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SHHS Fiction terms

Literary Terms used in Fiction

QuestionAnswer
What is the artistic arrangement of events in a short story, play, or novel called? The plot
What is a scene relived in a character's memory? a flashback
Sometimes a short story, play or novel may begin with a significant event and then fill in what happened earlier and move to later events? What Latin term describes this? "in medias res"
a brief story that usual involves anthropomorphized animals that sets forth some pointed statement of truth, including a moral Fable
Some stories directly aim to teach a lesson about right and wrong -- What is this lesson called? Moral
A traditional form of story that teaches a lesson, has a realistic plot, and the main characters are human -- The New Testament has many. Parable
A variety of short story that involves supernatural or fantastic events and the deeds of a super hero, for example, Paul Bunyan -- Tall tale
What makes a short story different from a fable, a parable, or a tall tale? a well-developed character
the basic conflict that initiates a story or establishes a scene -- It usually describes the protagonist's motivation and the forces that oppose its realization. dramatic situation
the opening of a narrative or drama -- sets the scene, introduces the protagonist, reveal background information -- exposition
the enjoyable aniety created by the author's skillful handling of plot -- This creates a feeling of anticipation in the reader. suspense
the technique of arranging events and information in such a way that later events are hinted at -- foreshadowing
the moment of greatest intensity in a story -- Climax
the conclusion of a literary work as plot complications are unraveled after the climax -- denouement or resolution
a scene relived in a character's memory -- these allow the author to include events that happened before the opening of the story flashback
a moment of insight, discovery, or revelation by which a character's life is greatly altered -- epiphany
a character is initiated into an experience and/or gains maturity story of initiation
the central character of a literary work who usual initiates the main action protagonist
the most significant character or force that opposes the protagonist antagonist
the perspective from which the story is told point of view
a point of view in which the narrator is a participant in the action first person narrator
a point of view in which the narrator knows everything about all the characters and events in the story total omniscient
when an omniscient narrator goes beyond reporting the thoughts of characters to make a critical judgement or commentary, making the narrator's thoughts or philosophies explicit editorial omniscient
refers to an omniscient narrator who, although he or she presents the thoughts or actions of the characters, does not judge them or comment on them impartial omniscient
a type of point of view in which the narrator sees into the minds of some but not all the characters -- usually sees through the eyes of one major character limited omniscient (third person)
A character who fails
Created by: SHHSAPLit