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Point Theory Midterm

Point Theory

QuestionAnswer
What is the pathway of the Lung Channel? Starts in middle Jiao, descends to connect with large intestine, ascends to circle stomach, through the diaphragm, connects with the lungs, exits through armpit, descends down along the elbow on the inside of the arm, inserts into thenar and exits thumb.
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Lung Meridian? wheezing, asthma, fullness of the chest, pain in Quepen. If severe, patient will cross his arms and feel like fainting
What are the pathogenic manifestations on Lung organ? coughing, adverse qi flow, wheezing, agitation, pain in the upper arm, feverish sensation on the palm
What is the front Mu point of the Lung Channel? LU 1
What is the name of the Lung Channel? Hand Taiyin
What anatomical landmark is associated with LU 1 and LU 2? Deltopectoral Triangle
What are the indications for LU 3? asthma, pain in the upper arm, calming rebellious qi
What anatomical landmarks are associated with LU 3? M. Biceps Brachii and deltoid muscle
What is the main indication of LU 4? fullness of chest
What anatomical landmarks are associated with LU 4? Cephalic vein, brachial artery and vein, and m. bicep brachii
What is the water point for the Lung Channel? What is its Mother Point? LU 5, LU 8
What is the He Sea point of the Lung Channel? LU 5
What are the indications for LU 5? cough, asthma, convulsion, sore throat, spasmodic pain of arm and elbow, dissipates phlegm in meridian
What are the main anatomical landmarks associated with LU 5? cubital crease and bicep
What is the Xi cleft point of the Lung Meridian? LU 6
What is the innervation of LU 6? radial nerve
What are the indications for LU 6? acute bleeding, clears blood and lung heat, acute lung disease, stops a nose bleed
What is the Luo Connecting point of the Lung Channel? LU 7
What is the confluent point of the Lung Channel? LU 7
What is the main indication for LU 7? Headache, sadness
What is the metal point of the Lung Channel? LU 8
What is the Shu stream point of the Lung Channel? LU 9 (this is also the Yuan Primary point and the influential point of vessel)
What is the Ying Spring point of the Lung Channel? LU 10
What is the fire point of the Lung Channel? LU 10
What is the main indication for LU 10? loss of voice, sore throat
What is the wood point for the Lung Channel? LU 11
What is the Jing Well point for the Lung Channel? LU 11
What are the main indications for LU 11? loss of consciousness, point for resuscitation, mania
How does acupuncture work? stimulates or calms the nerve, energizes the organs, relaxes muscle spasms, increase CBC, vasodilation, vasoconstriction, increase muscular and joint activity, reduce inflammation, increase metabolism
What are the benefits of acupuncture? wide range of applications, fast results, convenient, safe to apply, economical
What is a meridian? the pathway for Qi and blood to travel in order to nourish tendons and bones, as well as to moisturize the joints
What are the two "parts" of a meridian? Jing- Pathway that goes everywhere; Luo- nest that covers everywhere
Describe the 12 main meridians. 1. They connect to the organ directly. 2. communicate with Yin and Yang. 3. the pathway of Qi and Blood 4. distributed evenly covering the whole body and connect the interior and exterior, upper and lower, parts of our body.
What are the Yang Channel Source points? LU 9, HT 7, SP 3, LI 4, SI 4, ST 42
What is the definition of a Luo Connecting Point? These points are where the Luo connecting channel splits from the main channel to connect to its partner channel.
