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YGK Prime Ministers

YGK UK Prime Ministers

QuestionAnswer
Generally recognized as the first British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
Set out the founding principles of the Conservative Party in the Tamworth Manifesto & led the new party to its 1st general election victory. The Irish Famine accelerated his decision to repeal the Corn Laws, promoting free trade by removing grain tariffs Robert Peel
Britain's only Prime Minister of Jewish descent, he was also a successful novelist. He promoted a strong, imperial foreign policy including investment in the Suez Canal and the peace achieved at the Congress of Berlin Benjamin Disraeli
Noted Liberal Prime Minister who passed a Third Reform Act and modernized the military, but failed to achieve Irish Home Rule. Queen Victoria loathed him. William Gladstone
Liberal PM who made sweeping reforms, including limiting the power of the unelected House of Lords with the Parliament Act in order to introduce the “People’s Budget” of 1911 which established state pensions. H. H. Asquith
Taking control during World War I, he represnted the UK at the Paris Peace Conference, leading to the Treaty of Versailles. David Lloyd George
Best remembered as the UK’s wartime prime minister from the country’s isolation in 1940 to victory in 1945. Winning a 2nd term during the Korean War, he also won the Nobel Prize for Literature and wrote A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. Winston Churchill
Won a huge Labour landslide victory in 1945 between the end of the war in Europe & victory in Japan. He founded the modern welfare state based on the Beveridge Report, including the National Health Service under his minister Nye Bevan. Replaced Churchill Clement Atlee
The UK’s only female prime minister was known as the “Iron Lady.” Her divisive conservative premiership saw the collapse of British heavy industry and its replacement by a services-based economy, especially focused on banking. Won the Falklands War Margaret Thatcher
Won a famous landslide election victory in 1997 to end 18 years of Conservative rule as his “New Labour” movement abandoned traditional socialism and moved the Labour Party to the centre. Close friendship with George W. Bush led the UK to invade Iraq Tony Blair
The American War of Independence was lost during his ministry. Lord North
strengthened the role of the Prime Minister and pursued war against revolutionary France. William Pitt the Younger
Prime Minister at the time of victory at the Battle of Waterloo, and faced social turmoil including the Peterloo Massacre of protesters in Manchester. Lord Liverpool
a long-serving Secretary of State and the first Prime Minister of the Liberal Party that succeeded the Whigs. He kept Britain neutral during the American Civil War. Lord Palmerston
signed the Munich Agreement with Adolf Hitler and promised “peace for our time” with a policy of appeasement. British military failures in 1940 led to his replacement by Churchill. Neville Chamberlain
said “you’ve never had it so good” as the British economy recovered in the late 1950s. Later he purged his cabinet in a mass sacking dubbed the “Night of the Long Knives.” Harold Macmillan
Current Prime Minister of the UK David Cameron
The ______________ ________________ of the United Kingdom is the head of the Cabinet (the executive council that leads the government) and is also de facto head of the legislature by his or her presence in the House of Commons. Prime Minister
By modern convention, after a general election, the leader of a party able to command a majority of MPs (Members of Parliament) is requested by the monarch to form a government and becomes ______________ ________________. Prime Minister
In the 20th century, government terms have been a maximum of ____________ years between elections, but the Prime Minister could choose to call an early election or be forced to do so if he or she ceased to command a majority in the Commons. five
As of 2011, the government’s term is fixed at exactly __________ years. five
In the 20th century, government terms have been a maximum of 5 years between elections, but the Prime Minister could choose to call an ______________________________ or be forced to do so if he or she ceased to command a majority in the Commons. early election
In the 20th century, government terms have been a maximum of 5 years between elections, but the Prime Minister could choose to call an early election or be forced to do so if he or she _________________________________________________ ceased to command a majority in the Commons.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Prime Ministers came from both Houses of Parliament (_____________ & _________________); Lords, Commons
Since 1902, all Prime Ministers have been members of the Commons.
He established personal control over a Whig-dominated Parliament on behalf of the German-speaking George I. He rose to power after many rivals were tarnished by the collapse of the South Sea Company. Robert Walpole
His long tenure continued under George II, but his attempts to avoid British military commitments worldwide led to his downfall during the War of the Austrian Succession. Robert Walpole
Walpole established personal control over a Whig-dominated Parliament on behalf of the German-speaking ________________. George I.
