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Chapter 9

State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India

The Mauryan dynasty and the temporary unification of India Magadha kingdom filled power vacuum left by withdrawal of Alexander of Macedon
Governed by the well-organized bureaucracy Established the capital in Pataliputra Ashoka Maurya, conquered the kingdom of Kalinga, 260 B.C.E.
The Gupta dynasty Governed by the well-organized bureaucracy Established the capital in Pataliputra
The revival of empire under the Guptas Greek-speaking Bactrians ruled in northwest India for two centuries
Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 B.C.E.) became the Buddha First sermon about 528 B.C.E. at the Deer Park of Sarnath Organized followers into a community of monks
Appeal of Buddhism Appealed strongly to members of lower castes because it did not recognize social hierarchies of castes and jati
Mahayana Buddhism Early Buddhism made heavy demands on individuals Development of Buddhism between 3rd century B.C.E. and 1st century C.E. Buddha became a god.The notion of boddhisatva--"an enlightened being"
The Bhagavad Gita A short poetic work: dialogue between Vishnu and warrior Illustrated expectations of Hinduism and promise of salvation
Created by: kathyal3102