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YGK: Explorers

QuestionAnswer
Venetian merchant who served Kublai Khan. Kublai sent him back to Europe as envoys in 1269. He served Kublai Khan until 1292, while spending time as governor of Yangzhou Marco Polo (ca. 1254 – ca. 1324)
Sailed for Ferdinand &Isabella of Spain, taking the Niña, Pinta, and Santa Maria and landing at San Salvador in the Bahamas before discovering Hispaniola. Later discovered Jamaica, South America and landed in Central America Christopher Columbus (1451–1506)
A Genoese explorer, sailed for Henry VII of England. His 1497 voyage aboard the Matthew landed somewhere in eastern Canada, probably in what is today Newfoundland. John Cabot (1450–1499)
Frenchmen who went on three expeditions (1534–1542) for Francis I. On the second one, he sailed up the St. Lawrence River and named the hill behind the village of Hochelaga “Montreal.” Jacques Cartier (1491–1557)
Frenchman who went on several voyages (1603–1635), founding what is now Quebec City and becoming the first European to see Lake Huron. Ferdinand Magellan (ca. 1480–1521)
Spanish conquistador who participated in the conquest of Cuba before sailing to Mexico. Upon reaching the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, his men were welcomed by the Aztec emperor Montezuma II before taking him prisoner Hernan Cortes (1485–1547)
Spanish conquistador who invaded the Incan Empire (Peru) where they seized the emperor Atahualpa & held him for ransom. Even though the Incas brought a ransom of precious metal, he killed Atahualpa & captured the Incan capital of Cuzco. Francisco Pizarro (ca. 1475–1541)
Englishman who sailed up the western coast of South, Central, & North America as far as California, capturing Spanish ships/treasure. After circumnavigating the globe and returning to EnglandFought against the Spanish Armada. Sir Francis Drake (ca. 1543–1596)
He journeyed up the New York river now named for him as far as present-day Albany. On his final voyage, he sailed in search of the Northwest Passage. He turned south into what is now called Hudson Bay before being mutinied. Henry Hudson (ca. 1565–1611)
He went to New Zealand then to Australia’s Botany Bay. On his 2nd voyage, he became the first to cross the Antarctic Circle. On his 3rd voyage, he failed to find the Northwest Passage & was killed when he came into conflict with the inhabitants of Hawaii. Captain James Cook (1728–1779)
kKnown as the Corps of Discovery, departed from St. Louis in 1804, sailing up the Missouri River. The group wintered at Fort Mandan in present-day North Dakota, where they met Sacajawea, the Shoshone wife of fur trader Toussaint Charbonneau. Meriwhether Lewis (1774–1809) and William Clark (1770–1838)
First man on the moon Neil Armstrong
First American in space Alan Shepard, Jr.
First American to orbit the Earth John Glenn
First person to reach the South Pole Roald Amundsen
The first climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay
First person in space and to orbit the Earth Yuri Gargarin
First person to reach the North Pole This is disputed but the Robert Peary expedition is more widely accepted.
First animal in Space Laika (dog on Sputnik II)
Second man on the moon Buzz Aldrin
Created by: Mr_Morman