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Tech Term

.com A website extension that identifies the site as a commercial site
.edu A website extension that identifies the site as an educational institution, usually a college or university
.org A website extension that identifies the site as a non-profit, non-governmental
Application A software program that lets you complete a task, such as writing a paper, creating a poster, designing an image, or viewing a Web page.
Backup To save a second copy of data files, in case the first one doesn’t work
Benchmark a translation of a standard into what the student should know and be able to do at developmentally appropriate levels (i.e., grades K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12)
Browser The software application that allows you to view Internet pages.
Buffer The buffer is a section of the computer where data is stored before being used. This buffering allows time for an application to fix differences in bit rates among other things. It creates a space of time for compensation.
Byte - A unit of space. It is also used to represent a series of seven or eight ASCII code digits representing a character.
C++ A popular programming language
Cache A memory section of the hard drive that holds information while the CPU is working on it
Cc Carbon copy or Confidential Copy—send a copy of an email to another person
CD-ROM (Compact Disc-Read-Only Memory) a storage media that is able to store up to 660MB of information (e.g., text, graphics, audio, and full-motion video)
Cells The intersection of a row and a column in Excel—where data can be inserted
Chevron - Double arrows at end of tool bar that allow you to show buttons on two rows
Clip Art Graphics, pictures, sometimes called click-art
Clipboard A windows program that saves information you copy, to be pasted into a program later
Columns The vertical arrangement of cells identified by a letter in Excel
Computer - is a programmable machine designed to automatically carry out a sequence of arithmetic or logical operations
Computer virus A destructive computer program that invades by means of a normal program and damages
Configure to set the details or structure of a system (e.g., operating system)
Content Standard – a description of what students should know and be able to do within a particular discipline or content domain
Copyright a form of protection provided to the authors of “original works of authorship” including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works, both published and unpublished
CPU Central Processing Unit. The CPU is the hardware that most people consider the "brain" of the computer.
Curriculum Framework serves as a bridge between standards and the classroom and provides curriculum content, organization, and presentation
Cursor - visually distinct mark on a display indicating where newly typed text will be inserted. The cursor moves as text is typed and, in most modern editors, can be moved around within a document by the user to change the insertion point.
Data Anything that is recorded or used for processing. The stuff that transfers between computers needed a name -- data seemed good.
Database One or more large structured sets of persistent data, usually associated with software to update and query the data.
Desktop The windows-generated look of the computer before programs are opened with icons, taskbar, and clouds
Desktop Publishing the use of a computer to produce documents for publication
Dialog Box A box that contains a message, often requesting more information or allowing you to select among options
Digital Your CD player is digital. It is a series of small samples of data playing together very quickly (30,000 times a second). Digital recording of information means representing the bits of data through ones and zeros.
Dingbats Picture fonts
Disk - Either hard or floppy. Used to store data
Doc The three-letter extension that tells a user that a document was saved in Word
Domain A group of computers whose hostnames share a common suffix, the "domain name". The last component of this is the top-level domain.
Download To save a file onto your computer from another source, like the Internet. People often download files, such as free-ware, share-ware, for installations, and sounds, movie clips, text files, or news streams onto their computer for viewing or listening.
Drag - To select with the left mouse button and move to a new location
Drill down Moving from a general level to a detailed level
Drop down arrow The black arrow next to a tool that provides selections within a tool
Drop down Menu A menu that has multiple commands that show when you select it
E-Mail (Electronic Mail) – correspondence across a network by way of an on-line message-handling computer program
Environmental Probe – computer peripheral that senses environmental data and communicates reading directly into the computer for recording and storage (e.g., pH sensor, humidity sensor)
Ethernet - a system for connecting a number of computer systems to form a LAN, with protocols to control the passing of information and to avoid simultaneous transmission by two or more systems
Excel - A spreadsheet application developed by Microsoft. To create spreadsheets, graphs, and do basic sorting
Explorer A program in Windows that displays all files, folders and programs available on a computer
Export To save data or pictures in a form other programs can read
Extension The three-letter extension that tells a user that a document was saved in Word
FAQ - An acronym for Frequently Asked Questions
Favorites Where often-used websites are saved on an internet browser
Fill Background color of a picture, text box or diagram
Firewall - a part of a computer system or network that is designed to block unauthorized access while permitting outward communication
Flash drive Memory stick-portable place to save files
Floppy Drive A location on the computer that holds a removable disk
Folder A icon on the desktop that can hold multiple programs
Font A set of letters, numbers that are of a given look and appearance.
Footer - Information that appears at the foot of every page—usually the name, page number and document title
Format To change the look of text on a page to communicate better—bold, italics, color, font, size
Formula always starts with “=” signs and describes what the calculations for that cell will be, i.e., add, subtract, etc.
GIF An image format, an acronym for Graphical Interchange Format
Gigabyte (GB) It's about a billion bytes. Actually it's 2 to the 30th power or 1,073,741,824.
Graphic Applications Software one of a number of types of computer software that enables the user to create or manipulate illustrations, graphs, drafting products, and a variety of other images
Graphic organizer A diagram that organizes information on a topic for the user
Graphic organizing software Visual representation of the material a student is learning (e.g charts
Graphics – the digital version of an image, a photograph, or a picture displayed on a monitor screen
Graphing Calculator a hand-held calculator that, in addition to performing calculations and functional operations, can graph functions and relations
Hard drive - A device for storing information in a fixed location within your computer. The equivalent of a filing cabinet in an office, the hard drive is used for storing programs and documents that are not being used.
