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CIT233 Ch 1 and 2

CIT233 Ch 1 and 2 Advanced AD terms

TermDefinition
child domains Domains that have the same second-level and top-level domain names as the parent domain in the same tree and forest.
domain The core structural unit of Active Directory; contains OUs and represents administrative, security, and policy boundaries.
domain functional levels Properties of domains that determine which features of Active Directory have domain-wide implications and which server OSs are supported on domain controllers.
external trust A one-way or two-way nontransitive trust between two domains that aren’t in the same forest.
Flexible Single Master Operation (FSMO) roles Specialized domain controller tasks that handle operations that can affect the entire domain or forest. Only one domain controller can be assigned a particular FSMO.
forest A collection of one or more Active Directory trees. It can consist of a single tree with a single domain, or it can contain several trees, each with a hierarchy of parent and child domains.
forest functional level A property of a forest that determines which features of Active Directory have forest-wide implications and which server OSs are supported on domain controllers.
forest root domain The first domain created in a new forest.
forest trust A trust that provides a one-way or two-way transitive trust between forests, which enables security principals in one forest to access resources in any domain in another forest.
forest-wide authentication A property of a forest trust for granting users in a trusted forest access to the trusting forest.
global catalog A partial replica of all objects in the forest. It contains the most commonly accessed object attributes and universal group membership information.
global catalog (GC) server A server that holds the global catalog; it facilitates forest-wide Active Directory searches and logons across domains and stores universal group membership information. See also global catalog.
intersite replication Active Directory replication that occurs between sites.
intrasite replication Active Directory replication between domain controllers in the same site.
Knowledge Consistency Checker (KCC) A process that runs on every domain controller to determine the replication topology.
multimaster replication The process of replicating Active Directory objects; changes to the database can occur on any domain controller and are propagated to all other domain controllers.
one-way trust A trust relationship in which one domain trusts another, but the reverse is not true.
organizational unit (OU) An Active Directory container used to organize a network’s users and resources into logical administrative units.
realm trust A trust used to integrate users of other OSs into a Windows Server 2012/R2 domain or forest; requires the OS to be running Kerberos V5 authentication.
referral The process of sending a request for information about an object to DCs in other domains until the information is found.
selective authentication A property of a forest trust that enables administrators to specify users who can be granted access to selected resources in the trusting forest.
shortcut trust A manually configured trust between domains in the same forest for the purpose of bypassing the normal referral process. See also referral.
SID filtering An option that causes a trusting domain to ignore any SIDs that aren’t from the trusted domain.
site A physical location in which domain controllers communicate and replicate information.
transitive trust A trust relationship based on the transitive rule of mathematics; therefore, if Domain A trusts Domain B and Domain B trusts Domain C, then Domain A trusts Domain C.
tree A group of domains sharing a common naming structure.
trust relationship An arrangement that defines whether and how security principals from one domain can access network resources in another domain.
two-way trust A trust in which both domains in the relationship trust each other, so users from both domains can access resources in the other domain.
UPN suffix The part of the user principal name (UPN)
automatic site coverage A feature in which each domain controller advertises itself by registering SRV records in DNS in sites that don’t have a DC if the advertising DC has the lowest cost connection to the site.
bridgehead server A domain controller in a site that has been assigned to handle replication of one or more directory partitions in that site.
connection object An Active Directory object created in Active Directory Sites and Services that defines the connection parameters between two replication partners.
filtered attribute set A feature of RODCs that specifies domain objects that aren’t replicated to RODCs.
Inter-Site Topology Generator (ISTG) A designated domain controller in each site that’s responsible for assigning bridgehead servers to handle replication for each partition.
intersite replication Active Directory replication that occurs between two or more sites.
intrasite replication Active Directory replication between domain controllers in the same site.
Knowledge Consistency Checker (KCC) A process that runs on every domain controller to determine the replication topology.
site link An Active Directory object that represents the path between sites and determines the replication schedule and frequency between sites.
site link bridge An Active Directory object that represents site links using a common transport protocol.
site link bridging A default property of a site link that makes it transitive. To control the transitive nature of site links, you can create site link bridges manually.
unidirectional replication The type of replication used by RODCs, in which writeable DCs replicate to RODCs, but RODCs don’t replicate to other DCs.
urgent replication An event triggering immediate notification that a change has occurred instead of waiting for the normal 15-second interval before replication partners are notified.
Created by: Leisac