization the author tells us directly what the character is like: sneaky, generous, mean to pets and son on.
Static Character is one who does not change much in the course of a story.
Dynamic Character Is one who changes in some important way as a result of the story's action.
Flat Character Has only one or two personality traits. They are one dimensional, like a piece of cardboard. They can be summed up in one phrase.
Round Character Has more dimensions to their personalities ---they are complex, just a real people are.
Chiasmus In poetry, a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with the parts reversed.
Cliche is a word or phrase, often a figure of speech, that has become lifeless because of overuse.
Colloquialism a word or phrase in everyday use in conversation and informal writing but is inappropriate for formal situations.
Comedy in general, a story that ends with a happy resolution of the conflicts faced by the main character or characters.
Conceit an elaborate metaphor that compares two things that are startlingly different. Often an extended metaphor.
Confessional Poetry A twentieth century term used to describe poetry that uses intimate material from the poet's life.
Conflict the struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story.
External conflict conflicts can exist between two people, between a person or a machine or between a person a whole society.
Internal conflict a conflict can be internal, involving opposing forces within a person's mind.
Connotation the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase, in addition to its strict dictionary definition.
Couplet two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry.
Dialect Dialect away of speaking that is characteristic of a certain social group or of the inhabitants of a certain geographical area.
Created by: fernando luna



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