What organs does the Heart Channel run through? Heart, lungs, and small intestine (also runs through diaphragm and crosses spleen channel)
What is the pathway of the Heart Channel? starts at heart. Internally travels down thru diaphragm to sm. intestine. also up from heart along throat, enters eyes/connects w/ brain. shallowly travels thru lungs, exits axilla. Medial aspect of arm across cubital fossa. exits medial aspect of pinky
What is the name of the Heart Channel? Hand Shaoyin
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Heart Channel? dry vomit, pain around the heart region, thirst with desire to drink, numbness in the arm
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Heart organ? yellow color in eye, pain and numbness along side the posterior-medial side of arm, heat sensation in palm
What types of conditions can be treated using the Heart Channel? conditions pertaining to heart and lungs, emotional issues, pathogenic signs along the channel
What are the main indications for HT 1? This point dissipates qi and blood stagnation and opens the chest. Indications: Pain in the heart and axilla region, vomiting, cold pain along the arm, spasm in the extremities, sore and swollen throat, arrhythmia, coronary artery disease
What are the main indications for HT 2? pain on the heart, arm and armpit
What is the location of HT 2? on the medial aspect of the upper arm, 3 cun above the cubital crease, on the line connecting HT 1 and HT 3, in the groove medial to the bicep muscle
What is the He Sea point of the Heart Channel? HT 3
What are the main indications for HT 3? Dissipates wind to relieve pain. Indications: Paint and numbness in arms, scrofula, tremor in hand with pain in the arm
What points are best for treating psychological problems? HT 4, HT 5, HT 6 and HT 7
What is the Jing River point of the Heart Channel? HT 4
What are the main indications for HT 4? cardio-vascular system diseases, psychological conditions
What is the Luo Connecting Point of the Heart Channel? HT 5
What is the Xi Cleft point of the Heart Channel? HT 6
What is the Shu Stream point of the Heart Channel? HT 7 (Also Yuan primary point)
What is the Ying Spring point of the Heart Channel? HT 8
What are the main indications for HT 8? Psychological conditions, conditions around genital area, heat sensation in palm, spasm in small finger, PTSD
What is the location of HT 8? on the palm between the 4th and 5th metacarpal bones, in the place where the tip of the pinky rests when a fist is made
What is the Jing Well point of the Heart Channel? HT 9
What is the name of the Large Intestine Channel? Hand Yang Ming
What is the pathway of the Large Intestine Channel? R side index finger, btwn 1 & 2 metac. bones. Lat. ant. aspect of arm. Highest point of shoulder, ant. border of acromion process, up to C7, down to SCF, lung, diaphragm, lg intestine. SCF, up neck, thru cheek, into lower gum, around lip to side of nose
What organs does the Large Intestine Channel pass through? Lung, Large intestine, diaphragm
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Large Intestine Channel? toothache, swollen neck, yellow eyes, dried mouth, nose bleeding, close of the throat, arm pain and pain in thumb and index finger
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Large Intestine organ? issues affecting moisture: dry stool, constipation
What is the metal point of the Large Intestine Channel? LI 1
What is the Jing Well point of the Large Intestine? LI 1
What is the Ying Spring point of the LI Channel? LI 2
What is the water point of the LI Channel? LI 2
What is the wood point of the Large Intestine Channel? LI 3
What is the Shu Stream point of the Large Intestine Channel? LI 3
What are the main indications for LI 3? toothache, ophthalmalgia, sore throat
What is the Yuan Primary point for the LI Channel? LI 4
What is the main indication for LI 4? PAIN. Facial pain and general pain
What is the Jing River point of the LI Channel? LI 5
What are the main indications for LI 5? Headache, redness and pain in the eyes, tinnitus
What is the Luo Connecting point for the LI Channel? LI 6
What points lie along the radial nerve? LI 1 - LI 11
What are the most important anatomical landmarks for LI 6? extensor carpi radialis and extensor pollicis longus
What is the Xi Cleft point of the LI Channel? LI 7
What are the main indications for LI 7? heat on yang ming channel, acute bleeding disorders pertaining to channel organs, diarrhea with yang ming heat
What are the main indications for LI 10? golf elbow, diarrhea, pain in the shoulder and neck , supinator syndrome
What are the main indications for LI 11? hypertension, swelling and pain in lower gums, yang ming heat syndrome
What is the He Sea point for the LI Channel? LI 11
What are the main indications for LI 12? Motor impairment of the arm, arm pain
What are the main indications for LI 13? Scrofula, pain and motor impairment of the arm
What are the main indications for LI 14? Conjunctivitis, acute rigidity of the neck, pain in the arm and shoulder
What is the most important anatomical landmark for LI 14? Deltoid muscle
What are the main indications for LI 15? frozen shoulder, pain and motor impairment of the shoulder and neck.
