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Operating Systems

Chapter 14 Terms

QuestionAnswer
Advanced Options Menu Appears when F8 is pressed as Windows is loading. The menu gives different boot options.
BCDEdit Used in Command Prompt, a command used to manually edit the Boot Configuration Data (BCD)
Boot Configuration Data (BCD) Contains boot settings that control BootMgr, Winload.exe WinResume.exe Memtest.exe and dual boots.
Booting Brings a computer up to a working state without the user having to do anything but press a button or switch.
Boot.ini Hidden text file that contains information needed to start the boot and build of the boot loader menu.
Bootrec Used in Command Prompt to repair BCD and boot sectors.
Bootsect Used in Command Prompt. Command used to repair a dual boot system
Cold Boot Also known as Hard Boot. Involves using the power button / switch to start the computer and begin loading the operating system.
DiskPart Tool used in Command Prompt to manage hard drives and partitions.
Emergencey Repair Disk A record of critical information about your system that can be used to fix a problem with the OS. Can bypass the boot files stored in C:\
FDISK Command to format a hard drive or floppy disk.
Fixboot Command used to repair the boot sector of the System Partition. Used at a command prompt.
Fixmbr Command used to repair the MBR. Used at Command Prompt.
Hard Boot Also known as Cold Boot. Involves using the power button / switch to start the computer and begin loading the operating system.
Last Known Good Configuration Windows Registry key for the most recent successful Login.
NTLDR Program responsible for starting Windows. Also called the Boot Loader.
OS Boot Record First sector of the system partition.
Post (Power On Self Test) A series of tests used to find out if startup BIOS can communicate correctly with essential hardware components for a successful boot.
Recovery Console A lean operating system controlled from the command prompt. Located on the Windows installation disk as well as in the Advanced Boot Options menu
Recovery Image Backup of the Windows Volume.
Soft Boot Also known as Warm Boot. Involves restarting the computer from within an Operating System.
System Repair Disc A disc, created in Windows 7 and newer, which can launch Windows RE.
Warm Boot Also known as Soft Boot. Involves restarting the computer from within an Operating System.
Windows Boot Loader (Winload.exe) Loads and starts essential Windows processes.
Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE) a lean operating system that can be launched to solve Windows startup problems after other tools available on the advanced option menu have failed.