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TV Studio

Study Guide

TermDefinition
Super Graphics - usually words - superimposed over a television image giving details about it, such as a person’s name or where they are.
Talent Someone invited to be interviewed on radio or television.
Package A story told by a separate talent, usually tossed to by the anchor. Usually includes voice-over, graphics, Sound-on-tape, stand-up, etc.
Tease When the talent sells a story that is coming up later, to convince the viewer to stay tuned
Ice Breaker To ask the interviewee "can you please say and spell your name, please?" at the beginning of the interview
Rule-of-thirds To center the eyes of the interviewee in the top third of the frame.
B Roll- The video that is shot for the purpose of background for Voice-over footage
Bug A super that appears in the lower corner of the screen to identify the station or program
Transcript A word-for-word written version of an interview or other spoken segment.
Run To publish or broadcast a story.
Royalities Money paid to someone for using their work.
Spin Putting a positive slant on something bad or emphasizing only the positive aspects while ignoring the negatives.
Scoop An important or significant news published or broadcast before other competing media know of it.
Wob White text on a black or dark coloured background.
Voice Over A television technique in which a reporter or narrator speaks while vision is being shown on screen.
Pan Slowly moving a television camera left or right in an arc parallel to the ground.
Objective Journalism A basic type of journalism practiced in democracies in which the journalists do not allow their personal biases to affect their work, they take a neutral stance even on difficult matters and give a fair representation of events and issues.
News Information which is new, unusually and interesting or significant to the recipient. It is usually about people or related in some way to their lives.
Multimedia The way of presenting a subject using different types of media, such as video, audio, text and images in combination.
Live Being broadcast as it happens.
Kill To cancel or delete all or part of a story.
Inverted Pyramid The most common structure for writing a news story, with the main news at the start and the rest of the detail following in decreasing order of importance.
Interview A formal, usually structured conversation between a journalist and a source to get information for a story.
Follow Up A story which is written to report new or more detailed information on a story which has already been published or broadcast.
Feature A longer article or radio story, usually in greater depth and complexity than a simple news item.
Cross Fade To move from one audio or video source to another, by fading down the first while fading up the second.
Crawl Type moving across the top or bottom of a television screen. Used by news stations to show the main headlines of the moment, stock exchange prices, the weather or other useful current information
Copyright The legal right to control the use of a literary, musical, dramatic or artistic work, more specifically by making or using copies of that work.
Chroma Key A process by which a person is filmed in front of a blank screen, onto which is then added still or moving pictures, often to make it appear they are at the scene
Attribute To identify who said something, either as a quote or as reported speech. Attribution is important to maintain credibility.
Ad-Lib Unscripted talking, usually by a broadcaster.
Transitions In news reporting, a way of moving smoothly from one story or section of a story to another.
Tip Information given to a reporter about a possible story.
Stock Footage Shots of common events held in a newsroom’s video library and used to illustrate parts of television stories.
Created by: joannaroller98