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OIL EXTRACTION HIST
ENV HIST 301 Environmental Studies Curriculum
|What are the examples of ancient oil explorations and fire worship (provide relevant dates, geographic locations, and names) PART ONE
|A passage from Plutarch (46-120 AD) suggested that villages of Babylonia set street with oil seepages on fire to impress Alexander of Macedonia (356-323 BC.) Furthermore, 'the eternal flame' date back to earlier periods - prophet Zoroaster (628-551 BC.)
|What are the examples of ancient oil explorations (provide relevant dates, geographic locations, and names) PART TWO
|The Manichean doctrine was propagated among the Aryans - the inhabitants of the region. They worshiped fire. The Sugarkhani, North of Baku Azerbaijan represents a cluster of oil rigs across the Absheron Peninsula related to Atishgah(ancient fire temple)
|What are the examples of ancient oil explorations (provide relevant dates, geographic locations, and names) PART THREE
|The pillars of fire were mentioned in the Judeo Christian Scriptures resulted from flammable gas from oil deposits && fissures escaped from porous limestone. 'A bush that was burning but was not consumed a pillar of cloud by day and fire by night...'
|The geological eras during which anaerobic respiration of phytoplankton took place
|Paleozoic and Mesozoic Geological Eras (100-500 million years ago)
|What are the important characteristic important to acknowledge about coal decomposition?
|Coal is highly compressed organic matter - leafy material from swamp vegetation with a relative little decomposition
|What are the general forms of methane and crude oil useful to make distinction using chemical and physical properties?
|Evidently, natural gas is methane trapped in the porous rock layers while crude oil deposits represent residual sludge.
|What were the components of oil extraction in China 1000-3000 BC?
|The Chinese were first to deploy mechanical means & tied to a rope that penetrated the Earth that was repeatedly lifted and dropped gradually to penetrate the earth
|The materials used by Chinese about 340-350 AD and earlier to dig oil wells
|Archaeological evidence points out to Bamboo based poles. Extensive bamboo pipelines connected oil wells with salt springs
|Extrapolate on Czar Peter the Great (1672-1725) oil extraction
|Evidence points out that once Baku had been occupied by Russian General Mikhail Mayushkin, Peter The Great issued decree to demand 16000 kilograms of white oil from the area.
|Name the dates from which first commercial oil was drilled in North America
|1846-1848 became, what overwhelming historical evidence, suggest a landmark in the annals of petroleum industry
|What was the date when oil industry started in Baku and why this date is significant?
|Notably, 1871 was the date when oil industry started in Baku. Notably, the state monopoly of the tsarist regime had been abolished.
|What was the first oil attempt in Texas and under what circumstances it was discovered?
|In Texas - the oil boom had been discovered in the small town of Corsicana in 1893 when the local company set up a company to find water. Rotary drill was used to make 2300 barrels per day yield thus the enthusiasm subsided.
|What was the the second oil attempt in Texas and under what circumstances the oil boom had been discovered?
|The drilling team of Hamil Brothers contacted by Captain Anthony Lukas encountered natural gas and eventually oil under numerous improvised methods (Refer to Chapter 1 Robert Hiro 'Blood of The Earth' for numerous details.
|Specimix mix used by Hamil Brothers during oil extraction procedures....
|Clay and water mix was used to block the leaked gas during drilling thus allowing to continue extraction of materials
|What were the oil average yields after Hamill Brothers drilling procedures? What were the consequences of such phenomena concerning Texas geography?
|75,000 bpd was the spike in yield after successful operations. Eventually the petroleum 'boom towns' were formed.
|Dispensability of petroleum products in America