Walpole's long tenure continued under George II, but his attempts to avoid British military commitments worldwide led to his downfall during the ______________________________ War of the Austrian Succession.
Walpole rose to power after many rivals were tarnished by the collapse of the South Sea Company.
PM who set out the founding principles of the Conservative Party in the Tamworth Manifesto and led the new party to its first general election victory. Robert Peel
The Irish Famine accelerated his decision to repeal the Corn Laws, promoting free trade by removing grain tariffs. This act was achieved with Whig support and lost him the backing of his party. Robert Peel
Robert Peel set out the founding principles of the Conservative Party in the __________________ ____________________ and led the new party to its first general election victory. Tamworth Manifesto
The _____________ ______________ accelerated Peel's decision to repeal the Corn Laws, promoting free trade by removing grain tariffs. This act was achieved with Whig support and lost him the backing of his party. Irish Famine
The Irish Famine accelerated Peel's decision to repeal the ________ ___________, promoting free trade by removing grain tariffs. This act was achieved with Whig support and lost him the backing of his party. Corn Laws
This Conservative PM's repeal of the Corn Laws was achieved with Whig support and lost him the backing of his party. Robert Peel
Before becoming Prime Minister, he was instrumental in the passage of the Second Reform Act as leader of the House of Commons. Benjamin Disraeli
Britain's only Prime Minister of Jewish descent, he was also a successful novelist. Benjamin Disraeli
He promoted a strong, imperial foreign policy including investment in the Suez Canal and the peace achieved at the Congress of Berlin. Benjamin Disraeli
Disraeli promoted a strong, imperial foreign policy including investment in the ____________ _______________and the peace achieved at the Congress of Berlin. Suez Canal
Disraeli promoted a strong, imperial foreign policy including investment in the Suez Canal and the peace achieved at the __________________________________________. Congress of Berlin
Noted Liberal Prime Minister who passed a Third Reform Act and modernized the military, but failed to achieve Irish Home Rule. Queen Victoria loathed him. William Gladstone
During Disraeli’s ministry, this PM's campaign sensationalized the “Bulgarian horrors,” suggesting that Britain needed to resolve the “Eastern Question” about the fate of the Ottoman Empire. William Gladstone
During Disraeli’s ministry Gladstone's campaign sensationalized the “__________________________________,” suggesting that Britain needed to resolve the “Eastern Question” about the fate of the Ottoman Empire. Bulgarian horrors
During Disraeli’s ministry, Gladstone's campaign sensationalized the “Bulgarian horrors,” suggesting that Britain needed to resolve the “Eastern Question” about the fate of the _____________________________________________ Ottoman Empire.
Gladstone passed a ____________________________ and modernized the military, but failed to achieve Irish Home Rule. Third Reform Act
Gladstone passed a Third Reform Act and modernized the military, but failed to achieve ____________________________ Irish home Rule
Liberal Prime Minister who made sweeping reforms, including limiting the power of the unelected House of Lords with the Parliament Act in order to introduce the “People’s Budget” of 1911 which established state pensions. H.H. Asquith
Not a successful wartime leader, he lost control of a coalition government during World War I and was forced to resign in favor of David Lloyd George. H.H. Asquith
Asquith was force to resign in favor of ____________________________________ David Lloyd George
Asquith who made sweeping reforms, including limiting the power of the unelected House of Lords with the Parliament Act in order to introduce the ___________________________” of 1911 which established state pensions. People's Budget
Asquith made sweeping reforms, including limiting the power of the unelected House of Lords with the ___________________________ ________in order to introduce the “People’s Budget” of 1911 which established state pensions. Parliament Act
Asquith who made sweeping reforms, including limiting the power of the unelected House of Lords with the Parliament Act in order to introduce the “People’s Budget” of 1911 which established______________________________ state pensions
A native Welsh speaker who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer under Asquith. Taking control during World War I, he represnted the UK at the Paris Peace Conference, leading to the Treaty of Versailles. David Lloyd George
After WWI Lloyd George split the Liberal Party by aiming to continue the coalition government together with the ________________________: the coalition collapsed after embarrassment over the independence of Ireland and a scandal over the sale of honors. Conservative Bonar Law
After the war he split the Liberal Party by aiming to continue the coalition government together with the Conservative Bonar Law: the coalition collapsed after embarrassment over the independence of Ireland and a scandal over the sale of honors. David Lloyd George
After the war Lloyd George split the Liberal Party by aiming to continue the coalition government together with the Conservative Bonar Law: the coalition collapsed after embarrassment over the independence of _________________ Ireland
After the war Lloyd George split the Liberal Party by aiming to continue the coalition government together with the Conservative Bonar Law: the coalition collapsed after embarrassment over the independence of Ireland & a scandal over the sale of honors.
