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COD: Intro To Art

Art Mid-term

Representational Descriptive work of art that depicts forms in the natural world.
Naturalistic Descriptive of an approach to portraying the visible world that emphasizes the objective observation and accurate imitation of appearances. It closely resembles the forms it portrays.
Abstract Descriptive of art in which the forms of the visual world are purposely simplified, fragmented, or otherwise distorted.
Trompe l'oeil French for "fool the eye," representational art that mimics optical experience so faithfully that it may be mistaken momentarily for reality.
Stylized Descriptive of representational art in which methods for depicting forms have become standardized, and thus can be repeated without any further observation of the real-world model.
Nonrepresentational/Nonobjective Descriptive of art that does not represent or otherwise refer to the visual world outside itself.
Style A characteristic, or number of characteristics, that we can identify as constant, recurring, or coherent.
Form The physical appearance of a work of art--its materials, style and composition. Also, any identifiable shape or mass, as a geometric form.
Content What a work of art is about, its subject matter as interpreted by the viewer.
Subject Matter In representational or abstract art, the objects or events depicted.
Iconography The identification, description, and interpretation of subject matter in art.
Context The personal and social circumstances surrounding the making, viewing, and interpreting of a work of art; the varied connections of a work of art to the larger world of its time and place.
Contour Lines The perceived edges of shape of a two or three-dimensional object.
Shape A two-dimensional area having identifiable boundaries, created by lines, color or value changes, and sometimes a combination of these.
Mass Three-dimensiona for, often implying bulk, density and weight.
Figure In two-dimensional images, the relationship between a shape we perceive as dominant (the figure) and the background shape we perceive against it (the background).
Ground A preparatory coating of paint, usually white, but sometimes colored, applied to the support for a painting or drawing.
Implied Shapes Optical puzzles created by the artist by the creation of an outline, implying the object exists and completes the image.
Secondary Colors The hues made from the combination of primary colors, Purple, green and orange.
Chiaroscuro Renaissance artists used shades of light or dark values that create contrasts the model mass for the viewer
Hatching Closely spaced parallel lines that mix optically to suggest values.
Crosshatching Used to achieve darker values, layers of hatching may be superimposed, with each new layer set an an angle to the one beneath
Stippling A pattern of closely spaced dots or small marks used to create a sense of three-dimensionality on a flat surface.
Hue The "family name" of a color, independent of it particular value or saturation.
Primary Colors The hues, that cannot be made from other colors (in theory). Red, blue and yellow.
Value The relative lightness and darkness of a hue.
Shade A color darker than a hue's normal value.
Tint A color lighter than a hue's normal value.
Intensity The relative purity or brightness of a color
Monochromatic Having only one color.
Complementary Hues that intensify one another when juxtaposed and dull one another when mixed; on the color wheel, they are situated opposite one another.
Analogous The juxtaposition of hues that contain the same color in differing proportions.
Triadic A color scheme based in three hues equidistant from one another on the color wheel.
Afterimage An image that persists after the visual stimulus that first produced it has ceased.
Optical color Mixture "pointillism" A quasi-scientific painting technique of the late 19th century, developed by Georges Seurat, in which colors were applied in regular, small touches (points) that blended through optical color mixture when viewed at a certain distance.
Linear Perspective Based on the observation that parallel lines appear to converge as they recede from the viewer, finally meeting at a vanishing point on the horizon.
Vanishing point In linear perspective, the point on the horizon where parallel lines appearto converge.
Foreshortening The visual phenomenon whereby a
Atmospheric perspective Based on the observation that distant objects appear less distinct, paler, and bluer than nearby objects because of the way moisture in the intervening atmosphere scatters light.
Isometric Perspective Uses diagonal lines to convey recession, but parallel lines do not converge. Principally used in Asian art, which is not based in a fixed viewpoint.
Kinetic Having to do with motion.
Composition The organization of lines, shapes, colors and other art elements in a work of art. Also refered to as design.
Proportion Size relationships between parts of a whole, or between two or more items perceived as a unit; also, the size relationship between an object and it's surroundings.
Hierarchical Scale The representation of more important figures as larger than less important fogures, as when a king is portrayed on a larger scale than his attendants.
"Golden Rectangle" A rectangle using the proportion of the Golden section.
What do artists do? (6) They create places for some human purpose, create images to record or commemorate, create objects that give tangible forms to feelings and objects, create objects that give tangible forms to the unknown, create images to refresh our vision.
How do we value art?
Themes of art? (8) The sacred realm, politics and social order, stories and histories, looking outward, looking inward, invention and fantasy, the natural world and Art and Art.
Principles of Design? (5) Unity and Variety; Balance; Emphasis and subordination; scale and proportion; and Rhythm.
Tertiary Colors Intermediate colors, made from mixing a primary color with a secondary color adjacent to it on the color wheel.
Created by: 203802248