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YGK Kings of France

QuestionAnswer
The best historical example of an absolute monarchy. Led France against most of Europe to win the throne of Spain for his grandson. He championed classical art, religious orthodoxy. Known as the "Sun King" his 72-year-reign is the 2nd longest in history Louis XIV (1638-1715, r. 1643-1715) House of Bourbon
Sometimes working with his chief minister, Cardinal Richelieu, and sometimes against, he turned France into the pre-eminent European power during his reign. This was largely achieved via French victories in the 30 Years' War. Louis XIII (1601-1643, r. 1610-1643) House of Bourbon.
His early military victories (Battle of Marignano), lavish court, and support of luminaries like da Vinci augured a splendid reign. His rivalry with Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire spelled his doom. He was captured in battle in and held for ransom. Francis I (1494-1547, r. 1515-1547) House of Valois
Founder of the house of Bourbon. He renounced Protestantism & accepted Catholicism in order to enter Paris & become king. With the help of Maximilien Sully he erased the debt & much of the religious strife with Edict of Nantes Henry IV (1553-1610, r. 1589-1610) Founder of the House of Bourbon
1st of the great Capetian kings of France. He won back Normandy, Brittany, Anjou, and other territories. He also took part in the famous Third Crusade (with Richard I and Frederick Barbarossa) Philip II (1165-1223, r. 1179-1223) Founder of the House of Capet
Short reign is remarkable for the enormous cost in men and money of his Italian campaign but more so for the number of his successors that to followed his catastrophic lead. Motivated by a desire to govern Naples, which he had theoretically inherited. Charles VIII (1470-1498, r. 1483-1498) House of Valois.
Led the 7th Crusade that ended in military disaster, but after his ransoming remained in the Holy Land to successfully negotiate for what he couldn't win. He stabilized the French currency and is generally held to have reduced corruption in the kingdom Louis IX aka St. Louis IX (1214-1270, r. 1226-1270) House of Capet
His contributions to the rise of French power were enormous. He established the systems of land grants which replaced older, local nobles with barons who owed their fiefs to the crown. This allowed for the rise in French royal power. Louis VIII (1187-1226, r. 1223-1226) House of Capet.
He concluded alliances with Portugal, Spain, and Flanders, reorganized the army, and restructured the collection of taxes while leading France's recovery from the devastation of the early period of the 100 Years' War. Charles V (1338-1380, r. 1364-1380) House of Capet.
Wife was Marie Antoinette. He was forced off the throne due to the French Revolution and eventually guillotined. Louis XVI (1754-1793, r 1774-1792) House of Capet
Fought the the War of the Spanish Succession for his grandson Louis XIV (1638-1715, r. 1643-1715) House of Bourbon
Instituted a great program of building throughout France Louis XIV (1638-1715, r. 1643-1715) House of Bourbon
The Three Musketeers is set in the early years of his reign. Louis XIII (1601-1643, r. 1610-1643) House of Bourbon.
He was captured in battle in 1525 and held for a humiliating ransom. Wars continued after his release, but bankruptcy and religious strife laid France low. Francis I (1494-1547, r. 1515-1547) House of Valois
Made use of the Albigensian crusade to pave the way for the annexation of Languedoc by his successor. Philip II (1165-1223, r. 1179-1223) Founder of the House of Capet
He died before he could surpass or absolve his disastrous first Italian campaign with another. Charles VIII (1470-1498, r. 1483-1498) House of Valois.
He died leading a crusade against Tunisia. He is the only canonized king of France. Louis IX aka St. Louis IX (1214-1270, r. 1226-1270) House of Capet
After his ransoming remained in the Holy Land to successfully negotiate for what he couldn't win. He returned to Europe with his reputation intact and negotiated a peace with England that saw Henry III become his vassal Louis IX aka St. Louis IX (1214-1270, r. 1226-1270) House of Capet
He annexed Languedoc and captured Poitou from England. Perhaps more importantly, he established the systems of appanages (land grants) which replaced the older, local nobles with barons who owed their fiefs to the crown. Louis VIII (1187-1226, r. 1223-1226) House of Capet
Had an inauspicious start (before his reign even began); having to ransom his father, John II, from England for 3 million crowns & most of southwestern France. Later, with military advisor Bertrand du Guesclin, he recaptured almost all of that territory. Charles V (1338-1380, r. 1364-1380) House of Capet
Reign was suffused with blood, at first because of the continuous Wars of Religion that pitted Catholics against Huguenots, but later because of the struggles that arose when it became clear that he was going to be the last of the Valois line. Henry III (1551-1589, r. 1574-1589) House of Valois
The War of the 3 Henries broke out after his brother died & the then-Protestant Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV) became heir, leading the Catholic Holy League to strike out of fear for its interests. Henry III was assassinated by a crazed friar in 1589. Henry III (1551-1589, r. 1574-1589) House of Valois
Frankish statesman/military leader. Prince/ruler of the Franks from 718-741. Son of Pepin. After work to establish a unity in Gaul, his attention was called to foreign conflicts & dealing with the Islamic advance into Western Europe. Charles Martel (The Hammer)
Lead the Franks to victory at the Battle of Tours; halting Islamic advancement into Europe. Charles Martel (The Hammer)
King of the Franks. Father of Europe. Created the Carolingian Empire. Crowned Emperor of the Romans in 800 AD by the Catholic Church. Charlemagne
Created by: Mr_Morman