Best remembered as the UK’s wartime prime minister from the country’s isolation in 1940 to victory in 1945. Winston Churchill
The son of a major Conservative politician, he was a Liberal who served in Asquith’s cabinet, becoming First Lord of the Admiralty before resigning over the failure of Gallipoli. Winston Churchill
As Stanley Baldwin’s Chancellor of the Exchequer he put the UK on the Gold Standard. Winston Churchill
He was replaced as PM by Clement Atlee during the middle of the Potsdam Conference in July of 1945. Winston Churchill
Winning a second term as Prime Minister during the Korean War, in later life he also won the Nobel Prize for Literature and wrote A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. Winston Churchill
Churchill served as _________________________________________in WWI before resigning over the failure of Gallipoli. First Lord of the Admiralty
Churchill served as First Lord of the Admiralty in WWI before resigning over the failure of____________________ Gallipoli
As Stanley Baldwin’s Chancellor of the Exchequer Churchill put the UK on the _____________________ Gold Standard.
Won a huge Labour landslide victory in 1945 between the end of the war in Europe and victory in Japan. Clement Atlee
He founded the modern welfare state based on the Beveridge Report, including the National Health Service under his minister Nye Bevan. His Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin took the UK out of Palestine and sent troops to the Korean War. Clement Atlee
Atlee founded the modern welfare state based on the ______________________________ including the National Health Service under his minister Nye Bevan. Attlee’s Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin took the UK out of Palestine and sent troops to the Korean War. Beveridge Report,
Atlee founded the modern welfare state based on the Beveridge Report, including the _______________________________ under his minister Nye Bevan. Attlee’s Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin took the UK out of Palestine and sent troops to the Korean War. National Health Service
Atlee's Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin took the UK out of ________________________and sent troops to the Korean War. Palestine
Atlee's Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin took the UK out of Palestine and sent troops to the ________________________________ Korean War.
The UK’s only female prime minister was known as the “Iron Lady.” Her divisive 1980s Conservative premiership saw the collapse of British heavy industry and its replacement by a services-based economy, especially focused on banking. Margaret Thatcher
Re-elected in 1983 after winning the Falklands War, she clashed with the mine workers’ leader Arthur Scargill as well as her right-hand man Michael Heseltine, and after losing popularity due to a poll tax was ousted by her own party in favor of John Major Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher's nickname Iron Lady
Thatcher was re-elected in 1983 after winning the ____________________________ against Argentina Falklands War
Thathcer clashed with the mine workers’ leader _________________________ as well as her right-hand man Michael Heseltine, and after losing popularity due to a poll tax was ousted by her own party in favor of John Major Arthur Scargill
Thatcher lost popularity due to a poll tax was ousted by her own party in favor of _____________ __________________ John Major
Thatcher clashed with the mine workers’ leader Arthur Scargill as well as her right-hand man _______________ _____________________ Michael Heseltine
Won a famous landslide election victory in 1997 to end 18 years of Conservative rule as his “New Labour” movement abandoned traditional socialism and moved the Labour Party to the centre. Tony Blair
Re-elected in 2001 and 2005, his friendship and later enmity towards his Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown ended with Brown succeeding him as Prime Minister. Tony Blair
His close relationship with George W. Bush led to the UK joining the invasion of Iraq in 2003 Tony Blair
His domestic legacy was higher public spending and the devolution of Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Tony Blair
He leads a Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government and has favored austerity economics and the elimination of the UK’s fiscal deficit. David Cameron
Created by: Mr_Morman