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PhlebSafety

Phlebotomy Safety

QuestionAnswer
What is the Regulating agency that regulates Blood Banks? AABB-American Assoc. of Blood Banks
What does CLIA stand for? Clinical Lab. Improve Amendments.
What agency is resposible for food recalls? FDA-Food and drug administration.
What agency is responsible for Chemical/Hazardous transportation? DOT-Dept. of Transportation.
What is JCAHO? Joint Commission on Accrediation of Healthcare Organizations.
What agency is mostly concerned with safety in the work place? OSHA
Give some examples of Bloodbourne Pathogens. Hepatitis B. Hepatitis C. HIV.
How long does Hepatitis B remain viable at room temp? 1 week.
What does Hepatitis B do to the body? Infects the liver. Can cause life long infection, cirrhosis, cancer, failure & death.
What is the PEP for Hepatitis B?(Post Exposure Prophylaxis) PEP is available. Hep B is only bbp w/vaccine. 3 shots, 99% effective.
What does Hepatitis C do to the body? Less virulent than Hep B. Can be asymptomatic. Symptoms (if present) are similar to Hep B. Hep C is most leading cause of Liver transplant.
What is the risk factor or accidental exposure to Hepatitis C? Is there PEP? 1.8% risk. No vaccine. No PEP
What does HIV do to the body? Attacks the bodys immune system.
How is HIV spread? Primarly through sexual contact. But by needles etc. is also common.
Is there a vaccine for HIV? How about PEP? No vaccine, POP is available.
What are Engineering Controls as it pertains to safety and Phlebotomy? Tools, devices and work stations designed to protect us.
What are some examples of Engineering controls? Hand washing facility, Safety Needles. Automatic Pipettes. Sharps containers. BioHaz.containers. Hoods. PPE. Biohaz. labels & warning signs.
What is MSDS? Materials Safety Data Sheet.
(NOTE) Study MSDS & Fire hazard symbols, etc. jjjl
Would you put acid in water or water in acid? Acid in water.
What are the Routes of entry for Toxins? Inhalation, Dermal, Ingestion, Injection.
What does the word RACE stand for as it pertains to fire safety? Rescue patients and visitors. Alarm, (call 911 and pull alarm). Contain fire/close doors. Extinguish fire/Evacuate.
When having to use a fire extinguisher, the word PASS is very important. What does PASS stand for? Pull the pin. Aim at the base. Squeeze the trigger. Sweep from side to side.
What are some things to remember to ensure Electrical Safety? Don't use extension cords. Don't use damaged cords or wall receptacles. Don't use electrical equipment if your surroundings are wet. Never use tacks on cords. Never break off the ground plug. Report "shocking equipment".
A patient have just had an X-ray done in Radiology. Is this patient a radiation hazard. No.
An oncology patient have an implant containing radiation. Is this patient a radiation hazard? Yes. Observe postings on door.
A patient is back in his bed after receiving radiation from Nuclear Medicine. Is this person a radiation risk? Only large doses possess a risk. Observe postings on door.
How can you protect yourself from Radiation? Minimize TIME near source. INCREASE distance from source. Use SHIELDING.
What is Ergonomics? Study of relationship between people, tasks, equipment and environment.
Explain Ergonomic Principles. People have different CAPABILITIES. The human body has known LIMITATIONS. Jobs are composed of task DEMANDS. DEMANDS>CAPABILITIES=PROBLEMS
Where are the sources of Ergonomic Risk? Work, task & meathods. Lifestyle & hobbies. Personal/medical conditions.
What are some examples or Work related Ergonomic risks? Workstations, akward hand-arm positions. contact stress. Repetition.
What is the most common hazard to a Phlebotomist? Sharps, needles & lancelets.
Give examples of what you can do to prevent an accidental stick? Never manually recap a needle. Don't remove used needle from syringe. Never bend or break needle.
What are the three steps to take if you have been accidentally stuck? 1. Immediately flood area with water. Use soap or skin disinfectant. 2. Report to employer. 3. Seek immediate medical attention.
Created by: Leilac