What is the most important anatomical landmark for LI 15? axillary nerve and supraclavicular nerve
What are the most important anatomical landmarks for LI 16? acromion process of clavicle and scapular spine
What is the main indication for LI 16? pain in the upper extremities
What are the most important anatomical landmarks for LI 17? sternal head and clavicular head of the SCM
What are the main indications for LI 17? difficulties swallowing, scrofula, loss of voice
What are the main indications for LI 18? loss of voice, sore throat
What are the most important anatomical landmarks for LI 18? supraclavicular nerve and the phrenic nerve
What is the most important anatomical landmark for LI 19? Trigeminal nerve
What are the main indications for LI 19? nasal obstruction, loss of smell, nose bleed
What are the most important anatomical landmarks for LI 20? facial nerve and infraorbital nerve
What are the main indications for LI 20? runny or stuffy nose, deviation of the mouth
What is the pathway of the Spleen Channel? med. side of big toe, along foot at red/white skin border, med. aspect of leg along pos. side of tibia, thigh, enters ab at groin, spleen, stomach, diaphragm, along esophagus to tongue. from stomach, thru diaphragm, exits at 6/7th IC space on midax. line
At what point does the Spleen Channel cross the Liver Channel? SP 6
What is the name of the Spleen Channel? Foot Taiyin
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Spleen organ? indigestion, loose stool, jaundice, difficulty with urination, irritable in abdomen, difficulty getting comfortable when laying down
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Spleen Channel? tongue stiffness, vomiting when ingesting food stomachache, belching, heavy sensation of the body
What are the main types of conditions that can be treated using the Spleen Channel? Digestion and reproductive issues
What is the wood point of the Spleen Channel? SP 1
What is the fire point of the Spleen Channel? SP 2
What is the earth point of the Spleen Channel? SP 3
What is the water point of the Spleen Channel? SP 9
What is the metal point of the Spleen Channel? SP 5
What is the Luo Connecting point of the Spleen Channel? SP 4
What is the Jing Well point on the Spleen Channel? SP 1
What is the Ying Spring point of the Spleen Channel? SP 2
What is the Shu Stream point of the Spleen Channel? SP 3 (also Yuan Primary Point)
What is the Jing River point of the Spleen Channel? SP 5
What is the He Sea point of the Spleen Channel? SP 9
What is the Xi Cleft point of the Spleen Channel? SP 8
What are the main indications for SP 1? bleeding disorders, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, bloating, vomiting and stomachache, emotional disorders, mania
What are the main indications for SP 2? This point receives Qi from SP 1 and stores it. Focal distention, indigestion, leg cramps, heavy sensation of the body
What are the main indications for SP 3? indigestion or stagnant sensation after eating, borborygmus, diarrhea, diabetes
What two points are best for treating diabetes? SP 3 and SP 4
What are the main indications for SP 4? connects with Chong Meridian; good for treating reproductive issues, especially in women
What are the main indications for SP 5? Jaundice, malabsorption,
What is the location of SP 5? In the depression distal and inferior to the medial malleolus, midway between the tuberosity of the navicular bone and the tip of the medial malleolus
What is the location of SP 6? 3 cun above the tip of the medial malleolus, on the posterior border of the medial aspect of the tibia
What is the location of SP 7? 6 cun above the tip of the medial malleolus, on the posterior border of the medial aspect of the tibia (between tibia and fibula)
What is location of SP 8? 3 cun below SP 9, on the line connecting SP 9 and the tip of the medial malleolus
What is the location of SP 9? On the medial aspect of the lower leg, in the depression of the lower border of the medial condyle of the tibia.
What are the main indications for SP 6? dysmenorrhea, regulating water channel for draining damp heat
At what point do the Spleen, Kidney, and Liver Channels meet? SP 6 (a major tonifying point for these three organs)
What are the main indications for SP 8? gynecological disorders, abdominal pain. Good for regulating blood and Qi
What are the main indications for SP 9? treats damp-heat, abdominal distention, borborygmus, diarrhea, genital pain, dysmenorrhea
What are the main indications for SP 10? circulatory system disorders, gynecological disorders, treating damp-heat
What is the main anatomical landmark for SP 10? Medial border of patella
What are the main indications for SP 11? difficult urination, urine incontinence, erectile dysfunction
What are the main indications for SP 12? hernia, inguinal pain, abnormal/excessive vaginal discharge, harmonizing Chong and Ren
At what point do the Spleen and Liver Channels meet? SP 6
At what point do the Spleen, liver, and Yin Wei Channels meet? SP 13
What are the main indications for SP 14? indigestion, abdominal pain, abdominal distention
What are the main indications for SP 15? abdominal pain with deficiency and stagnation
What are the meeting points of the Spleen and Yin Wei Channels? SP 15 and 16
What is the main indication for SP 16? digestive system disorders
In what intercostal space is SP 17 located? 5th
What are the main indications for SP 18? lack of lactation, mastitis, fullness in the chest, cough, asthma
In what intercostal space is SP 19 located? 3rd
What are the main indications for SP 20? intercostal pain, cough, asthma
What are the main indications for SP 21? motor impairment of limbs, malnourishment, malabsorbtion. MOSTLY ONLY MOXA
