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CIT233 Ch 9

CIT233 Win Ent Services - Chapter 9 Certificate Services

TermDefinition
certificate practice statement (CPS) A document describing how a CA issues certificates containing the CA identity, security practices used to maintain CA integrity, types of certificates issued, the renewal policy, and so forth.
certificate revocation list (CRL) A list of certificates that the CA administrator has invalidated before their expiration dates.
certificate templates
CRL distribution point (CDP) An attribute of a certificate that identifies where the CRL for a CA can be retrieved; can include URLs for HTTP, FILE, FTP, and LDAP locations. See also certificate revocation list (CRL).
enterprise CA A server running Windows Server 2012/R2 with the AD CS role installed; integrates with Active Directory.
hash algorithm A mathematical function that takes a string of data as input and produces a fixed-size value as output. Hash values are used to verify that the original data hasn’t been changed and to sign CA certificates and certificates issued by the CA.
intermediate CAs A CA in a multilevel CA hierarchy that issue certificates to issuing CAs, which respond to user and device certificate requests; sometimes called a “policy CA.”
issuing CAs A CA that interacts with clients to field certificate requests and maintain the CRL. See also certificate revocation list (CRL).
key archival A method of backing up private keys and restoring them if users’ private keys are lost.
Network Device Enrollment Service (NDES) A service that allows network devices, such as routers and switches, to get certificates by using Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP), a Cisco proprietary protocol.
online responder (OR) A role service that enables clients to check a certificate’s revocation status without having to download the CRL. See also certificate revocation list (CRL).
public key infrastructure (PKI) A security system that binds a user’s or device’s identity to a cryptographic key that secures data transfers with encryption and ensures data authenticity with digital certificates.
registration authority A server configured with the Web Enrollment role service; also called a “CA Web proxy.”
restricted enrollment agent An enrollment agent that’s limited to enrolling only specific users or security groups; available only with an enterprise CA.
root CA The first CA installed in a network. Clients are configured to trust the root CA’s certificate, and then implicitly trust the certificate of any CA that’s subordinate to the root.
stand-alone CA A server running Windows Server 2012/R2 with the AD CS role installed; not integrated with Active Directory.
Created by: Leisac