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Syntax

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Parallelism a series of words, phrases and/or clauses in the same grammatical construction
Balanced a compound sentence that has its independent clauses grammatically mirror each other
Antithesis the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure, especially used to suggest wit
Periodic subject and verb found at the end of the sentence
Anastrophe Inversion of the natural or usual word order
Asydeton a series of phrases or clauses put together without the coordinating conjunctions
Ellipsis deliberate omission of a word or of words which are readily implied by the context; indicates economy of expression
Nominative Absolute a phrase containing a noun modified by a present or past participle; indicates economy of expression
Parenthesis insertion of some verbal unit in a position that interrupts the normal syntactical flow of the sentence
Apposition placing side by side two co-ordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first
Anaphora repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginnings of successive clauses
Antimetabole repetition of words, in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order
Polysyndeton a series of words, phrases, or clauses each connected with a conjunction; indicates an air or solemness, draws emphasis to the things connected; suggest a piling up of things, emotions.etc.
Anadiplosis repeating the last word of one sentence (or clause) as the first word of the next
Epistrophe repeating the same word or phrase at the ends of clauses or sentences
Epanalepsis using the same word or phrase at the beginning of a sentence and at the end
Chiasmus reverses grammatical elements
Epanorthosis or correction--conveys a sense of immediacy
Created by: rooss
 

 



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