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Unit 4

Technology and Film Production

TermDefinition
Assembly Edit Constructing a video program by transferring clips in sequence on the timeline
Bin In digital audio and video terms, a directory from which stored shots or sound segments are selected for use. It originally was a reference to a storage container lined with a cloth bag, into which cut film or sound stock could be arranged and hung
Capture The process of transferring digital video or audio to the computer for editing
Check List An organizational list made when planning, for example, a checklist for a video shoot would include making sure you have everything you're going to need
Cut A visual transition in editing in which one shot is replaced on screen with another
Cutaway A shot other than, but related to, the main action
Drop Out A momentary loss of a picture signal during tape playback
Dub To duplicate an audio tape or videotape also, to re-record dialogue with lip synchronization after a production is finished dubbing rights legal rights-generally obtained after a copyright fee is paid-making it possible to use copyrighted works for produc
Effects Tools in the switcher or editing system that can be used for fades, wipes or special effects
Frame Rate The frequency at which film or video frames run
Genre/Style The classification of literature, movies, plays, etc according to form and structure and the manipulation and interpretation of reality
Indexing The method of using the computer to time-code to log the location of audio and/or video on a tape
Inputs Connections on equipment used to transfer data from another piece of equipment
Insert Edit replacing part of a previously edited video and/or audio segment with new material the opposite of assembly edit
Insert Shot A shot that provides close-up detail on the action
Master Video industry term for the tape containing the finished (edited) program
Monitor A TV set, normally without an RF tuner or audio circuitry, used for the checking of color, composition, etc, during a production
Natural Sound (NAT) Any naturally occurring sound recorded in the field, other than interviews
Non-Profit An organization that reinvests all profits back into the organization
Outputs Connections from the equipment to transfer data to another piece of equipment
Package A television story filed by a reporter which typically includes narration, a stand-up, bites, and accompanying video and natural sound
Point of View A shot from an angle that approximates what a designed actor is seeing at a particular moment
Post-Production The period in a project's development that takes place after the picture is delivered, or "after the production"
Pre-Production The planning stage of a production
Production The taping of the project
PSA(Public Service Announcement) A message produced and broadcast at no charge for qualifying non-profit organizations
Render Computer process of performing the calculations to create detail in a three-dimensional computer-generated scene or special effect
Royalty Money paid to the copyright owner for permission to use/ reproduce copyrighted material
Royalty-Free Material that can be used/ reproduced freely without paying royalties
Script The written blueprint for a production
Shot List A list made in the pre-production phase that lists all shots needed to create the project during the production phase
Sound Effect Recordings of special or natural sounds such as footsteps, coughing, door closing, etc
Sound on Tape (SOT) Sound on tape, a standard reference to a sound bite
Sources A person or reference used to substantiate claims made in a story
Storyboard Pictures that illustrates the proposed sequence of shots in a production
Synchronization Sound an audio recorded with images so the words sync with the mouth
Talking Head Slang for the typical head-and-shoulders shot of actors seen on talk shows and newscasts
Tally Light The red light on a video camera
Timeline A visual line stretching across a computer screen representing intervals of time on which video clips can be placed during non-linear editing
Track The path of a reorder signal on a videotape or disc
Transitions Video effects placed between scenes or edits to achieve a smooth transition
Wipes An optical transition effect in which one image is replaced by another with a boundary edge that moves in a selected pattern across the frame
Created by: Satterlees1