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CIT226 Ch5 and 13

CIT226 Win Server Mgmt Chapter 5 - Print / Document Services and Chapter 13 DC

TermDefinition
Branch Office Direct Printing A printer setting that is designed to conserve bandwidth and allow client printing if a print server failure occurs.
Easy Print Driver A universal cross platform compatible used to simplify driver management when using Remote Desktop Services.
Local printer A printer that is connected directly to a computer.
Location-aware printing A printer setting that enables a user with a portable computer to print to a printer physically located close to her computer; for example, to the home printer when at the home location or to the office printer when in the office.
Network printer A printer that is equipped with its own network adapter card and connected to the network.
Print device The hardware device that produces the printed output.
Print driver The program that converts graphics commands into instructions a given type of print device can understand.
Print driver isolation The capability of the print service in Windows Server 2012 R2 that improves the reliability of the print service by enabling print drivers to run in separate processes from the print spooler process.
Print pooling The act of setting up two or more physical printers (print devices), each associated with a single printer.
Print queue The series of documents that have been scheduled to print to a specific printer.
Print server Any computer on which printers have been configured. This can include a client computer such as Windows 8.1, as well as a Windows Server 2012 R2 or older server computer.
Print spooler An area on a computer’s hard drive where documents to be printed are stored while awaiting printing. The spooler software formats the documents so that the associated printer can print them properly.
Printer The software interface between the operating system and the print device that determines various aspects of the printing process.
Printer pool A set of two or more identical print devices associated with a single printer.
Printer priority A number from one to 99 that determines which document is printed first. Printers with a higher priority print their documents first.
Active Directory Migration Tool A utility that enables you to move objects such as users, groups, and computers between Active Directory domains in the same or different forests.
Active Directory Administrative Center An Active Directory snap-in in Windows Server 2012 R2 that enables the administration of most Active Directory functions from a single console.
adprep A utility that prepares a Win 2003 or Win Server 2008 forest or domain for receiving domain controllers running Win Server 2012 R2. Parameters include forestprep, which prepares the forest, and domainprep, which prepares the domain.
dcpromo The command-line utility used to promote a Windows Server 2012 R2 system to a domain controller. In Windows Server 2012 R2, dcpromo can be used only in conjunction with an answer file that supplies parameters required for domain controller promotion.
Domain Controller (DC) A server capable of performing authentication. In Windows Server 2012 R2, a domain controller holds a copy of the Active Directory database.
Domain functional level Windows Server 2012 R2 domains can operate at one of four functional levels: Win Server 2008, Win Server 2008 R2, Win Server 2012, or the Win Server 2012 R2 functional level. Each functional level has different tradeoffs between features and limitations.
Forest functional level The four forest functional levels are Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, and Windows Server 2012 R2. The default forest functional level is Windows Server 2008. When the forest functional level is raised to Windows Server 20
Install from Media (IFM) An option that enables you to install a domain controller from a series of files created from an existing domain controller in the domain. Minimizes the amount of data that must be replicated from an existing domain controller.
Read-only domain controller (RODC) Win Server 2012 R2 feature in which the domain controller is installed with a read-only directory database. You cannot perform any directory updates directly from the RODC. It is especially suitable in reduced security environments such as branch offices.
Security Identifier (SID) A number that uniquely identifies a user, group, or computer account. Every account is issued one when created, and if the account is later deleted and re-created with the same name, it will have a different SID. Once used, it can never be used again.
Windows Azure A cloud-based computing infrastructure that enables you to build, deploy, and manage services and applications including Active Directory throughout a global network.
Created by: Leisac