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CARMALT - Random questions on human body, functions, parts

4 front teeth on top and bottom of human mouth incisors
pointed teeth behind incisors, aka "eye teeth" canines
all teeth in human mouth other than incisors and canines molars
energy producing organelle in a cell mitochondrion
organelle that breaks down dead cells lysosome
organelle that assembles proteins ribosome
cell division phase where all chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell metaphase
cell division phase where chromosomes pull apart anaphase
cell division phase where nuclear membrane disappear prophase
digestive system organ with friendly microbes and loves to soak up water large intestines
system that controls response to invading microorganisms immune system
4 blood times A, B, AB, O
blood cells that play a role in the defense of the body white blood cells
gland increases metabolic rate, maintains calcium and potassium levels in blood thyroid gland
gland elevates heart rate, blood pressure, blood sugar, breathing but suppresses digestion adrenal gland
master gland controls all other glands hypothalamus
gland regulates immune system thymus glad
hollow ball of cells in early animal development blastula
tissue that eventually forms muscles mesoderm
tissue that forms nerve cells ectoderm
tissue that forms digestive system endoderm
basic units of heredity genes
cell structure where genes are found chromosomes
organisms overall appearance phenotype
energy produced in cell organelles mitochondria
4 types of organisms that live in or on human body viruses, bacteria, fungi, microscopic insects
blocked blood vessel that serves the brain may cause this stroke
blocked blood vessel in the heart starves the heart muscle and causes this heart attack
weak-walled blood vessel that bulges and may burst is this aneurysm
branches of nerve cells dendrites
three solids that make up human blood red cells, white cells, platelets
fluid of human blood plasma
percentage of water in plasma 90%
percentage of sugars, fats, salts, gases and proteins in blood 10%
CNS means ___ Central Nervous System
2 parts of the central nervous system brain, spinal column
part of brain that controls respiration, circulation, swallowing medulla
part of brain that controls balance and coordination cerebellum
part of brain that processes sensory information, controls voluntary muscles, center of thought, learning, memory, language, emotion cerebrum
Stopping antibiotics too soon results in "super bug" bacteria that is _____ to the antibiotic. resistant
warm-blooded, skin covered with hair, nurse young, live birth mammal
human's complete classification: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species Animalia, Vertebrata, Mammalia, Primate, Hominidae, Homo, sapiens
cell organelle controls what enters and leaves nucleus nuclear membrane
site for protein manufacture ribosome
cell organelle that breaks down cell structure lysosome
membrane network within a cell endoplasmic reticulum
filtering unit of the kidney nephron
connect sensory and motor neurons interneurons
verb meaning to supply with nerves innervate
neurons that innervate muscles motor neurons
neurons that transmit signals from receptors sensory neurons
nerve ending that carries out CNS commands, ie. impulse to contract muscle or glandular secretion effectors
main nerve trunk line spinal cord
element largest in human exhaled air nitrogen 78% (16% oxygen, 4% carbon dioxide)
causes "blind spot" in human eye optic nerve
back part of eye retina
transparent part of the eye that covers iris and pupil cornea
blood protein that helps clot blood fibrin
type of immunity where body creates antibodies in response to disease organism active immunity
type of immunity where protection by antibodies produced by the mother in the womb or by vaccine passive immunity
job of phagocytes, T-cells and B-cells find and destroy harmful bacteria and viruses
human organ hepatitis E attacks liver
type of organism that causes hepatitis E virus
hormone that produces female secondary sexual characteristics like breasts estrogen
hormone that promotes growth of the uterine lining progesterone
hormone that produces male secondary sexual characteristics like facial hair testosterone
Created by: EM4CARMALT