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PC Service Upgrade

Chapter 19 Terms

QuestionAnswer
AC Adapter A device that converts AC to DC and can use regular house current to power a notebook computer.
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface ACPI Standards used by system BIOS and other components that define power states for the system and processor used to conserve power when the system is not in full use.
All In One Computer A computer that has the monitor and computer case built together and uses components that are common to both a notebook and desktop computer.
Auto Switching A function of a laptop computer AC adapter that is able to automatically switch between 110v and 220v AC power.
CardBus A PCMCIA specification that improved on the earlier PC Card standards. It improved I/O speed, increased the bus width to 32bits, and supported lower voltage PC Cards, while maintaining backward compatibility with earlier standards. CardBus has been replac
Docking Port A connector on the bottom of the notebook to connect to a port replicator or docking station.
Docking Station A device that receives a notebook computer and provides additional secondary storage and easy connection to peripheral devices.
ExpressCard/34 (34mm wide) The latest PCMCIA standard for notebook IO cards that uses the PCI Express and USB 2.0 data transfer standards.
ExpressCard/54 (54mm wide) The latest PCMCIA standard for notebook IO cards that uses the PCI Express and USB 2.0 data transfer standards.
Ghost Cursor A trail on the screen left behind when you move the mouse.
Hardware Profile A group of settings that Windows keeps about a specific hardware configuration. A hardware profile can be manually configured in Windows XP, but Windows 7 and Vista automatically configure hardware profiles.
Hibernation A power saving state that saves all work to the hard drive and powers down the system.
Inverter A device that converts DC to AC.
Keyboard Backlight A feature on some keyboards where the keys light up on the keyboard.
Laptop A portable computer that is designed for travel and mobility. Laptops use the same technology as desktop PCs., with modifications for conserving voltage, taking up less space, and operating while on the move.
Lithium Ion Currently the most popular type of battery. Popular with notebook comptuers that is more efficient than earlier types. Sometimes abbreviated as "Li-Ion"
Mini PCI The PCI industry standard for desktop computer expansion cards, applied to a much smaller form factor for notebook expansion cards.
Mini PCIe A standard used for notebook internal expansion slotsthat follows the PCI Express standards applied to notebooks.
Mini PCI Express A standard used for notebook internal expansion slotsthat follows the PCI Express standards applied to notebooks.
Netbook A low end, inexpensive laptop with a small 9 or 10 inch screen and no optical drive that is generally used for web brosing, email, and word processing by users on the go
Notebook A portable computer that is designed for travel and mobility. Notebooks use the same technology as desktop PCs., with modifications for conserving voltage, taking up less space, and operating while on the move.
PC Card A card that uses a PC Card slot on a notebook and provides a port for peripheral devices or adds memory to the notebook. a PC Card is about the size of a credit card, but thicker.
PCMCIA Card Includes one or more variations of a PC Card to add memory to a notebook or provide ports for peripheral devices. For example, modem cards, network cards for wired or wireless networking, sound cards, SCSI host adapters, FireWire controllers, USB controll
Pointing Stick Similar to a touchpad, a unique and popular pointing device embedded in the keyboard of some IBM and Lenovo ThinkPad notebooks.
Port replicator A device designed to connect to a notebook computer in order to make it easy to connect the notebook to peripheral devices cusch as a full sized monitor, keyboard and AC power adapter.
S1 State Hard drive and monitor are turned off and everything else runs normally. On the BIOS power screen, one of the 5 "S" states used by ACPI power saving mode to indicate different levels of power saving functions.
S2 State Hard drive, monitor and processor are turned off, everything else runs normally. On the BIOS power screen, one of the 5 "S" states used by ACPI power saving mode to indicate different levels of power saving functions.
S3 State Sleep Mode - Everything is shut down except RAM and enough of the system to respond to a wake up. On the BIOS power screen, one of the 5 "S" states used by ACPI power saving mode to indicate different levels of power saving functions.
S4 State Hibernation. Everything in RAM is copied to a file on the Hard drive and the system is shut down. When system is turned on, the file is used to restore the system to its state before shutdown. On the BIOS power screen, one of the 5 "S" states used by ACPI
S5 State Normal shut down/power off state. On the BIOS power screen, one of the 5 "S" states used by ACPI power saving mode to indicate different levels of power saving functions.
Sheet Battery A secondary battery that fits on the bottom of a notebook to provide additional battery charge time.
Sleep Mode S3 State. On the BIOS power screen, one of the 5 "S" states used by ACPI power saving mode to indicate different levels of power saving functions.
Sleep TImers The number of minutes of inactifity before a computer goes into a power saving state.
Standby Mode In Windows XP, a standby mode is similar to Windows 7/Vista sleep mode.
Suspend Mode S3 State. On the BIOS power screen, one of the 5 "S" states used by ACPI power saving mode to indicate different levels of power saving functions.
Touchpad A common pointing device on a notebook computer.
Trackpoint Similar to a touchpad, a unique and popular pointing device embedded in the keyboard of some IBM and Lenovo ThinkPad notebooks.