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Vocabulary

obj. 2,01 DigRaster

TermDefinition
Graphics Anything on a page that is not actual text, from simple line drawings to fully active images found on the World Wide Web. the two major categories of graphic images are raster and vector.
Color depth refers to the number of colors per pixel that can be displayed in an image and affects image quality and file size
Compression refers to the mathematical algorithm used when an image is saved in order to reduce the file size. The greater the compression, the lower the quality of the image.
Lossless no data is lost during compression
Lossy some data is lost during compression
Portability ease at which files are opened, modified, and viewed on computers using different operating systems, software and browsers
Transparency The background of an image is "see-through" so that graphic can blend into the background without having a white box around it.
Inches(in) the standard unit of measurement for US standard size papers that can work well for print. A "Letter" size piece of paper measures 8.5" x 11", which is the most common size used in printers, for resumes, and other common desktop publishing documents.
Pixels(px) the most common unit of measurement used for computer screen display.A pixel generally represents one dot that is illuminated on a computer screen, many of which make up images. Pixels lack flexibility as screen size changes.
Points(pt) the standard unit of measure for typefaces, with 1 point representing 1/72 of an inch. 12 point font is generally accepted as the standard font size for paragraph text in print.
Picas a unit of measurement for lines of type with one pica equal to 1/6 of an inch. Therefore, there are six picas in one inch. Picas are often used in print design, as they are more easily divisible than inches, such as with the Rule of Thirds.
Resolution the amount of detail stored for an image. The higher the resolution, the higher the level of detail in the image.
PPI ( pixels per inch) The number of pixels in one inch. More pixels per inch means better image quality but larger file size.
On-screen resolution Monitors can display an image at a resolution of 72 ppi.
Print resolution documents that are being sent for print should be 300 PPI to ensure image quality
DPI(Dots per inch) the number of dots of ink or toner per inch on a printed image. The lower the DPI the less detailed the image.
Color Mode a mathematical model that describes the way colors can be represented as numbers or percentages, typically with three or four values
RGB(red,green,blue) assigns an intensity value to each pixel that ranges from 0 to 255 for each of the red, green, and blue components in an image. If all of the RGB colors are 255 the result will be white. RGB color is best used for on screen display.
CMYK(cyan,magenta,yellow,black) assigns a percentage value for each of the process inks. If all of the percentages are set to 0, the result will be white. An image should be converted to CMYK color mode before print.
Raster graphics also called bitmaps, are images composed of grids of pixels that have a fixed resolution( number of pixels per inch) and cannot be resized without losing image quality.
Raster commonly used for: Digital photograph. Modifying or adding effects to images, such as filters or blurs. Effective for web design or images for print mediums, such as magazines.
Advantages of Raster: Handle small detail, such as those in photographs, fairly well. Handle modifications and effects well.
Disadvantages of Raster: Resolution Dependent- the quality of the image is determined by the number of pixels in the image, which cannot be resized without affecting image quality. File sizes can become very large
Native file formats editable file formats that are proprietary to a specific program that generally lacks portability and is not meant to be used with other software.
Standard file formats file formats that can be used with a variety of software programs. Standard file formats are usually created by using the "Save As" command or through exporting. Standard file formats include, but are not limited to: .gif, .jpg, .png, and .tif.
PSD Photoshop Document: Native file format for Adobe Photoshop. Supports layers, transparency, text, and effects. Large file size. The industry standard for raster graphic creation and editing
GIF Graphics Interchange Format: Standard format on web for animation. Supports transparency. Uses lossless compression. Supports 256 colors.
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group: Does not support animation. Does not support transparency. Uses lossy compression. Supports 16 million colors. High quality.
PNG Portable Network Graphic: Supports transparency. Uses lossless compression. Supports several different color depths including 256 colors and 16 million colors.
TIFF Tagged Image File Format: Does not support animation or transparency. Available in compresses(lossless) and uncompressed formats. Supports up 16 million colors.
PDF Portable Document Format: Open standard, platform independent format that embeds fonts, images, layouts, and graphics. Allows choice of lossy and lossless compression.Supports 16 million colrs. Viewable with Acrobat Reader, a free program by Adobe.
Aspect Ratio relationship of an object's width to its height. Maintaining aspect ratio while modifying an objects size ensures the object is not distorted.
Cropping removing a part of an image. The original image retains the same file size. The cropped image can be saved as a new object.
Layering compiling multiple pictures or objects together into one image. Layers can be turned on or off. Elements can be colored, layered. and resized individually.
Selections Identifying a specific area of a layer or image that allows you to move or apply techniques to only that specific area on that specific layer.
Transparency removing the background color of a raster image making it "see-trough" in order to allow the image to blend in with its background
Transforming changing a graphics size or dimensions through commands such as scaling and rotating
Scaling enlarging or shrinking a graphic
Rotating pivoting an object around its center point
Layer Styles One or more effects applied to a layer or layer group. Effects include shadows, stroke, glows, bevels, and overlays
Layer Masls A non-destructive method which allows you to apply transparency to a specific portion of a layer with precise control
Fill putting color, gradient, pattern, or texture into an object or area
Gradiant filling an object with a smooth transition from one color to another
Adjustment layers Non-destructive layers that can be added to allow you to apply image tonal and color adjustments
Filters used to apply special effects or unique transformation to an image
Clone stamp samples and area of an image and then allows you to paint over another area of the image with the sampled area
Blend Modes change the way layers interact by determining how a layer will blend with the layers below it
Created by: 1647906
 

 



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