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Chapter 6 Terms

TermDefinition
Solid State Drive it has no moving parts and contain nonvolitile memory does not lose data even when power is turned off
Solid State Device it has no moving parts and contain nonvolitile memory does not lose data even when power is turned off
NAND Flash Memory name for the memory in an SSD
Magnetic Hard Drive has several plates stacked together to control reading and writing data
Read/Write Head reads and writes on the hard drive
Hybrid Hard Drives uses parts from both types of hard drives
ReadyDrive another hard drive that windows 7 and Vista supports
Low-Level Formatting process used to make sector marking
S.M.A.R.T. Self monitoring analysis and reporting technology
Parallel ATA allows for one or two IDE connectors on a motherboard using a 40 pin data cable
PATA allows for one or two IDE connectors on a motherboard using a 40 pin data cable
IDE Standard allows for one or two IDE connectors on a motherboard using a 40 pin data cable
Serial ATA uses a serial data path and a SATA data cable new motherboards only use SATA
SATA uses a serial data path and a SATA data cable new motherboards only use SATA
ANSI American National Standards Institute
Enhanced IDE all PATA standards since ATA-2 support this configuration of four IDE devices in a system
ATAPI Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface
80-Conductor IDE Cable has 40 pins and 80 wires
DMA Direct Memory Access Transfer Mode
PIO Programmed Input/Output transfer mode
External SATA ports for external drives
SCSI Small Computer System Interface
SCSI Host Adapter Card responsible for managing all devices on the scsi bus
Host Adapter responsible for managing all devices on the scsi bus
SCSI ID every item on a SCSI bus is assigned an SCSI ID
LUN Logical Unit Number
Terminating Resistor the end of the SCSI Chain
50-pin SCSI Connector narrow SCSI uses this type of connector
68-Pin SCSI Connerctor wide SCSI uses this type
25-Pin SCSI Connector narrow SCSI uses this type as well
Autodetection when BIOS automatically detects a new drive
Spanning uses 2 hard drives to hold a single volume of windows
RAID 0 uses two or more physical disks to increase disk space
Stripped Volume data written across several hard drives
RAID 1 duplicates the data
mirrored volume duplicating data
RAID 5 stripes data across 3 or more drives
RAID 5 Volumes windows name for RAID 5
RAID 10 a combination of RAID 1 and 0
RAID 1+0 another name for RAID 10
Sequential Access to read data on the drive you must start from the beginning of the tape until you find the data you want
Data Cartridges memory for tape drives
Minicartridges memory for tape drives
FFD Floppy DIsk Drive
Created by: 1019660571411816