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8.AR-AudTrngApproach

Aural Rehab SLP401

TermDefinition
4 Categories Analytic, Synthetic, Pragmatic, Eclectic
Analytic Break speech into smaller components (e.g. vowel/consonant same/different; identify closed set words "run-money-ball")
Synthetic more global, clues from syntax/context (Ex: topical words from a conversation must be repeated back)
Pragmatic Train listener to control communication variables: level of speech, s/n ratio, context/complexity of message. (QUEST?AR, Erber - Conversation-like.)
Eclectic combines the other three
Erber's approach: GASP, Glendonald Auditory Screen Procedure 3 subtests (phonemes, words, sentences), 4 levels of audition (detection, discrimination, identification, comprehension). 6 levels of stimuli (Speech elements, Syllables, Words, Phrases, Sentences, Connected Discourse)
Erber's 3 AR styles Natural conversation. Moderately structured. Practice on specific tasks.
DASL II Developmental approach to successful listening.
DASL II Mainly preschool & school-age w/ HAs or CIs. Sequencial, highly structured. Skills targeted (sound awareness, phonetic listening, auditory comprehension). Pretest Sequencial activities provided.
SKI-HI Sensory Kids Impaired Home Intervention (for infants & toddler) Developmentally-based (4 phases, 11 skills). Highly structured, extensive activites User-friendly, widely used.
SKI-HI phase 1 Attending, early vocalizing
SKI-HI phase 2 Recognizing. Locating. Vocalizing w/ inflection.
SKI-HI phase 3 Hearing at distances and levels. Vowels and consonants.
SKI-HI phase 4 Environmental discrimination and comprehension. Vocal discrimination and comprehension. Speech sound discrimination and comprehension. Speech use.
SPICE Speech Perception Instructional Curriculum and Evaluation. A guide for clinicians. Age 3+, severe-profound HL. 4 skill levels (detection, suprasegmentals, cons/vow perception, connected speech). Pretest. User-friendly.
Consonant Recognition Training For adults. Analytic (broken down syllable drills). Audition or audiovisual combo. Mixed efficacy evidence
Communication Training and Therapy Strictly pragmatic. use of anticipatory & repair strategies
Communication Training and Therapy - Anticipatory strategies Minimize distance. Optimize HA volume. Reduce competing signals. Use situational cues ("not to change the subject but...")
Communication Training and Therapy - Repair strategies Ask to repeat all or part of message. Ask to rephrase or simplify. Ask follow-up for confirmation or elaboration.
Aural Rehab Groups Informal alternative. 6-10 wks. Education. Support. Skill bldg. Counseling.
Conversational styles (3) Passive. Aggressive. Assertive (proactive advocation - most successful).
Computerized Approaches Earobics (common core stds, personalized reading solution preK-3). Hearbuilder (phonological awareness). LACE -
LACE Listening And Communication Enhancement (brain training exercises for hearing better in noise). Targets HL and aging effects on processing speed, working memory, distractions.
Created by: ashea01