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Social Studies 2015

Muhammad he was an Arab prophet and was founder of Islam.
Islam the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad.
Prophet a person who speaks to a god or deity.
Muslims of or relating to the religion, law, or civilization of Islam.
Qur' an the Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad.
Makkah a city in and the capital of Hejaz, in W Saudi Arabia, which is the birthplace of Muhammad; spiritual center of Islam.
Ka' ba a small, cubical building in the courtyard of the Great Mosque at Mecca.
Trade routes any route usually taken by merchant ships, caravans, etc.
Khadijah the first wife of the Prophet Mohammed, called the first convert to Islam.
Monotheism the belief in one God
Polytheism the belief in more than one God. also, Arabs practiced this.
Night Journey the journey in which Muhammad was carried from Mecca to Jerusalem and ascended into heaven.
People of the Book The People of the Book are usually entitled to the status of dhimmis in Muslim lands
Five Pillars of Faith is praying, faith, charity, fasting, and making pilgrimage.
Pilgrimage is a long journey made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion.
Sunnah the traditional portion in Muslim law.
Mosques a Muslim temple or place of public worship.
Jihad a holy war undertaken as a sacred duty by Muslims.
Shari'ah law, seen as deriving from the Koran, hadith, ijma╩┐, and qiyas.
Ramadan it is the ninth mouth of the year on the Islamic calendar.
Caliph a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad.
Hadith a traditional account of things said or done by Muhammad or his companions.
Imam the person who leads praying in a mosque.
Shahadah the Islamic profession of faith;" the first pillar of Islam."
Salah is the act of praying five times a day.
Zakat is the act of alms and charity.
Hajj going to the pilgrimage in Mecca.
Fasting fasting in the month of the Ramadan.
Created by: jlawler651