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|What prompted/sparked the Persian Wars?
|a) Ionian Revolt - Athens helped Sardis (an Ionian state) to rebel against Persian rule & burn the city of Sardis to the ground b) Persia attacks island of Samos (colony of Athens) Athens comes to defend their colony
|Who was the Persian tyrants who set out to defeat Athens?
|Darius and Xerxes
|What was the date of the battle of Marathon?
|What was the portion of Persian soldiers to Greeks at marathon?
|According to legend, approximately how far was Phidippides’ run from Athens to Sparta?
|Did Sparta come to the aid of the Athenians? Why or why not?
|No, they were in the middle of a religious celebration
|Who won the Battle of Marathon?
|What is one possible reason for this incredible victory? Why is it believed the other side lost?
|Patriotism- the Athenians were defending their freedom, their democracy, and their way of life. The Persians were forced to fight; they were not invested in this war
|Who was Miltiades?
|Athenian general who lead the allied Greek forces to victory at Marathon
|What was the battle strategy used by the Athens at Marathon to defeat the Persians?
|Double Envelopment (thin middle to draw in the enemy then encircle with the flanks)