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R&J - 6

Helgerson - Romeo & Juliet Literary Terms 1

QuestionAnswer
Pun play on words, based on different meanings of words that sound alikeEx. Define “wise”. It’s what little kids are always asking. (whys)
Alliteration a series of words that begin with the same consonant soundEx. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Oxymoron using two opposite terms together to name somethingEx. icy hot, jumbo shrimp, little giant
Allusion a reference to something from history or literature that everyone understandsEx. Barak Obama said “I was not born in a manger” referring to the fact that he’s not perfect (like Jesus)
Metaphor a direct comparison between two unlike things NOT using “like” or “as”Ex. He is a bear in the mornings. (means he’s grouchy)
Hyperbole a huge exaggeration that couldn’t be trueEx. cry me a river (you can’t cry enough tears to make a river)
verbal irony sarcasm, saying one thing, but meaning another or when a literal meaning is contrary to its intended effect Ex. calling someone "smart" when you really mean they are acting stupid
situational irony a discrepancy between the expected result and actual results of somethingEx. Bill Gates winning a contest whose grand prize was a computer
dramatic irony when the audience knows something that the characters or actors don’t knowEx. you know the killer in a movie is the butler, but the characters all trust him
comic relief the inclusion of a humorous character or scene or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension. Ex. Chewbacca saying something funny during a tense scene in Star Wars
foreshadowing hints about something that is going to happen later in the storyEx. Doodle’s brother shows him his coffin, hinting that Doodle will die later
aside when a character says something directly to the audience that the other characters on stage supposedly can’t hear (used for humor or to give the audience extra info)
Created by: lhelgerson