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Humanities Odyssey Quiz

How does the world work? The order of the world and the lives of men, and even of the gods', were controlled by fate and by certain laws
How do we learn things? The Greeks' way of knowing the will of the gods was through omens which came in the form of birds and snakes and thunder.
How do we know what is right and wrong? There is an unwritten moral code which was assumed as general knowledge. It was based on justice and honor, hospitality to strangers, respect for elders, fidelity to marriage vows, faithfulness to duty
arousing feelings of awe or admiration because of grandeur, strength; or causing dread and fear formidable
crafty or artful deception; cunning to attain a goal guile
extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force prodigious
a dishonest person; scoundrel rogue
wisdom or caution in practical affairs prudence
strongly or stoutly built; sturdy and robust stalwart
indicating trouble, disaster, or misfortune dire
full of menacing influences; wretched and miserable baleful
sorrow, grief, or woe desolation
a secretive entrance stealth
delicate or faint and mysterious subtle
cheerless and gloomy disconsolate
to scold; to find fault chide
humble prayer, entreaty, or petition supplication
ruler of the winds and the son of Poseidon Aeolus
former king of Mycenae, brother of Menelaus, and commander of the Achaean forces at Troy Agamemnon
king of the Phaeacians, who offers Odysseus hospitality in his island kingdom of Scheria Aleinous
the most arrogant of Penelope's suitors Antinous
daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts Athena
the beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus Calypso
monster in the form of a great whirlpool who was considered a shipping hazard in the Strait of Messina opposite of Scylla Charybdis
the beautiful witch- goddess who transforms Odysseus' crew into swine Circe
the loyal shepherd who, along with the cowherd Philoetius, helps Odysseus reclaim his throne Eumaeus
the aged and loyal servant who nursed Odysseus and Telemachus when they were babies Eurycleia
wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta Helen
Odysseus' aging father, who resides on a farm in Ithaca Laertes
the beautiful daughter of King Aleinous and Queen Arete of the Phaecians Nausicaa
the hero of the Odyssey Odysseus
wife of Odysseus Penelope
one of the Cyclops, son of Poseidon Polyphemus
god of the sea Poseidon
a monster with four eyes and six long necks equipped with grisly heads, each contained of three rows of sharp teeth Scylla
were dangerous yet beautiful creatures who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island sirens
Odysseus' son Telemachus
a Theban prophet who inhabits the underworld Tiresias
kings of gods and men Zeus
a descriptive phrase for a person, place, or thing that shares primary characteristics of that which is being described epithet
hints of what is to come later in the story foreshadowing
plot device in which a writer creates a situation where the reader knows more about the situations or causes of conflicts and their resolutions before other characters dramatic irony
an extended simile often running to several times, used typically in epic poetry to intensify the heroic stature of the subject and to serve as decoration epic simile/ heroic simile
Odysseus begins to tell the Phaeacians about his adventures on his way home from the Trojan War. One of the first stops is the land of the Lotus Eaters. What happens to the men who eat the lotus flowers? The men who are the lotus flowers forgot about there homeland
Describe the Kyklops' appearance and behavior The Kyklops went without a law to bless them.
What does the Kyklops fail to come to aid of Polyphemos? none of them come to his aid because Poly, screams that "Nohbdy's tricked me, Nohbdy's ruined me!"
How does Odysseus' taunting Polyphemos lead to bad consequences for Odysseus? Poly calls out to Poseidon, his father, cursing Odysseus and asking that it will be a long time until Odysseus reaches home
When the Aiolia Island, what does King Aiolos give Odysseus and his men? What do the men do with the gift, and how does that get everyone in trouble? King Aiolos gives Odysseus a "mighty bag, bottled storm winds" to take them home quickly. The men give into temptation by untying the bag at the wrong time.
On the Aiaia Island, Odysseus and his men meet Kirke. What does she turn some of his men into? How is this a symbol of the way they have been behaving? Kirke turns his men into pigs. They were eating all of her food so she turned them into pigs because they were behaving like the suitors.
Odysseus finds favor with Kirke and the men are turned back into men. How long do Odysseus and his men end up staying on the island? Odysseus and his men spent a year on Kirke's island
Odysseus speaks with Achilles ghost, the greatest warrior who fought in the Trojan War. What does he mean when he says, "Better, I say, to break sod as a farm hand for some poor country man, on iron rations, that the lord it over all the exhausted dead."? Even Achilles chose "short life of glory over a long life of ease", he now recognizes that death has no glory, and understands that life ultimately better than the afterlife
After visiting the Underworld, Odysseus and his men sail back to Kirke's island. She gives them directions and advice for their journey home. What 3 dangerous female creatures does she warn Odysseus about? 1) Sirens- sing to lure men to their deaths 2) Skylla- twelve legged, six- headed man eating monster 3) Charybdis- violent whirlpool that could suck a ship down
What else does Kirke warn Odysseus about, and fortell of his future? if the crew eats the "immortal cattle" there will be destruction in the ship and O's crew
What do O and his men ado in preparation for escaping the Sirens? The men will tie O to the mast of the ship; he alone will hear the Sirens song. The men put Beeswax in their ears
How does Eurylokhos justify killing and eating the sun god's cattle? Odysseus' crew has been hungry for many days. Eurylokhos thinks dying of hunger is a shameful death
How do all of O's men perish? All of them drowned in the sea because Zeus struck the ship
As the lone survivor of his crew, where does O end up next? Kalypso's Island
What does Odysseus transform into at the end of book 13? a beggar
Who is Melanthios? What does he do to O as he is coming into town? Melanthious is Dolios' son. He kicked Odysseus in the hip, he also taunts O (beggar)
What classical virtues does O most exhibit in this scene? Odysseus shows honor not fighting back against Melanthious
Why is it ironic that Eumaios is hospitable and the suitors who are currently running Ithaka are not hospitable? Eumaios' humble hut is more welcoming (he doesn't have much but is giving anyways), suitors' beautiful palace is unwelcoming (they are not giving)
Penelope and the disguised Odysseus engage in a long convo. How do we know her love for O is still strong? She is openly grieving/ she's "wasted with longing"
Who is the first suitor to die? How is he killed? Antinoos (cruel leader). He dies from an arrow to the throat
Why did the suitors have to die? destiny/ fate/ the gods will.
What "sign" proves to Penelope that Odysseus is really Odysseus? What does this symbolize in regards to their marriage? their bed, made out of an olive tree
Created by: VickieJ10



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