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Ch. 8 Test

a structure established for influencing behavior to achieve particular ends formal organization
obedience to an order or request compliance
the ability to obtain compliance in exchange for material resources remunerative power
the ability to obtain compliance by manipulating symbolic rewards normative power
the ability to obtain compliance by the application or threat of physical force coercive power
In what model is the purpose of IMPRISONMENT to "punish offenders, fairly and justly, through lengths of confinement proportionate to the gravity of the offense?" "confinement model"
a management principle holding that a subordinate should report only to one supervisor unity of command
a series of organizational positions in order of authority, with each person receiving orders from the one immediately above and issuing orders to the one immediately below chain of command
a management principle holding that a supervisor can effectively oversee only a limited number of subordinates span of control
employees who are directly concerned with furthering the institution's goals, workers in direct contact with clients line personnel
employees who provide services in support of those who are in direct contact with clients staff personnel
Who makes up the majority of an institution's personnel? custodial employees
Has the organizational structure of correctional institutions changed over time? Yes
Are correction institutions administered more humanely today than they were in the past? Yes
a governance theory which states that for a prison system to operate effectively, officials must tolerate minor infractions, relax security measures, and allow inmate leaders to keep order inmate balance theory
a governance theory which states that prison disorder results from unstable, divided, or otherwise weak management administrative control theory
the absence of individual or group misconduct threatening the safety of others order
includes programs designed to improve the life prospect of inmates service
anything that enhances the inmates' creature comforts amenity
T/F: 4 factors that make governing prisons different from administering other public institutions: defects of total power, limited rewards and punishments, the co-optation of correction officers, and strength of inmate leadership. T
Much of the public believes that prisons are run in an ________ manner. authoritarian
What is used to control prisoners? physical coercion
Correctional officers often rely on what two things to gain cooperation? rewards and punishment
T/F: One way that correctional officers obtain inmate cooperation is by tolerating minor rule infractions in exchange for compliance with major prison rules. T
Who plays the key role in the interpersonal relationships among the inmates and serves as the link to the prison bureaucracy? correctional officers
What are central to prisoner control because correctional officers cannot have total control over the inmates? negotiations
T/F: Once an officer defines a set of informal rules with prisoners, the rules must be respected by all parties. T
Some rule violations are "________" and consequently do NOT merit officers' attention or sanctioning. normal
In the traditional prison of the big-house era, administrators enlisted who to help maintain order? inmate leaders
On entering a prison, the newcomer receives what? manual
Who act like police officers with regard to most prison rules? custodial officers
More-serious violations can earn the prisoner a "_______": a report forwarded to higher authority for action. ticket
the most severe sanction by a disciplinary committee in administrative segregation solitary confinement
T/F: Management is successful when prison directors: are in office long enough to learn the job, project an appealing image to a wide range of people, are dedicated and loyal to the dept., and are highly hands-on and proactive. T
Does some evidence suggest that prisons are becoming less violent? Yes
T/F: Prison disorder, inmate homicides, etc. are proportionately more rare today than in the 1970s and 1980s. T
the concept of male honor and the sacredness of one's reputation as a man, requires physical retaliation against those who insult one's honor machismo
the most common type of prison violence prisoner-prisoner violence
For many victims of prison violence, what is the only way to escape further abuse? protective custody
Besides physical injury, an attack can compromise an officer's what? authority
tactic for reducing prison violence by dividing facilities into small, self-contained, semi-autonomous "institutions" unit management
Created by: 449569235237736