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literary terms

vocabulary for literature

theme a story's central message or insight to life (can be a lesson)
Main Idea the central point of a text or passage
Setting time and place of the action
Plot series of related events/what happened
Exposition the introduction of a story where we meet characters, learn background and setting
Rising Action conflict begins to increase, leading to the climax
Climax the most intense moment or turning point of a story
Falling Action action is beginning to lessen
Resolution Conflict is resolved, all questions answered, all loose ends tied up
Characterization tool used by authors to inform readers about characters
Indirect Characterization when the author gives hints and clues to a character
Direct Charaterization when the author states descriptions
Stated Theme theme is directly stated in the story
Implied Theme use events from the story to come up with your own theme
Summary shortened key points of a text
Infer to draw a conclusion using events from the text, as by reasoning.
Fiction not real
Nonfiction fact
Textual Evidence information from a text to support opinion or conclusion
Historical Context the economical, social, cultural and biographical background of a text or the author
Symbol person, place or object that has a literal and figurative meaning (stands for a larger idea or emotion)
Narrator one who tells a story/narrative
1st Person narrator is in the story and refers to him/herself
Connotation set of ideas associated with a word in addition to its meaning
Denotation Dictionary Definition
Dynamic Character one who changes throughout the course of a story
Static Character one who does not change throughout the course of a story
Protagonist leading character
Antagonist character who opposes the protagonist
3rd Person narrator is telling a story about other people
3rd Person Omniscient narrator who knows everything about characters and events. Has privileged access to character's thoughts, feelings and motives
3rd Person Limited narrator who is confined to what is experienced, thought or felt by a single or at least limited number of characters
Objective Narrator can only tell what can be seen or heard-doesn't know any character's thoughts or feelings
Mood the feeling evoked in the reader by the author
Tone the attitude of the author towards the subject or text
Foreshadowing written hints of what's to come in the story
Flashback referring to something that occurred earlier in the text
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