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Marathon Battle

What prompted/sparked the Persian Wars? a) Ionian Revolt - Athens helped Sardis (an Ionian state) to rebel against Persian rule & burn the city of Sardis to the ground b) Persia attacks island of Samos (colony of Athens) Athens comes to defend their colony
Who was the Persian tyrants who set out to defeat Athens? Darius and Xerxes
What was the date of the battle of Marathon? 490 BCE
What was the portion of Persian soldiers to Greeks at marathon? 2:1
According to legend, approximately how far was Phidippides’ run from Athens to Sparta? 140 miles
Did Sparta come to the aid of the Athenians? Why or why not? No, they were in the middle of a religious celebration
Who won the Battle of Marathon? Athens
What is one possible reason for this incredible victory? Why is it believed the other side lost? Patriotism- the Athenians were defending their freedom, their democracy, and their way of life. The Persians were forced to fight; they were not invested in this war
Who was Miltiades? Athenian general who lead the allied Greek forces to victory at Marathon
What was the battle strategy used by the Athens at Marathon to defeat the Persians? Double Envelopment (thin middle to draw in the enemy then encircle with the flanks)
Created by: haley.ireland