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SPHS 2015 Exam #2

Exam #2 Review

QuestionAnswer
Which system directly controls all aspects of human communication? Central nervous system
What causes the changes in resonance in speech? Modification of the shape of the vocal tract as sound moves through the oral cavity
What are the four lobes of the brain? Frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital
Which are the components of the phonatory system? Thyroid cartilage, larynx, arytenoid cartilages
What occurs during phonation? The vocal folds adduct or come together
What is the function of the diaphragm in speech? Contracts causing the lungs to expand for inhalation
Which articulatory structure is the most critical for production of speech sounds? The tongue
What results when the velum remains relaxed throughout production of all sounds? Hypernasality
Which system provides the power source for speech? Respiratory system
Which of the three major divisions of the brain is responsible for body posture, balance and motor coordination? Cerebellum
What are intonation, prosody and rate of speech considered? Suprasegmentals
Which sounds are produced with an open vocal tract and are always voiced? Vowels
At what age should children have acquired correct production of all speech sounds? 8
What sounds were produced by the 4 month old children? Produces a variety of vocalizations
Which sounds are produced with some constriction of the vocal tract and can be voiced or voiceless? Consonants
How well did you understand the three year old? - what was his intelligibility? 75%
Which are an example of manner, place and voicing Stops, bilabial, voiceless
At which age should a child's speech be 75% intelligible to an unfamiliar listener? 3 years old
John is a 15 year old boy who stutters. Louisa is a 3 year old girl who has frequent disfluencies in her speech. Which of the following is an accurate statement? Louisa may "outgrow her disfluent speech.
What is the definition of stuttering? Involuntary repetition and interruption of speech sounds
Which of the following is used to differentiate stuttering from normal dysfluency? Frequency of the disfluency (<5%, >5%)
Which of the following is the best example of someone who stutters? I g-g-got it from school.
When working with parents of children with early dysfluency, the speech language pathologist would probably recommend which of the following? Model, slow easy speech
Which describes the most thorough way to measure disfluent behavior in an assessment? Measure frequency and duration of disfluencies as well as physical behaviors accompanying disfluent behavior in conversation and reading
At what age would you see stuttering that is considered normal? Three year old
Which term describes an impairment in the ability to swallow? dysphagia
During which phase does the following occur? Transportation of the bolus to the stomach by the esophagus with peristaltic contractions. Esophageal stage
Which of the following is a symptom of dysphagia? Coughing when swallowing
During which phase does the following occur? Transport of the bolus from the oral cavity into the pharynx Oral transport phase
SLPs use a variety of methods to evaluate swallowing status in adults and children. Which of the following best describes a modified barium swallow study (MBS)? an x-ray involving patient swallowing food with a variety of thickness/consistency
During which phase does the following occur? Movement of the bolus through the pharynx into the esophagus Pharyngeal phase
What is the primary purpose of the epiglottis? To protect the airway when swallowing
What is the most common medical complication caused by dysphagia? Aspiration
What is a common treatment for persons with swallowing difficulties? Using appropriate thickness/consistency of food person is capable of swallowing
During which phase does the following occur? Preparation of food in mouth for transport to stomach. Tongue moves food into a bolus. Oral prepatory phase
Which is true of a typically developing 2 year old (24 months)? Has an oral vocabulary of at least 50 words and begins using two-word phrases
At what age would you expect a child to be using sentences that have an average length of 3-4 words? 3 years
Which definition describes the morphology component of normal language? rules for word forms and markers such as plurals and verb tense
Which components of normal language is part of the use area? Pragmatics
Which definition describes the pragmatics component of normal language? language use in various social settings
Which component/s of normal language is part of the content area? Semantics
Which definition describes the syntax component of normal language" grammatical structure and word order of language
Which definition describes the semantic component of normal language? vocabulary, word meanings, concepts and ideas
Which component/s of normal language is part of the form area? Phonology, morphology, phonology
Which definition describes the phonology component of normal language? spoken sounds of language and rules for using those sounds
Which type of aphasia affects all domains of language? Global
The client says: "I am going to a thing where everyone eats cake and opens presents on the day after Friday." What is this type of error? Circumlocution
Which part of the brain is associated with non-fluent aphasia? Broca's area
Which type of impairment is progressive? Dementia
What is this an example of: "fife for life"? Paraphasia
What is the most common cause of brain damage resulting in aphasia? Stroke
What is the most common form of dementia? Alzheimer's
Which part of the brain is associated with fluent aphasia? Wernicke's area
What is the term for difficulty retrieving the word which names an object? Anomia
What is the term used for substituting one word for another? Paraphasia
What are some early signs and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder? Lack of age appropriate development of pointing, joint attention and interest in mother's voice
Which is true of a typically developing 2 year old (24 months)? Has an oral vocabulary of at least 50 words and begins using two-word phrases
Which of the following is true of dyslexia? Dyslexia is a language based disorder of reading and writing
What are the two behaviors a person must demonstrate to be diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder? Impairment in social communication skills and demonstrates repetitive, restricted behaviors
What must be observed in a child in order to diagnose the child with Specific Language Impairment? The child's language development is below expectation for chronological age with the absence of other handicapping conditions
When would you diagnose a child with a language disorder? Child is not developing English language skills as well as same age peers
A person diagnosed with an intellectual disability must have deficits in two areas. What are these two areas? Intellectual function and adaptive skills
What are the two factors that must be present in order for a child to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder? Symptoms must be present in early childhood and must limit or impair daily functioning
At what age must a person with intellectual disability be diagnosed? Before age 22
What rating scale is used to determine a person's progress over time following a Traumatic Brain Injury? Ranchos Los Amigos Scale of Cognitive Functioinong
Created by: Cunningham101