What is the Great Luo Connecting point of the Spleen Channel? SP 21
In what intercostal space is LU 1 located? 1st
What is the Jing River point of the Lung Channel? LU 8
What is the water point of the Lung Channel? LU 5
What is the earth point on the Lung Channel? LU 9
What is the Window of the Sky point of the Large Intestine Channel? LI 18
What is the Jing Well point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 1
What is the Ying Spring point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 2
What is the Shu Stream point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 3
What is the Jing River point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 5
What is the He Sea point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 8
What is the metal point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 1
What is the name of the Small Intestine Channel? Hang Tai Yang
What is the wood point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 3
What is the water point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 2
What is the fire point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 5
What is the earth point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 8
What is the Xi Cleft point for the Small Intestine Channel? SI 6
What are the Window of the Sky points on the Small Intestine Channel? SI 16 and 17
What are the main indications for SI 1? wind-heat conditions, lack of lactation, lack of sweating, stiffness in tongue
What are the main indications for SI 2? neck and upper back pain, an influential point for the Du Meridian
What are the main indications for SI 3? an influential point for the Du Meridian, prevention of seasonal infectious diseases
What are the main indications for SI 4? back, wrist, elbow, and neck problems
At what point does the Small Intestine Channel intersect with the Heart Channel (Luo Connecting Point)? SI 7
What is the main anatomical landmark for SI 11 and SI 12? Superclavicular Fossa
What is the location of SI 2? on the ulnar aspect of the hand, distal to the 5th metacarpophalangeal joint, at the end of the transverse crease of the metacarpophalangeal joint, at the junction of the red and white skin
What is the location of SI 3? on the ulnar aspect of the hand, proximal to the 5th metacarpophalangeal joint, at the end of the transverse crease of the metacarpophalangeal joint, at the junction of the red and white skin
What is the main indication for SI 10? pain and swelling in the shoulder
What is the location of SI 4? On the ulnar aspect of the palm, in the depression between the 5th metacarpal bone and hamate bone, at the junction of the red and white skin.
What is the location of SI 6? On the dorsal ulnar aspect of the forearm, in the depression on the radial side of the styloid process of the ulna.
What are the main indications for SI 6? shoulder pain and stiffness
What is the main indication for SI 7? motor impairment
What are the main anatomical landmarks for SI 8? tip of olecranon process of ulna and top of medial epicondyle of the humerus
What is the location of SI 9? Posterior and inferior to the shoulder joint, when the arm is adducted, the point is 1 cun above the posterior end of the axillary fossa
What is the location of SI 10? On the shoulder, directly above the posterior end of the axillary fossa, in the depression inferior to the scapular spine.
What are the main indications for SI 11 and SI 12? shoulder pain
What is the location of SI 11? In the infrascapular fossa, at the junction of the upper and middle third of the distance between the lower border of the scapular spine and the inferior angle of the scapula.
What are the main indications for SI 13? obstructive pain, Qi and Blood stagnation
What is the main indication for SI 14? shoulder pain/issues
How far is SI 15 from DU 14? 2 cun lateral
What are the main indications for SI 16? ear pain, deafness, hoarseness of voice, neck pain, HBP
What is the location of SI 16? On the lateral aspect of the neck, in the posterior border of SCM, posterior to LI 18, level with the Adam's apple.
What is the location of SI 17? On the lateral aspect of the neck, posterior to the angle of the mandible, in the depression on the anterior border of SCM
What is the location of SI 18? On the face, directly below the outer canthus of the eye, in the depression on the lower border of zygomatic bone
What are the main indications for SI 18? deviation of face, twitching eyelids, conjunctivitis
What is the location for SI 19? On the region of the face, anterior to the tragus and posterior to the condyloid process of the mandible, in the depression formed when the mouth is open.
What are the main indications for SI 19? deafness, tinnitus, ear infection
What is the pathway of the Stomach Channel? lat. side of nose ridge, upper gum, cheek, angle of mandible, front of ear, into forehead, back to DU 14, along throat, enters SCF, diaphragm, stomach, spleen. From SCF, nipple, by umbilicus, femur, knee, ant. lat. aspect of tibia, lat side of 2nd toe
Where do the internal and external pathways of the Stomach Channel meet? ST 30
Describe the tibial branch of the Stomach channel? Emerges at ST 36 and goes to lateral side of middle toe
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Stomach Channel? sweating, nose bleed, neck and throat swelling/pain, edema, bloating, pain along channel, rigidity in middle finger
What are the pathogenic manifestations on the Stomach organ? chills and fever, aversion to heat, frightened at the sound of wood, agitation, dark complexion. At its worst, patient will want to climb high and take off their clothes.
