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FLVS Fr 3 lesson 21

FLVS French 3 lesson 21: La littérature : la nouvelle

QuestionAnswer
une nouvelle a short story
un roman a novel
un récit narrative
un conte de fées (fem,) fairy tale
un genre type, genre
le contenu content
un personage character
littéraire literary
un(e) auteur(e) an author
un(e) écrivain writer
un conte a tale
ensorceler to cast a spell
maudire to curse
triompher to triumph over
au début in the biginning
à la fin in the end
une légende a legend
Il était une fois… Once upon a time
Il y a bien longtemps= Jadis…… a Long time ago…
une image image
une comparaison comparison
une métaphore metaphor
une personnification personification
le rythme rythm
une alliteration aliteration
une representation symbolique symbolic representation
un symbole symbole
la syntaxe = la grammaire grammar
la répétition repetition
une phrase a sentence
une proposition a clause
la signification symbolique the symbolic meaning
le vocabulaire, le lexique vocabulary
le champ lexical vocabulary field, vocabulary theme
un synonyme synonym ( word that means the same)
un antonyme = un contraire antonym, opposite
une prépostion preposition
le cadre naturel the nature backgroud
romantique romantic
une satire a satire (writing that criticises people or vices by exaggerating)
une allégorie,une parabole allegory, parable (short story to teach a moral lesson)
la morale de l’histoire the moral of the story
le but the goal
un géant giant
un lutin munshkin
le message sous-entendu the message conveyed, understood
sembler to seem
délivrer sauver
le danger en danger
danger in danger
apparaître to appear
disparaître to disappear
par enchantement magically
...dans un pays lointain... ...in a faraway place
le lendemain the following day,...
la veille de, du, de la… the evening before…
la ponctuation punctuation
la virgule coma ,
le point-virgule semi colon ;
les deux points semi-colon :
un crochet Bracket [
entre parenthèse in parentheses ( )
entre guillemets between inverted comas « … »
un tiret = un trait d’union hyphen, dash -
les points de suspension dot dot dot …
un point d'interrogation a question mark ?
un point d'exclamation an exclamation mark !
Le temps a passé (= passa) et... Time went by and...
Ils vécurent heureux pour toujours (= a jamais) ... They lived happily ever after...
« Tout est bien qui finit bien » All is well that ends well
la vanité humaine human vanity
jaloux(jalouse)= envieux, envieuse jealous, envious
"La jalousie est un vilain défaut" (Proverbe anonyme) Jealousy is an ughly dawnfall.
se contenter de ce que l'on a to be happy with what one has
dévoué a sa femme devoted to his wife
travailler dur to work hard
la malchance misfortune