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Sport Nutrition

Nutrition in Sports Medicine

TermDefinition
Nutrition Process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and for replacement of tissues
Energy power used to do work or to produce heat or light
Calories what energy is measured as in nutrition
carbohydrates primary source of fuel (glucose) for energy
proteins body's maintain structure elements and found in every cell and tissue.
fats dietary and fatty acids, Also known as lipids
vitamins complete organic substances the body needs in small amounts and measured in milligrams (mg) or micrograms (mcg)
minerals inorganic substances that help with proper growth, development, and health.
water most important nutrient
proper hydration 6-8 glasses of fluids each date
Myplate Government recommendations on daily food intake
sports drinks replace electrolytes lost during heavy sweating
hyponatremia excess of sodium caused by overconsumption of water.
energy drink main active ingredients include caffeine and sugar.
carbohydrate loading helps store the max amount of energy prior to an event.
Body Mass Index Uses a person's height and weight to determine body composition.
Hydrostatic weighing, Underwater weighing, measures body density.
Skinfold Caliper Measure the thinkness of the fat layer on specific body sites.
Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis "Body fat scale"
Infrared Measures the thickness of the skin/fat at only one site.
Anorexia Nervosa Intense fear of gaining weight, distorted body image, self-starvation or over exercising.
Bulimia Nervosa Binging and purging, feeling out of control during the eating episode.
Female Athlete Triad Eating Disorder, Amenorrhea, and Osteoporosis
Amenorrhea Absence of menstruation for 3 or more consecutive months
Ergogenic Aids Substances that enhance one's performance above normal standards.
Caffeine Energy enhancing substance, increases heart rate and diuretic.
beta blocker Substance that decreases the heart rate
Anabolic steroids made from testosterone, increase male features, increase in muscle size.
Human Growth Hormone Naturally found the body, produced by the pituitary gland
Eythroprotein Caused by an increased in red blood cell production
Blood doping Practice of removing blood from athletes, storing it, and re-injecting prior to competition.
Bod Pod Most accurate estimation of body composition.
Created by: ntgibson