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Poettry Terms

Poetic Elements for Mr. Goatseay's English 9 Poetry Unit

simile Comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”
metaphor Comparison of two unlike things where one is described directly as the other – WITHOUT using “like” or “as”
imagery Language that provides a sensory experience using sight, sound, smell, touch, taste
personification Comparison in which human qualities are given to non-human things
hyperbole Intentional exaggeration or overstatement, often used for emphasis
symbolism Using a word or object to represent (or stand in for) a deeper meaning than the words themselves
allusion Reference to well-known characters or events from literature or history
figurative language A category of poetic elements in which an author uses words in order to describe something by comparing it with something else
sound devices A category of poetic elements that describe techniques used to give poetry a “musical” quality that specifically deal with how the words sound.
rhythm The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem, created by using meter, rhymes, alliteration, and refrain.
internal rhyme a form of rhyme where the rhyming words occur within the same line
end rhyme a form of rhyme where the rhyming words occur at the end of lines
repetition The repeating of a word or phrase to add rhythm or to emphasize an idea
alliteration Repeated consonant sounds at the beginnings of nearby words
assonance Repeated vowel sounds in nearby words
consonance Repeated consonant sounds in or at the end of nearby words
onomatopoeia The use of words whose sound makes one think of its meaning
stanza A group of lines arranged together; poetry's version of a paragraph
couplet a stanza made up of two lines
quatrain a stanza made up of four lines
Created by: pgoatseay



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