What are the main types of conditions treated by the Stomach Channel? emotional diseases, digestive diseases, pain in the head, face, nose and teeth
What are the main indications for ST 1? redness in eyes, lacrimation, night blindness, swelling of the eyes
What is the innervation of ST 1? infraorbital nerve, oculomotor nerve, muscular branch of facial nerve
What point is the meeting point of the Stomach, Yang Xiao, and Ren Channels? ST 1
What are the main indications for ST 2? facial pain, eye pain, twitching of eye lids, headache
What are the main indications for ST 3? facial deviation, facial paralysis, nose bleed, loss of smell
What are the main indications for ST 4? facial deviation, salivation issues, failure to close mouth
What is the main anatomical landmark for ST 3? ala nasi
What are the main indications for ST 5? facial paralysis, trigeminal neuralgia, trismus, toothache
What is the innervation for ST 4? infraorbital nerve, facial nerve, buccal nerve
What is the innervation for ST 5? facial nerve and buccal nerve
What are the main anatomical landmarks for ST 5? masseter muscle, facial artery and vein, angle of mandible
What is the main anatomical landmark for ST 6? masseteric artery
What is the innervation for ST 6? great auricular nerve, facial nerve, masseteric nerve
What are the main indications for ST 6? toothache, facial paralysis, mumps, trigeminal neuralgia
What are the main indications for ST 7? jaw pain, deafness, tinnitus, TMJ, trigeminal neuralgia
What is the innervation for ST 7? facial nerve and auriculo-temporal nerve
What are the main anatomical landmarks for ST 7? zygomatic arch, mandibular notch, maxillary artery and vein and facial artery and vein
What are the main indications for ST 8? headache, ophthalmalgia, lacrimation
What are the main indications for ST 9? goiter, sore throat, flushing of face
What are the main anatomical landmarks for ST 9? adam's apple, border of SCM, thyroid and carotid artery
What is the innervation for ST 9? cutaneous nerve, facial nerve, hypoglossal nerve, vagus nerve
What is the innervation for ST 10? cervical nerve, sympathetic nerve
What is the location of ST 10? On the neck, on the anterior border of SCM, at the midpoint of the line joining ST 9 and ST 11.
What are the main indications for ST 11? goiter, asthma, sore throat, pain and rigidity of the neck
What is the innervation for ST 11? supraclavicular nerve, hypoglossal nerve
What are the main anatomical landmarks for ST 11? jugular vein and carotid artery
What is the point where all of the Yang Channels (except UB) meet and enter the body? ST 12 (Quepen)
What are the main indications for ST 13? fullness of chest, asthma, cough, hiccup
In which intercostal space is ST 14? 1st
In which intercostal space is ST 15? 2nd
In which intercostal space is ST 16? 3rd
In which intercostal space is ST 17? 4th (nipple)
In which intercostal space is ST 18? 5th
How far from midline are ST 19 through ST 24? 2 cun
What is the Great Luo of the Stomach Channel? ST 18
What is the Front Mu point of the Large Intestine Channel? ST 25
What are the main indications for ST 25? digestive issues, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, postpartum pain, hives, mania, insomnia
What points are best for treating hernia? ST 26 and ST 30
What are the main indications for ST 27? premature ejaculation, seminal emission, dysmenorrhea
What is the main anatomical precaution for ST 27? small intestine
Which 2 points on the Stomach Channel are best for treating gynecological problems? ST 28 and 29
What are the main indications for ST 28? infertility, edema, diarrhea, urine retention
What is the innervation of ST 28? 12th subcostal nerve
What is the location of ST 31? the meeting point of the line drawn from the lower border of the pubic symphasis and the ASIS
What are the main anatomical landmarks for ST 31 and ST 32? ASIS and superiolateral corner of the patella
What is the innervation for ST 32 through ST 34? anterior and lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
What is the Xi Cleft point for the Stomach Channel? ST 34
What is the He Sea point for the Stomach Channel? ST 36
What are the main indications for ST 36? MAJOR tonification point. Calms vaggus nerve, drains dampness, tonifies spleen, harmonizes stomach
What is the lower He Sea point of the Large Intestine? ST 37
What is the lower He Sea point of the Small Intestine? ST 39
What are the main indications for ST 38? heat sensation in lower extremities, pain and motor impairment of shoulder, focal distention
What is the main anatomical landmark for ST 38? anterior border of tibia
What is the Luo Connecting point of the spleen on the Stomach Channel? ST 40
What are the main indications for ST 40? dampness, headache in relation to weather changes, sluggishness
What is the Jing River point of the Stomach Channel? ST 41
What is the Shu Stream point of the Stomach Channel? ST 43
What is the Yuan Primary point on the Stomach Channel? ST 42
What are the main anatomical landmarks for ST 43? 2nd and 3rd metatarsal bones
What is the Ying Spring point of the Stomach Channel? ST 44
What is the Jing Well point of the Stomach Channel? ST 45
What is the metal point of the Stomach Channel? ST 45
Created by: APrenger