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PSSA

english guidelines

QuestionAnswer
Literal Language Literal means actual
Figurative Language Phrases or words that changes the literal meaning to make it fresh or clearer,to express complexity to capture a physical or sensory effect or to extend meaning
Metaphor figure of speech that compares to unrelated things to one another the comparison is often understood but possibly implied or even hidden
Simile compares two unrelated things to one another use LIKE or AS
Personification giving an animal or inanimate objects human characteristics
Onomatopoeia a word that imitates the sound it represents
Hyperbole a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to make a comparison
Oxymoron a figure of speech that uses contradictions/opposites together to create terms.
Irony an intentional contradiction between what something appears to mean and what it really means
Tone refers to the aurthors attitude towards his audience or the material
Mood the feeling created in the reader by literary work or passage
Point of View the perspective from which the story is told
1st person we readers are in the mind of the character
2nd person not found very often feels like the reader is being controled
3rd person we are in the mind of the narrator often an omniscient one which meams we see all that is going on around the chacaters and town
Narrator the person from within the story who is telling
Foreshawdowing use of hints or clues to suggest what may happen later in a narrative
Flashback use of a scene or event from the past that takes the reader back in time to better understand the present
Plot sequence of events in a story or play
Exposition beginning of a story where the characters and setting is revealed
Rising action where the events in the story become complicated and the conflict in the story is revealed
Climax highest point of interest and turning point in the story
Falling action the events and complications begin to resolve themselves
Resolution final out come or untangling of events in the story
Conflict the main problem in a story
Synonym a word that has a meaning identical to another word in the same language
Antonym word or phase with the opposite meaning as another
Allusion reference to a person place or thing in history
Main idea the focus of the writting
Theme controlling idea or central thread that ties the passage or story together
Created by: martha15545
 

 



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