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Schindler's List

Vocabulary #1

QuestionAnswer
Aktion German military or police Aaction,@ or Astrike@ usually direct against Jews in a ghetto for the purpose of intimidating the populace or rounding up the populace for deportation to a death camp
Allies the nations that joined in the war against Germany
Anschluss (or Union) the incorporation of Austria by Nazi Germany on March 13, 1938
Anti-Semitism acts or negative feelings against Jews which take the form of prejudice, dislike, fear, discrimination, and persecution
Aryan a term used by the Nazis to describe Caucasians of non-Jewish descent; blond-haired, blue-eyed North Europeans; a Amaster race@ destined to rule the world
Aryanization the legal term given to the one-sided process by which German authorities expropriated Jewish businesses in Germany and in the occupied territories
Auschwitz - Birkenau the death camp located 35 miles west of Krakow
Authoritarianism believing in or characterized by unquestioning obedience to authority, as that of a dictator, rather than individual freedom of judgment and action
Axis Germany, Italy, and Japan; later joined by Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia
Baum Gruppe (Herbert Baum Group) small, clandestine anti-Nazi organization founded in Berlin at the beginning of the Nazi regime by Herbert and Marianne Baum whose activities centered around increasing education, political, and cultural awareness
Belzec the Nazi death camp located about 150 miles east of Krakow
Brunnlitz the industrial town in German-occupied Czechoslovakia where Schindler relocated his Krakow factory in late 1944
Buchenwald one of the first concentration camps to begin operation (1937)
Bystanders individuals, or governments, who were indifferent to the plight of the Jews, and other victims of the Nazis
Chelmno the first death camp established by the Nazis which opened on December 7, 1941
Created by: shaws