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Syntax study

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Parallelism a series of words, phrases and/or clauses in the same grammatical construction.
Balanced a compound sentence that has its independent clauses grammatically mirror each other.
Antithesis the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure; especially used to suggest wit.
Periodic subject and verb found at the end of the sentence.
Anastrophe inversion of the natural or usual word order.
Asyndeton a series of phrases or clauses put together without the coordinating conjunctions.
Ellipsis deliberate omission of a word or of words which are readily implied by the context; indicates economy of expression.
Nominative Absolute a phrase containing a noun modifies by a present or past participle; indicates economy of expression.
Parenthesis insertion of some verbal unit in a position that interrupts the normal syntactical flow of the sentence.
Apposition placing side by side two co-ordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.
Anaphora repetition of the same word or group pf words at the beginnings of successful clause.
Antimetabole repetition of words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order.
Polysyndeton a series of words,phrases, or clauses each connected with a conjunction; indicated an air of solemness, draws emphasis to the things, connected; suggest a piling up of things, emotions,etc.
Anadiplosis repeating the last word of one sentence (or clause) as the first word of the next.
Epistrophe The opposite of an anaphora.
Epanalepsis using the same word at the beginning of a sentence and at the end.
Chiasmus reverses grammatical elements.
Epsnorthosis or "correction" conveys a sense of immediacy.
Created by: kennedyrinehart