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tar and gzip

Archive and compression

QuestionAnswer
Create a new archive tar -c
Verbose - list files being written tar -v
Specify the file to create or unpack tar -f
Compress/decompress a file using gzip tar -z
Extract the files tar -x
Compress/decompress a file using bzip2 tar -j
Change to a specified directory tar -C
List the contents of an archive tar -t
Backup and compress the /home directory to /root/home_backup.tar.gz tar -cvzf /root/home/backup.tar.gz /home
Extract and decompress /root/home/backup.tar.gz to the /home directory tar -xvzf /root/home/backup.tar.gz /home
Write to standard output gzip/gunzip - c
Decompress a file using gunzip gunzip -d
Recursively compress/decompress all files in directories/subdirectories gzip/gunzip - r
Suppress warnings with gzip gzip -q
Show gzip help screen gzip -h
Show gzip Licence gzip -L
Save the original file name and time stamp with gzip gzip -N
Omit saving original file and time stamp gzip -n
Check compressed file for integrity gzip -t
Force compression/decompression of file even if it has multiple links or the corresponding file already exists gzip/gunzip -f
Keep original file unchanged using bzip2 bzip2 -k
Append newer or updated files on an existing tar file (overwrite) tar -u
Append the newer files to the end of an existing tar file tar -r
Created by: johnadream