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YGK WW2 Battles

The British Royal Air Force (RAF) defeat the German air force, known as the Luftwaffe, effectively saving Britain from a proposed German amphibious invasion codenamed Operation Sea Lion Battle of Britain (July 1940-October 1940) (Effective use of radar helped to repel German forces, forcing the Luftwaffe into nighttime raids against civilian targets in a campaign known as "the Blitz".)
With about two million casualties, this often cited as the bloodiest battle in history. The battle arose out of Germany's summer campaign to capture vital oil supplies in the Caucasus Mountains. Battle of Stalingrad (August 1942-February 1943)
The turning point in the African campaign; it saw the British 8th Army under Bernard Montgomery defeat the German Afrika Korps under Erwin Rommel, preventing the Nazis from capturing the Suez Canal and oil fields in the Middle East. Battle of El Alamein (October 1942-November 1942)
Fought in western Russia, thi was the largest tank battle in history, with about 6,000 tanks engaged. Thanks to a complex spy network, the Soviet leadership was well-informed about German plans to attack. Battle of Kursk (July 1943-August 1943) After the German advance was stopped, a successful Soviet counterattack was launched. The German Army never again was able to mount a major attack on the Eastern Front.
Also known as Operation Overlord, this was the largest amphibious assault in history, as Supreme Allied Commander Dwight Eisenhower's forces attacked the German Atlantic Wall defenses on the beaches of Normandy, France. D-Day (June 6, 1944) Codename for the 5 beaches: Gold, Juno, Utah, Omaha, Sword
Germany's last major offensive operation on the Western Front. The German plan to sweep through the Ardennes Forest and capture the port city of Antwerp, Belgium, benefited from Allied aircraft being grounded due to poor weather Battle of the Bulge (December 1944-January 1945) German forces also besieged the Belgian town of Bastogne and requested its surrender, to which U.S. Army Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe replied "Nuts!"
On what President Franklin Roosevelt declared would be "a date which will live in infamy," Japanese carrier-based aircraft launched, without a formal declaration of war, a surprise attack on an American naval base in Hawaii Attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941) The attack sank four battleships, most notably the USS Arizona,
Resulting from a Japanese plan to capture Port Moresby in New Guinea, this battle was fought entirely by carrier-based aircraft, making it the 1st major naval battle in history in which the 2 opposing fleets never directly fired upon each other. Battle of the Coral Sea (May 1942) Ultimately, the invasion of Port Moresby was cancelled and the temporary loss of two Japanese carriers gave the U.S. an edge at the subsequent Battle of Midway.
The turning point in the Pacific Theater, it saw the Japanese lose 5 aircraft carriers, a blow from which they never fully recovered. Japanese Admiral Yamamoto planned to lure the US fleet into a trap, but the US had broken the Japanese code. Battle of Midway (June 1942)
By some measures the largest naval battle in history, this battle resulted from the Japanese Sho-Go plan to halt the American reconquest of the Philippines Battle of Leyte Gulf (October 1944)
The Allies sought to capture Iwo Jima, a small island midway between the Mariana Islands and the Japanese home islands, to provide an airbase for the eventual invasion of Japan. Battle of Iwo Jima (February-March 1945) The battle is best known for Joe Rosenthal's photograph showing 6 American servicemen raising a flag atop Mount Suribachi.
The largest amphibious assault of the Pacific Theater, this battle featured massive casualties among both combatants and civilians. The Japanese launched over 1,500 kamikaze attacks against the U.S. fleet Battle of Okinawa (April-June 1945) The deadliness of Iwo Jima and Okinawa influenced the Americans to use the atomic bomb on Japan to end the war.
Created by: Mr_Morman