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CLEARYCivil War Trms

Civil War Key Terms

Secede to withdraw from or split from; term used to describe what the South attempted to do
Fort Sumter Where the Civil War began, 1861
Confederacy The southern states that attempted to pull out of the Union.What the states that had seceded called themselves
Union The states in the north that stayed united; What the United States was called during the war.
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America
Robert E. Lee General of the Confederacy; Main commander of the Confederate army
Abraham Lincoln President when the Civil War begin;
Ulysses S. Grant General for the Union; The leading Union general at the end of the Civil War
Border States Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky and Missouri; slaves states that never declared secession
Washington, DC Capitol of the Union
Richmond, VA Capitol of the Confederacy
King Cotton most important agricultural product of the South
Anaconda Plan Union plan to cut the south in half making it difficult to supply the troops
Blockade an effort to cut off food, supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force
Battle of Bull Run The first major battle of the war
Battle of Antietam The first battle fought in Union territory. Bloodiest single day of the war
Emancipation Proclamation Document signed by Lincoln freeing the slaves in the Confederacy
Battle of Gettysburg The deadliest battle of the war; Fought on Union territory; Union victory is turning point of the war
Gettysburg Address Lincoln’s famous speech given after the Battle of Gettysburg
Created by: clearyspub