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Med term


Part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance Cerebellum
Pertaining to muscle and nerves Myoneural
Neurotransmitter Acetylcholine
Part of the nerve cell that first receives the nervous impulse is the Dendrite
Elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called Gyri
Burning sensation of pain Dysesthesia
A network of interlacing nerve fibers in peripheral nervous system Plexus
Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and body temperature Hypothalamus
Glial cells Astrocytes
Space between nerve cells is called the Stimulus
Part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels Medulla oblongata
Inability to speak Aphasia
Connection of spinal nerves below the end of the cord Cauda equina
Disease of the spinal cord Myelopathy
Collection of blood within the meningeal layers Hydrocephalus
Abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling Paresthesia
Inflammation of the spinal nerve root Polyneuritis
A highly malignant brain tumor Glioblastoma
Paralysis of four extremities Quadriplegia
Cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of Cerebrovascular accident
Fainting Syncope
Spina bifida is associated with Myleomeningocele
Parkinson disease is characterized by Shuffling gait
Disorder of reading, writing, and learning Dyslexia
Condition of no nervous sensation Anesthesia
Blood vessels (capillaries) that selectively let certain substances enter brain tissue and keep others out Blood Brain Barrier (BBB)
Type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transport water and salts from capillaries Astrocyte
Collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord Cauda equina
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells Acetylcholine
Microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell Brainstem
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord from receptors Axon
Lower portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord Afferent nerve
Part of nerve cell that contains nucleus Cell body
Middle layer of the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord Arachnoid membrane
Contains nerves that control involuntary body functions or muscles, glands, and internal organs Automatic nervous system
Motor nerve that carries messages away from the brain and spinal cord Efferent nerve
Largest part of the brain Cerebrum
Includes the brain and spinal cord Central nervous system
Microscopic branching fiber of a nerve cell that is first to receive a nervous impulse Dendrite
Posterior part of the brain; coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance Cerebellum
Glial (neuroglial) cell that lines membranes within the brain and spinal cord; helps form cerebrospinal fluid Ependymall cell
Outer region of the cerebrum; contains sheets of nerves Cerebral cortex
Circulates throughout the brain and spinal cord Cerebrospinal fluid
Thick, outermost lawyer of the meninges Dura mater
Twelve pairs of nerves that carry messages to and from the brain Cranial nerves
Portion of the brain that controls sleep, appetite, body temperature, and secretions from the pituitary gland Hypothalamus
White, fatty tissue that surrounds and insulates the axon of a nerve cell Myelin sheath
Supportive and connective type of nerve cell; does not carry nervous impulses Glial cell
Membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord Meninges
Sheet of nerve cells that produces a round fold on the surface of the brain Gyrus
Collection of nerve cell bodies in the PNS Ganglion
Portion of the brain just above the spinal cord; controls breathing, heartbeat, and size of blood vessels Medulla oblongata
Carries messages away from the brain and spinal cord; efferent nerve Motor nerve
Microscopic cord-like collection of fibers that carry electrical impulses Nerve
Part of the brain anterior to the cerebellum and between the medulla and rest of the midbrain Pons
Created by: Puahonegarcia
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