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Data Protection Act

Unit 2 - Data Protection P5

Data Protection Act 1978 A law which provides protection for personal data stored on computers
DPA was updated in 1998
One of the eight principles of the DPA A data controller must only use the data for the purpose he asked permission for
One of the eight principles of the DPA Data must be relevant and not excessive
One of the eight principles of the DPA Data must be accurate and kept up to date
One of the eight principles of the DPA The data subject must be allowed to look at the data
One of the eight principles of the DPA Data must be obtained and kept within the law
One of the eight principles of the DPA The data must be kept securely so that only people who are allowed to access it are able to do so
One of the eight principles of the DPA Data can only be used within the EU unless the other country has similar DP laws.
Strong Secure Passwords Use a mix of characters and letter. Should be at least eight characters. Should have lower and upper case letters
Firewalls software designed to allow or deny access to people who are attempting to access the system
Virus software that has been created to damage a computer system
Encryption coding sensitive data or files, using specially designed software before it is sent over a network
Data Subject A person who has data stored about themselves by other people or businesses
Data Controller A person who collects or keeps information about people
Information Commissioner A person (or officer) who has the powers to enforce the Data Protection Act
Personal Data Name, Address, Bank Details
Sensitive Data Racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, Religion, Membership of a trade union, Health, Sex life, Criminal activity
Data Storage Only for as long as necessary
Created by: martina.donald



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