Header Information that appears at the head of every page in a document—usually the author’s name, the document title and the page number
Hits The number of matches made by a search engine like Google in a search.
Homepage The page on the Internet which most often gives users access to the rest of the Web site. A site is a collection of pages.
Hour glass The picture showing that the computer is “thinking” before it performs your command
Hover To “float” the cursor over a command until some information shows
HTML The coding language used to create internet documents. An acronym for HyperText Markup Language
Hyperlink - A link on a webpage to another webpage on the internet
Hypertext This is a markup language that allows for non-linear transfers of data. The method allows your computer to provide the computational power rather than attaching to a mainframe and waiting for it to do the work for you.
Icon Symbols or illustrations on the desktop or computer screen that indicate program files, documents, or other functions.
Indent To use the tab key to start writing or typing a short distance in from the margin
Input device - A peripheral used to transfer data from the outside world into a computer system. Some input devices are operated directly by the user, e.g. keyboard, mouse, touch screen, joystick, digitising tablet, microphone;
Internet A world-wide network of computer networks in which users at any one computer can, if they have permission, get information from any other computer.
Intranet a local or restricted communications network, especially a private network created using World Wide Web software
ISP (Internet Service Provider) A group that provides access to the internet. An acronym for Internet Service Provider
Java A program that recreates information so it can be read by most computers
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) An image format allowing for compression when stored. An acronym for
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - Memory stick—portable place to save files
KB (Kilobyte) a thousand bytes
LAN (Local Area Network) A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building.
Link To connect one page on the internet to another
Login To attach to a computer. It has also come to represent your User ID command.
Macro A series of actions that occur following one key stroke
Master-slave The relationship between a dominant drive and the secondary one
Maximize To enlarge the window of a program so that it fills the screen
Megabyte - (MB) About a million bytes of space. Actually it's 2 raised to the 20th power or 1,048,576 bytes of space.
Menu Bar The word commands at the top of a program that activate drop-down menus
Minimize To downsize an open program onto the taskbar
Mouse-over To “float” the cursor over a command until some information shows
MPEG A format for viewing digital video files. An acronym for Motion Picture Experts Group
Multimedia the combination of audio, video, animation, and graphics used to disseminate information under computer control
Netiquette Proper manners on the internet
Network This a system that sends and receives data.
Numbered outline An indented list using numbers/ letters to organize information
Operating System – software that controls a computer and its peripherals
Output devices equipment connected to a computer and used to transfer data out of the computer in the form of text, images, sounds or other media to a display screen, printer, loudspeaker or storage device.
Overwrite Destroy (data) or the data in (a file) by entering new data in its place.
Photo-manipulation – the ability to alter a scanned photo image
Platform – computer hardware and the operating system that runs on it (e.g., a Macintosh computer or Windows-based PC)
Pointer An icon, usually a small arrow, that moves on the screen in response to movement of a pointing device, typically a mouse..
Presentation Hardware/Software – computer hardware/software designed to support presentations involving multimedia (e.g., PowerPoint)
Printer - A peripheral device for producing text and images on paper. Processor - the central processing unit
Processor Random Access Memory. Readable and writeable memory that acts as a storage area while the computer is on, and is erased every time the computer is turned off. This memory stores data and helps execute programs while in use.
RAM Random Access Memory. Readable and writeable memory that acts as a storage area while the computer is on, and is erased every time the computer is turned off. This memory stores data and helps execute programs while in use.op
Recycle Bin (Trash-bin)- Where all deleted files are stored on the computer desktop
ROM Read Only Memory. Readable memory that cannot be corrupted by accidental erasure. ROM retains its data when the computer is turned off.
Router a device that forwards data packets to the appropriate parts of a computer network
Search Engine software that allows retrieval of information from electronic databases (library catalogs, CD-ROMs, the Web) by locating user-defined characteristics of data such as word patterns, dates, or file formats
Shortcut A file that points to another item, such as a program, document, folder, or disk. Key strokes that enact the same commands available in the menus of a program.
Software This is a program, the actual code the computer reads. All other stuff is hardware. A floppy disc is hardware.
Spyware is a type of malware (malicious software) installed on computers that collects information about users without their knowledge.
Standard – a description of what students should know and be able to do at the highest level of generality (e.g. concept)
Switch is a computer networking device that connects network segments
Taskbar The gray bar at the bottom of the desktop showing what programs are open
Telecommunications includes all types of electronic communication services, including satellite, fiber-optic, computer-based transmission, telephone, and radio
Terabyte (TB) It's about a trillion bytes. Actually it's 2 to the 40th power or 1,009,511,627,776 bytes.
Toolbar - A collection of icons that make choices available, especially in picture editing
Trademark is a word, name, symbol, or device which is used in trade with goods to indicate the source of the goods and to distinguish them from the goods of others
Transition The way one slide goes into another
Upload To transfer programs or data over a digital communications link from a smaller or peripheral "client" system to a larger or central "host" one.
URL A standard address on the world wide web. An acronym for Uniform Resources Locator
USB A port where you put the flash drive—in the front of the CPU
Virus - A program designed to damage files, usually delivered via the internet to unsuspecting users
Curriculum standard activities used in classroom instruction to teach the benchmarked standard
Created by: jerome35