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A P Lit Duarte

A P Literary Terms for A P Lit Exam

Allegory Story or poem in which charcters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities.
Allteration Repition of the same or similar constant sounds in words that are close together.
Allusion Reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, or another branch of culture.An indirect refernce to something.
Ambiguity Deliberately suggesting two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meaning in a work. An event or situation that may interpreted in more than one way-this is done on purpose, it is vagueness, and detracts from the work.
Analogy Comparison made between two things to show how they are alike.
Anaphora Reptition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
Anastrophe Inversion of the usual, normal, or logical order of the parts of a sentence. Purpose is rhythm or emphasis or euphony. It is a fancy word for inversion.
Anecdote Brief story, told to illustrate a point or serve as an example of something, often shows character of an individual.
Antagonist Opponent who struggles against or blocks the hero, or protagonist, in a story.
Antimetabole Repetition of words in successive clauses in reverse grammitcal order.
Antithesis Balancing words, phrases, or ideas that are stongly contrasted, often by means of grammatical structure.
Antihero central character who lacks all the qualities traditionally associated with heroes. May lack courage, grace, intelligence, or moral scruples.
Anthropomorphism Attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanmiate object(Personifiacation)
Aphorism Breif, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life, or of a principle or accepte3d general truth.
Apostrophe Calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea. If the character is asking a god or goddess for inspiration it is called an Invocation.
Apposition Placing in immediately succeeding order of two ore more coordinate elements, the latter of which is an explanation, qualification, or modification of the first .
Assonance The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words that are together.
Asyndeton Commas used without conjuction to separate a series of words, thus emphasizing the parts equally.
Balance Constructing a sentence so that both halves area about the same length and importance. Sentences can be unbalanced to serve a special effect as well.
Characterization The process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character.
Indirect Characterization The author reveals to the reader what the character is like by describing how the charcter looks and dresses, by letting the reader hear what the character says, by revealing the character effect on other people, or by showing the character in action.
Direct characterization The author tells us directly what the character is like: sneaky, generous, mean to pets and so on. Romantic style literature relied more heavily on this form.
Static Character Is one who does not change much in the course of a story.
Dynamic Character Is one who changes in some important was as a result of the story's action.
Flat Character Has only one or two personality traits. They are one dimensional, like a piece of cardboard.
Round Character Has more dimensions to their personalities---they are complex, just a real people are.
Created by: sandyduarte1